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Title: Joint%20Forces%20Training%20Base%20presentation%20to%20Society%20of%20American%20Military%20Engineers%20Homeland%20Security/Emergency%20Response%20Committee


1
Joint Forces Training Basepresentation to
Society of American Military EngineersHomeland
Security/Emergency Response Committee
  • Defense Support to Civilian Authorities (DSCA)
  • 13 December 2008

2
BG (R) James Combs, State Active Duty
  • Cdr, Joint Forces Training Base, Disaster
    Support Platform
  • California National Guard JTF Commander-
    California HLS Advisory Council
  • FEMA Region 1/1A Home Land Security Training
    Council
  • LA/LB Maritime Security Council

2
3
JOINT FORCES TRAINING BASE
  • Central Location
  • Available land and facilities (DSA)
  • Airfield/Hangar ramp space
  • Intermodal Transportation
  • Command Control(Joint Task Force)
  • Joint Reserve Intel Center
  • 9th Civil Support Team (WMD)
  • Home to HLS/HLD units (Guard - 40ID Army
    Reserve - 63 RRSC)
  • Office of Emergency Services (Southern
    California REOC)
  • Local LE and DHS training center
  • Secure Base (counter terrorism)
  • Expandable training facilities

4
Just the facts
  • The Los Alamitos Army Airfield
  • Only military airfield in Los Angeles or Orange
    Counties
  • Capable of handling nearly all military aircraft
  • Immediately available for HLS with 2 active
    runways (8K 5.9K) 7 taxiways
  • 250,000 JP8 Fuel with Refueling Capability
  • 1 million sq ft ramp space, all weather conditions

5
Strategic Location Roads, Air lanes sea
lanes/ports
Ontario
Orange County
Los Angeles County
3 Million people
10 Million people
March AFB (Military USAF)
LAX
Long Beach
Joint Force Training Base (Los Alamitos Army
Air Field)
John Wayne
Critical Ports
6
Disaster Support Centers Key Partners
S. CA Office of Emergency Services
  • Joint Reserve Intel Center

JTF Army Reserve
9th Civil Support Team (WMD)
Federal Aviation Administration
JTF Guard
FEMA (MED TM)
Agricultural Vector Control Center
7
The airfield supports wide verity of missions
  • Air operations approx 60,000 flights annually
  • Air Force One, HMX-1
  • Con Air flights
  • Counterdrug Border Security Task Forces
  • Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines, Coast Guard (Tng
    Ops)
  • Multiple homeland security state federal
    agencies
  • Federal/State/Local Law enforcement
  • USDA- CDFA (Medfly eradication)

8
Examples of ourCivil Support Missions
  • Hurricane/Typhoon
  • Wild Fires
  • Volcanic Eruption
  • Landslide
  • Earthquake
  • Flood
  • Tsunami/Tidal Wave
  • Meteor Impact
  • Tornado
  • Snowstorm
  • Drought
  • Chemical Incident
  • Biological Incident
  • Radiological Incident
  • Explosion
  • Oil Spill
  • Space Debris Impact
  • Epidemic
  • Animal Disease
  • Port Security
  • Postal Work Stoppage
  • Insurrection
  • Civil Disturbance
  • Mass Immigration
  • CBRN Training
  • Laboratory Support
  • Medical Support
  • Special Events
  • Civil Works Projects
  • Border Security
  • Counter Drug Operations
  • Critical Infrastructure Protection
  • Continuity of Operations
  • Counter Terrorism
  • State Funerals

9
Spectrum of Operations
DoDs 1 Priority
Unique Area ofResponsibility SpecializedCapabil
ities
Extraordinary Circumstances
Emergency Circumstances
Temporary Circumstances
Support
Civil
Execute OPLANS
CBRNE Incident Mgmt
Transnational Threats
Civil Disturbances
Disaster Relief
Special Events
9
10
Our most common missions
FIRE FIGHTING
EVACUATIONS
EMERGENCYSUPPLIES
Air/Sea RESCUE
11
The functions we bring
  • COMMAND AND CONTROL
  • WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION (CBRNE)
  • SECURITY
  • AVIATION / AIRLIFT
  • TRANSPORTATION
  • LOGISTICS
  • COMMUNICATIONS
  • ENGINEER
  • MEDICAL
  • MAINTENANCE

