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Glassware, Storage, Serving Temps Wine Focus: Aromatic Whites, Zinfandel


These powerful, upfront flavors need a bold, brawny wine like Zinfandel as a foil. Common Flavors. Raspberry. Black Raspberry. Blackberry. Raisins. Candied Fruit ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Glassware, Storage, Serving Temps Wine Focus: Aromatic Whites, Zinfandel

Glassware, Storage, Serving Temps Wine
Focus Aromatic Whites, Zinfandel
  • Presented by Alphonse DiMino
  • Wine Director
  • Passport Wine Spirits

  • What's Important?
  • Vessel Material
  • Glass vs Crystal
  • Crystal is more brilliant, enhances the wines
  • Softer (breakage issues)
  • Size
  • Effects temperature (surface area), aromas
    (surface area)
  • Shape
  • Effects how wine is delivered to different areas
    on tongue
  • Effect Temperature
  • Narrow glasses retain temperature longer
  • Effect aromas
  • Narrow openings concentrate the aroma or bouquet
  • Rim
  • Rims should have a "cut" edge that is actually
    smooth to the feel. Inexpensive glasses often
    feature a bumped or rolled edge that directly
    affects how the wine rolls across the lips and
    tongue. Consequently, bumpy rims can inhibit some
    of the more delicate flavors of a wine.
  • Stem
  • Effects temperature, comfort, aesthetics
  • Thickness
  • Breakage, color, comfort, aesthetics

Champagne and Sparkling Wine Glasses
  • This glass shape allows the bubbles to flow up a
    longer length of the liquid, a pleasing sight to
    the eye. Similarly, because the glass is
    narrower, the gas of the bubbles can't escape the
    liquid as fast as it would with a more open bowl.
    This preserves the carbonation.

White Wine Glasses
  • White wine glasses are generally narrower,
    although not as narrow as champagne flutes, with
    somewhat straight or tulip-shaped sides. The
    narrowness of the white wine glass allows the
    chilled wine to retain its temperature for two
  • The reduced surface area of the glass (in
    comparison to red wine glasses) means less air
    circulating around the glass and warming the
  • The smaller bowl of the glass means less contact
    between the hand and the glass, and so body heat
    does not transfer as easily to the wine.

Red Wine Glasses
  • Bordeaux glass tall with a broad bowl, and is
    designed for full bodied red wines like Cabernet
    and Merlot as it directs wine to the back of the
  • Burgundy glass broader than the Bordeaux glass,
    it has a bigger bowl to accumulate aromas of more
    delicate red wines such as Pinot Noir. This style
    of glass directs wine to the tip of the tongue.

Port, Sherry, Dessert Wine Glasses
  • Small narrow glass
  • Should be big enough to still swirl wine

  • Helps release aromas
  • Helps soften tannins
  • Helps removing sediment from bottle

Storing Wine and Proper Serving Temperatures
  • Short Term (less than a week)
  • Out of light and high temperatures
  • Decorative Wine Rack
  • Do not display near window!
  • Do not display near stove or cooking appliances
  • Only put wine in refrigerator when you are going
    to drink it within a day or two
  • If you open it, drink it within two days!!
  • To keep it longer place it in the refrigerator
    and put it in a half bottle if you have one!
    Remember, oxygen is the enemy!!

  • Long Term Storage
  • Temperature (Most Important)
  • High temperature (gt65ºF) causes the wine to age
    prematurely, thus losing its flavor and balance
  • Wide fluctuation in temperature will damage the
    wine and the cork.
  • Ideal range of temperature for storing red wine
    is 50-55ºF or 10-16ºC.
  • Humidity
  • If the humidity is too high, mold can grow and
    cellar woods and wine labels can be damaged. If
    the environment is too dry, the cork will crack
    and air will leak into the bottle, again ruining
    the wine.
  • Ideal humidity for wine storage ranges from
    60-75 RH.

Best Places to Store Wine
  • Basement
  • Recommend converting a closet or construction of
    separate room.
  • Monitor temperature (No more than a 3-4 degree
    fluctuation), and humidity.
  • Keep away from laundry
  • Wine Storage Unit
  • Subzero, Wine Cave
  • Wine Cellar
  • Regulated temp, humidity, and light

(No Transcript)
Aromatic Wines
  • What exactly is an aromatic white? It's a white
    wine made from an aromatic white-grape variety --
    that is, a grape that has pronounced aromas and
    flavors. It is also usually an unoaked white
    wine that's because the whole point of making
    wine from an aromatic variety is to express the
    grape's aromas and flavors, and barrel
    fermentation or barrel aging mask them.