12
State Mission Tasking Sequence/Authority
Validates Requirement
Units mobilize
Disaster Declaration by Gov Schwarzenegger
Missions issued
Guard Joint Operations Center
13
Local Incidenthandled by the State
Incident occurs within the state
STATEGOVERNOR
STATE RESPONSE
LOCAL FIRST- RESPONDERS County EOC Sheriff
STATEOPS CENTER
STATE ASSETS
EMAC
14
The National Response Plan (Federal)
FEDERAL RESPONSE
LEAD FEDERAL AGENCY
STATE RESPONSE
REQUEST FOR ASSISTANCE
DOD RESPONSE
DHS
PRESIDENT
REQUEST FOR ASSISTANCE
STATEGOVERNOR
DEFENSECOORDINATINGOFFICER
STATEOPS CENTER
JOINT FIELDOFFICE
SUPPORT AS DIRECTED
15
Emergency Management Assistance Compact (EMAC)
  • All 50 States, California signed July 2005
  • Mutual aid from National Guard and all other
    State assets(National Guard Bureau has 340K
    assigned 220K potentially available for
    employment)
  • California requests assets, other States provide
    if available

16
Specialty Forces
Small Portable Exped- itionary Aero medical Rapid
Response Air Mobile Robust Medical Triage -
SPEARR -
Civil Support Team Two Existing Teams One Planned
Team - CST -
Tactical Command Post One for Each Venue Robust
Communications Package - TAC CP -
Special Operations Forces Army Special Forces Air
Guard Para rescue - SOF -
Explosive Ordinance Disposal Air Guard Teams Army
Guard Teams - EOD -
CBRNE Enhanced Response Force Package Decontamina
tion Medical Triage Security - CERFP-
17
Civil Support TeamWeapons of Mass Destruction
(WMD)
  • 22 Full-time soldiers
  • commanded by a
  • Lieutenant Colonel
  • Initial Response Team (IRT)
  • Command and Control (C2)
  • Communications
  • Survey
  • Decontamination (Technical)
  • Medical (Analytical)

18
Joint Forces Training Base (JFTB)
QUESTIONS?
19
State HQs Role in DSCA
  • Joint Force Headquarters (JFHQ) Sacramento
  • Joint Operations Center (JOC)
  • Manned 24/7
  • Monitors situation throughout California and
    surrounding states Area of Interest
  • Weather/river conditions
  • Earthquakes
  • Fires
  • Law Enforcement
  • Coordinates Military Support to OES
  • Coordinates CA National Guard support to Civil
    Authorities
  • Deliver Military Department capabilities (people
    equipment)

20
Command and Control
  • Forces assigned to a Joint Task Force (JTF) in
    support of the local Incident Commander
  • Requests for assistance from state and local
    agencies are received through Office of Emergency
    Services (EOC) to the JFHQ Joint Operations
    Center (JOC)
  • CNG forces remain under the command of The
    Governor
  • Authority under California Military and Veterans
    Code and United States Code (Title 32)
  • Deployed capabilities include Command and Control
    (C2) and support packages

21
Disaster Support Center (All Hazards)
  • A facility where relief and support resources
  • are received, staged and shipped to disaster
  • areas an advance command post (JTF) for
  • coordination of multi-agency response

22
2 Reason we may be calledEarthquake
17
Note US GS Data (1 JAN 05)
23
More reasons
Narco-Terrorism
Pandemics
Fire Floods
Homeland Security Targets
Gang Riot Issues
Global War On Terrorism
24
Hurricane Katrina change the way we interact
among agencies and challenged us to review our
procedures practice our skills
25
Information Gap
  • Validation
  • JFCOM VERTEX
  • JFCOM NR07-01/02
  • Hurricane Dean
  • TOPOFF 4
  • CA Wild Fires

(Intel drives ops in HLS)
DNI (Intel Community)
Domestic
DoD

DHS
GAP
Unity of Effort
International
DOJ (FBI)
9
25
26
J2/J6 NGB Operational Concept/Challenge
Links to HSIN (HLS Info Network) Common
Collaborative Tools
NGB
Combatant Commanders JOC/TNCC -Transformational
Network Coor Cell Interagency Partners
GAP
JIEE
ARNGOperationsCenter
ANGOperationsCenter
GAP
JOC/ JCCC
GIG Global Info Grid
GAP
JIEE
Links to WebEOC/HSIN Common Collaborative Tools
GUARDNet
Other StakeholdersOther JFHQ-State FEMA
Regional Ops Ctr FBIState-Level State
Agencies Others
State/Territory-Level
JFHQ-StateJOC/C4I Management
JISCC or Deployable Comm
GAP
JIEE
State/Territory EmergencyOperations Center (EOC)
GUARDNet
Joint Task Force(SAD or Title 10/32)
GAP
WebEOC
Other StakeholdersLocal EOCs Coord
Officers(SCO/FCO/DCO) FEMA/FBIIncident
Area Others
GAP
JISCC
HLD/DSCA Military Response
INCIDENT AREA
  • National Guard
  • Active Component
  • Other RCs

C2, Info Sharing, Collaboration,
and/or Coordination Requirements
JISCC
GAP
Incident Command System Mobile Incident Command
Post Civilian Emergency Responders
Active Duty Other RCs
Operational Process and IT Requirements
Federal Response Request
26
27
JFHQ / JTF J2 Solution J2 Information Sharing
Tool Box
UNCLASSIFIED
FBI
End State
News Reports
FBI Bulletins
Army Counter Intel Ctr
FBI Joint Terrorism Task Force/ Field
Intelligence Group
AF Office Spec Intel
NORTHCOM Dynamic Synch. Event Log
Homeland Security Information Network
USCG
State Interagency
Weather
Office Navel Intel
PULL (Daily)
NORTHCOM
PULL (Web)
JITF-Cbt Terror
Force Protection Not Intel
Provost Marshall
NGB
State Emergency Management Agency
JFHQ JOC
Intel
TSA Daily Report
PUSH (Daily)
PULL (Daily)
DHS Daily Situation Report
Law Enforcement Online
Situational Awareness
NGB INTUMS
PULL (Weekly)
JTF Commander
DHS
NORTHCOM
CIA
FBI
Supports JTF CCIRs / PIRs
NSA
National Counter Terror Ctr
UNCLASSIFIED
27
28
CSTs in action
29
HLS Approved Definitions
Homeland Security
Civil Support
Homeland Defense
  • Homeland Security The prevention, preemption,
    and deterrence of, and defense against,
    aggression targeted at U.S. territory,
    sovereignty, domestic population, and
    infrastructure as well as the management of the
    consequences of such aggression and other
    domestic emergencies.
  • - Homeland Defense The protection of U.S.
    territory, domestic population and critical
    infrastructure against military attacks emanating
    from outside the United States.
  • - Civil Support Department of Defense (DOD)
    support to US civil authorities for domestic
    emergencies, and for designated law enforcement
    and other activities.

30
Reception, Staging and Onward Integration (RSOI)
  • Function of receiving forces, Airhead operations,
    material handling
  • Provision of basic life support functions while
    they organize
  • Medical screening, immunizations
  • Equipment inspections, preparations, loading,
    Mission training, mandatory briefings.
  • Convoy routes and control, movement tracking