Popular Aromatic Whites
  • Gewürztraminer
  • Known for their floral and lychee characteristics
  • The name literally means "Spice Traminer", or
    "Perfumed Traminer".
  • Best examples come from the Alsace region of
    France. Also grown in Germany, Italy, cool
    areas of California, Washington State, Oregon,
    Canada, and the Finger lakes.
  • Its aromatic flavors make Gewürztraminer one of
    the few wines that are suitable for drinking with
    Asian cuisine. It goes well with Munster cheese,
    and fleshy, fatty (oily) wild game. Smoked salmon
    is a particularly good match.

  • Kerner
  • A cross between Trollinger (a red variety also
    known as Schiava grossa) and Riesling
  • Kerner has been named in honour of a poet and
    physician from Swabia, Justinus Kerner, whose
    works included songs and poetry on wine
  • Kerner is most commonly planted in the German
    regions of Palatinate, Rheinhessen, Mosel, and
    Württemberg, but it is also grown in Austria,
    Switzerland and Italys Alto Adige/Südtirol
    region. It was introduced into Alto
    Adige/Südtirol in the early 1970s and awarded
    Denominazione di origine controllata (DOC) status
    in 1993.
  • Pronounced varietal bouquet, often with a Muscat
    tone fresh aromas offer a tasty blend of mixed
    white fruits, with hints of apple, grapefruit and
    a tropical whiff of mango.

  • Muscat
  • The muscat family of grapes of the species Vitis
    vinifera is widely grown for wine, raisins and
    table grapes.
  • Muscat grapes are grown around the world in
    Romania, Moldova, Bulgaria, Serbia, Israel,
    France, Germany, Portugal, Greece, Spain,
    Australia, California, Oregon, Hungary, Canada,
    Italy, Albania, Turkey, Slovenia, and other
  • Perhaps the oldest domesticated grape variety,
    and there are theories that most families within
    the Vitis vinifera grape family are descended
    from the Muscat family
  • Scientists from the University of Pennsylvania
    have analyzed pots from King Midas's burial mound
    and determined that Muscat grapes were a key
    component of the alcoholic beverage served at his
    funeral feast
  • Many varieties of the grape, Muscat Blanc (used
    in Moscato dAsti), Muscat Ottonel, Black Muscat
    , Orange Muscat
  • Made in dry and dessert wine versions.

  • Rhone Varieties
  • Viognier
  • It is the only permitted grape for the French
    wine Condrieu in the Rhone valley.
  • (Also found in Australia, and California)
  • Richer, Fatty Style
  • Well-known for their floral aromas and spiciness
  • Roussanne
  • The aromas are often reminiscent of a flowery
    herbal tea. In warm climates, it produces wines
    of richness, with flavors of honey and pear, and
    full body. In cooler climates it is more floral
    and more delicate, with higher acidity. It is a
    difficult variety to grow, with vulnerability to
    mildew, poor resistance to drought and wind, late
    and/or uneven ripening, and irregular yields.

  • DNA fingerprinting revealed that it is
    genetically equivalent to the Croatian grape
    Crljenak Katelanski, and also the Primitivo
    variety traditionally grown in southern Italy,
    where it was introduced in the 1700s.
  • The grape found its way to the United States in
    the mid-19th century, and became known by
    variations of the name "Zinfandel", a name of
    uncertain origin.
  • It is planted in over 10 percent of California
    wine vineyards.

A little History
  • Believed to have Croatian origins
  • The first documented use of the term Primitivo
    appears in Italian governmental publications of
    the 1870s The name derives from the terms
    primativus or primaticcio, which refer to the
    grape's tendency to ripen earlier than other
  • Primitivo is now thought to have been introduced
    as a distinct clone into the Apulia region of
    Italy in the 1700s.