31
Information Sharing Imperatives with State and
Local Authorities
  • The National Guard must be able to effectively
    provide information to and receive information
    from the following partners / stakeholders
  • Governors Office and Executive Protection Unit
  • State Emergency Operations Center
  • All other state agencies and agency-specific EOCs
    and deployed field units (e.g., state police,
    transportation)
  • Local, regional and tribal EOCs and deployed
    field units (e.g. police/fire)
  • JTTFs , USCG port security and state / local
    intelligence fusion centers
  • Public/private hospitals, ALS/EMS and emergency
    care providers
  • Public/private owners and operators of critical
    infrastructure
  • Supporting/supported military/civilian responders
    from or in other states
  • Federal civilian agencies such as USCG, FEMA,
    FAA, DHHS, DOE, etc.
  • Federal military organizations such as NGB, US
    NORTHCOM, NORAD, Corps of Engineers,
    self-activating T10 units, etc.
  • Non-Governmental Organizations

31
32
Unique Environment
National Security Threats
Law Enforcement Threats
Not clearly military Not clearly law
enforcement Multi-Jurisdictional Policy
Geographic Boundaries Resources/Funding
Legal Aspects
Homeland Security
Homeland Defense
The National Guard
Law Enforcement
Military
32
33
NG Adjutants General Roles
33
34
NG and State EOC Locations
24 Operations Centers co-located
34
35
NG Information SharingDaily Operations
COCOM
NG COP
Shared Situational Understanding
Common Tactical Picture
UNCLASSIFIED
35
36
J2 Tool Box
NGA
NRO
CIA
LNOs
NSA
LNOs
LNO
DIA
DHS
NOC
JRICs
JIATFs
NGB JOC RFI Mgr
Analysts
FMSO
FBI HQs
COCOMS
FBI FIG
Analysts
HIDTAs
LNOs
JTFN
Direct Comms Coordination Org Coordination
NGB - Purple DOD - Green IC - Blue Interagency -
Gray
TAGs JFHQ-S JOCs
EPIC
BORFIC
CIP-MAA
CSTs
CERFP

Request for Information TTPs are defined in NGB
RFI CONOPS.
36
37
NGB J6 Operational Concept
  • JCCC
  • Extension of NGB J6
  • Joint organization
  • IT Common Operational Picture (COP)
  • Coordinate and assist the State with comm
    planning to support the Joint Task Force (JTF)
    -State

Geographic Combatant Commander
NGB JOC
Civil Support
  • Identification of comm resources for potential
    Emergency Management Assistance Compact (EMAC)
    consideration
  • Spectrum management assistance (fly-away
    teams)
  • Joint Enabling Team (JET) participation

JOC
Air
NG CE
SAD/T32
37
38
Specific JFTB Support Operations
  • 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake
  • 1992 Los Angeles Riots
  • 1994 Northridge Earthquake
  • 1998 Supply Staging for Hurricane Mitch
  • 2001 Bird Virus Tracking Center
  • 2005 Katrina response
  • 2007/8 Southern California Wildfires
  • response

39
NGB Recommendation SummaryWhat We Need the DSB
to DO
  • Recommend Services fund National Guard (JROC 2006
    NORTHCOM Equip the Guard and Reserve for the
    Mission IPL) 24/7/365 NGB JOC and JFHQ-S JOC
    capability in FY10 POM
  • Insure NORTHCOM includes the Common Operating
    Picture (NGCoP) requirement in its IPL
  • Recommend services fund capability in the FY10
    POM
  • Recommend OSD-HD create policy and advocacy and
    OSD-NII to include the need for a plan to develop
    a secure but unclassified Interagency system to
    allow Information Sharing for readiness
    reporting. Fund DDR.
  • Recommend NORTHCOM establish requirement for
    National Guard JFHQ-S, JWICS and FMV in their
    IPL. Services acknowledge and advocate
    contributions to domestic support mission in
    strategic plans and programming efforts.
  • Recommend OSD-HD assess every POM in Program
    Review process for domestic support requirements,
    funding and programmatic gaps

39
40
NGB Recommendation SummaryWhat We Need the DSB
to DO Continued
  • 4. Recommend that OSD-HD and OSD-NII
    create a joint working group with NGB to develop,
    finalize and advocate policies, procedures, and
    protocols for information sharing with
    State/Local authorities to allow for a more
    robust NGCoP
  • 5. Instruct Services to fully fund remaining
    National Guard JCCSE capabilities and sustainment
    in FY10 POM and identify them in all deliberative
    planning processes and documents
  • 6. Recommend NORTHCOM establish command-wide
    policy to move all day-to-day processes/functions
    to lowest network security domain possible (e.g.
    tasking systems)
  • 7. Recommend NORTHCOM establish a requirement
    for tactically deployable radios capable of
    operating in the civilian police and emergency
    responder spectrum as back-up for cellular system
    degrades and Services fund and field them in the
    National Guard in the FY10 POM

40
41
Need National Guard Common Operating Picture
(NGCOP) for Effective HLD/DCSA Role
  • Issue National Guard Needs a CoP for Information
    sharing HLD/DCSA communications critical to
    National Guard role
  • Facilitates and leverages the JFHQ-States C2
  • Provides Near-real-time (NRT) dissemination for
    critical information
  • Achieves shared situational understanding (SU)
  • Background Current Situational Awareness (SA)
    System Limits
  • Limited collection of common track databases
  • Limited shared operational graphics and mission
    information
  • Limited ability to provide incident area SA of
    the air, land, and maritime domains
  • Limited ability to facilitate Joint Operational
    Planning Process or Military Decision Making
  • Process (MDMP)
  • Solution Fully Develop National Guard Common
    Operating Picture as a data compilation from
    each JFHQ-State
  • Develop Policies and business rules, that
    regulate user access first
  • Develop a secure but unclassified Interagency
    system to allow Information Sharing (JCD/DRRS
    5.6 mil) to facilitate this timely info sharing

41
42
National Guard Common Operating Picture (NGCOP)
  • Issues Lack of Intel level secure systems,
    Architecture and Policy
  • Limited National Guard Joint Worldwide
    Intelligence Communication System (JWICS)
    capability at Joint Force Headquarters- State
    (JFHQ-S)
  • National Guard Full Motion Video (FMV)
    Architecture negatively impacts interoperability
    and the ability to share information
  • DoD policy to share DoD information
    (Unclass/Class) with State and Local authorities
  • Background Equipment shortfalls limit
    Situational Awareness and Understanding
  • Require increased JWICS access at state level
  • More robust FMV capability to conduct Defense
    Support to Civilian Authorities, Homeland
    Defense, and JFHQ-S operations
  • Needed to better facilitate the dissemination of
    critical information to the NGB and its HLD/DSCA
    mission partners to achieve shared situational
    understanding (SU)
  • Solution Resources and Policy
  • COCOM and Service recognize and fund NG JWICS/FMV
    requirements for JFHQ-S
  • Develop or adjust policies, procedures and
    protocols for sharing of information with State
    and Local authorities to allow for a more robust
    NGCOP

42
43
Work To be Done
  • Development of Domestic FMV Capability
  • Coordination across the Federal Interagency on
    FMV Standards
  • Ensure N-NC supports and allows NG FMV
    requirements in the Integrated Priority List
    (IPL)
  • Obtain validation of FMV CONOPS
  • Continue to influence HD/CS Capabilities Based
    Assessment (CBA) efforts through evolution of the
    FMV CONOPS
  • JWICS
  • Integrate Connection and Maintenance Fees into
    the DA POM
  • Validate Manpower Requirement
  • Information Sharing
  • Integrate Intelligence into DHS/USNORTHCOM/NGB IS
    Framework
  • Analysis of Bandwidth Requirements
  • Continue to engage DoD to ensure Defense Support
    of Civil Authorities/Homeland Defense information
    requirements captured in policy
  • Facilitate information sharing at the lowest
    classification level possible

43
44
NGB-J2 Recommendations for the DSB
  • Support the National Guard Need for JWICS/FMV
    requirements for ALL JFHQ-S
  • JFHQ-S requirement for secure communications at
    TS/SCI level
  • Broadcast Quality FMV with DoD Interoperability
  • Enhanced Bandwidth Domestically
  • Strongly support the need for changes to
    policies, procedures and protocols for sharing of
    information with State and Local authorities to
    allow for a more robust NGCOP