US History
  • George Gibbs, a horticulturist on Long Island,
    received shipments of grapes from Schönbrunn and
    elsewhere in Europe between 1820 and 1829.
    Zinfandel was one of those.
  • "Black Zinfardel of Hungary" mentioned by William
    Robert Prince in A Treatise on the Vine (1830)
    may have referred to one of Gibbs' 1829
  • Gibbs visited Boston in 1830, and Samuel Perkins
    of that city began selling "Zenfendal" soon
  • The first reference to making wine from
    "Zinfindal" appears in John Fisk Allen's
    Practical Treatise in the Culture and Treatment
    of the Grape Vine (1847)
  • Prince and other nurserymen such as Frederick W.
    Macondray joined the California Gold Rush in the
    1850s, and took Zinfandel with them. When the
    vine known as "Black St. Peters" arrived in
    California, it was initially regarded as a
    distinct variety, but by the 1870s it was
    recognized as the same grape as Zinfandel.
  • Joseph W. Osborne may have made the first wine
    from Zinfandel in California. He planted
    Zinfandel from Macondray at his Oak Knoll
    vineyard just north of Napa, and his wine was
    much praised in 1857.

Cali History
  • By 1930, the wine industry had weakened due to
    the Great Depression and Prohibition
  • Thus, the end of Prohibition left a shortage of
    quality wine grapes, and Zinfandel sank into
    obscurity as most was blended into
    undistinguished fortified wines.
  • By the middle of the 20th century the origins of
    California Zinfandel had been forgotten.
  • In 1974 and 1981, American wine writers described
    it as "a California original, grown nowhere else"
    and "California's own red grape".
  • In 1972, Bob Trinchero of the Sutter Home Winery
    makes white zinfandel by accident. In 1975 he
    makes the style of white zin we know today

Major Zin Wine Regions
  • California
  • Zinfandel is grown on approximately 11 of
    California's vineyard land area.
  • Certain California regions are regarded as
    "exceptional" for Zinfandel, each with
    identifiable flavor characteristics.
  • Amador has a reputation for big, full-bodied
    Zinfandel. These extra-ripe Zinfandels have been
    called jammy, briary, and brambly, having aromas
    of sweet berries.
  • Although the Santa Cruz Mountains AVA in Santa
    Clara Valley produces Zinfandel from just 9 acres
    (3.64 hectares), the Zinfandel from that region
    is known for its complexity and depth.
  • Sonoma county has a Zinfandel-producing land area
    second only to that of San Joaquin County. The
    county contains the warm Dry Creek Valley AVA,
    known for its juicy Zinfandel with bright fruit,
    balanced acidity and notes of blackberry, anise
    and pepper. Dry Creek Valley produces Zinfandels
    in a variety of styles ranging from the
    high-alcohol Amador style to balanced, spicy
  • San Luis Obispo, particularly the Paso Robles AVA
    with its hot days and cool maritime evenings,
    produces Zinfandel known for being soft and
  • Napa produces Zinfandels described as plummy and
    intense, tasting of red berry fruits with cedar
    and vanilla. Zinfandels in Napa tend to be made
    in a claret style like red Bordeaux.
  • Mendocino County Zinfandels have been considered
    high quality, but they are less known because
    they are not heavily marketed.
  • Lodi has some of the oldest Zinfandel vines in
    California. While often used for White Zinfandel
    production, in the red style, Lodi Zinfandels
    have a reputation for being juicy and

  • Italy
  • Most Primitivo is grown in Puglia (Apulia)

Zin Viticulture and Winemaking
  • Early ripening with high sugar levels
  • Zinfandel vines are quite vigorous and grow best
    in climates that are warm but not too hot,
    because grapes may shrivel in hot weather.
  • Thin-skinned, grow in large, tight bunches that
    are sometimes prone to bunch rot.
  • Tendency for uneven pattern of ripening.
  • Has a predilection for American oak barrels.
    American oak is tannic and imparts spicy flavors
    laced with coconut overtones. These powerful,
    upfront flavors need a bold, brawny wine like
    Zinfandel as a foil.

Common Flavors
  • Raspberry
  • Black Raspberry
  • Blackberry
  • Raisins
  • Candied Fruit
  • Anise
  • Black Pepper
  • Bay Leaf
  • Cinnamon
  • Clove
  • Sandalwood
  • Nutmeg
  • Oak
  • Vanilla

  • Red berry fruits like raspberry predominate in
    wines from cooler areas, whereas blackberry,
    anise and pepper notes are more common in wines
    made in warmer areas and in wines made from the
    earlier-ripening Primitivo clone.