44
45
Enabling Integrated Homeland Defense/Civil
Support Information Sharing (IS)
  • ISSUE Requirement for Net-Centric-based IS
    capabilities integrating inter-agency operations
    at National-State-levels, to include any deployed
    location
  • BACKGROUND
  • USNORTHCOM NGB collaborated on requisite IS
    environment via Joint CONUS Communications
    Support Environment (JCCSE) construct
  • JCCSE-related initiatives (e.g., Joint Incident
    Site Communications Capability (JISCC), Joint
    Information Exchange Environment (JIEE), Joint C4
    Coordination Center (JCCC), Full Motion Video
    (FMV), etc) have filled many gaps
  • JCCSE capabilities supported by Net-Centric
    Command and Control (C2) Functional Capabilities
    Board (FCBs)/Joint Requirements Oversight Council
    (JROC) and mission partners
  • USNORTHCOM-NGB actions continue to mature
    objective JCCSE IS environment
  • SOLUTION Institutionalize JCCSE IS environment
    processes and related capabilities across
    Doctrine, Organization, Training, Materiel,
    Leadership, Personnel, and Facilities (DOTMLPF)
    to ensure support for total cost of ownership

45
46
NGB J6 Top Programs/Initiatives
  • Joint CONUS Communications Support Environment
    (JCCSE)
  • Concept Supported by Defense Science Board (DSB)
    2003 Summer Study Recommendations
  • JCCSE Strategic Advisory Board (JSAB)
  • Joint Incident Site Communications Capability
    (JISCC)
  • Joint Information Exchange Environment (JIEE)
  • Joint C4 Coordination Center (JCCC)
  • Information Sharing
  • DHS/DOD/USNORTHCOM/NGB Information Sharing
    Framework
  • DOD Information Sharing Strategy and
    Implementation Plan

46
47
J-6 Recommendations for the DSB
  • Support National Guard need for tactically
    deployable radios capable of civilian police
    and emergency responder spectrum
  • Recommend full study effort to determine current
    future needs for JFHQ-State IS requirements
    (Infrastructure DISN)
  • Recommend DoD Commit to Support JCCSE
    Capabilities
  • Teleport Gen III Requirements must Address CS
    Mission Needs
  • Tactical C4 architecture must be flexible to
    address CS Environment Ability to transition
    from State to Federal and back Doctrinal C4
    support
  • CS Missions must be assigned to NG organizations
    like their OCONUS Missions NGCE and JCCC
  • Determine overlaps in capabilities supporting CS
    and Stability Operations
  • Identify IA solutions to allow seamless IS with
    State/Local responders
  • Recommend day-to-day processes/functions move to
    lowest network security domain possible (e.g.
    tasking systems)
  • Change DoD IS Strategy and Implementation Plan to
    capture Federal- State requirements

47
48
Information Sharing Imperatives with State and
Local Authorities
  • The National Guard must be able to effectively
    provide information to and receive information
    from the following partners / stakeholders
  • Governors Office and Executive Protection Unit
  • State Emergency Operations Center
  • All other state agencies and agency-specific EOCs
    and deployed field units (e.g., state police,
    transportation)
  • Local, regional and tribal EOCs and deployed
    field units (e.g. police/fire)
  • JTTFs , USCG port security and state / local
    intelligence fusion centers
  • Public/private hospitals, ALS/EMS and emergency
    care providers
  • Public/private owners and operators of critical
    infrastructure
  • Supporting/supported military/civilian responders
    from or in other states
  • Federal civilian agencies such as USCG, FEMA,
    FAA, DHHS, DOE, etc.
  • Federal military organizations such as NGB, US
    NORTHCOM, NORAD, Corps of Engineers,
    self-activating T10 units, etc.
  • Non-Governmental Organizations

48
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