Egypt - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Mersa Matruh (the resort with good beaches, excellent reef diving and turquoise water) ... resort area, has beautiful crescent-shaped bay, rugged mountains, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Egypt

Chapter 8
  • Egypt

  • Country name Arab Republic of Egypt, Egypt
  • Capital Cairo
  • Location Northern Africa, bordering the
    Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza
    Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and
    includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula
  • Border countries Gaza Strip, Israel, Libya,

(No Transcript)
  • Government type republic
  • Population 74,718,797 (July 2003 est.). Most
    populated in the Arab world, and the second
    (after Nigeria) in Africa.
  • Languages Arabic (official), English and French
    widely understood by educated classes
  • Religions Muslim (mostly Sunni) 94, Coptic
    Christian and other 6
  • GDP per capita purchasing power parity -
    4,000 (2002 est.) (134th in the world)

  • Industries textiles, food processing, tourism,
    chemicals, hydrocarbons, construction, cement,
  • Currency Egyptian pound (EGP) (CIA, World Fact

Important Facts
  • One of the top destinations (with Saudi Arabia
    and United Arab Emirates) in Middle East
  • 4,9 million international tourist arrivals
  • 3,8 million international tourism receipts (the
    highest in the region) (WTO, 2003)
  • Coastline 2,450 km
  • Terrain vast desert plateau interrupted by Nile
    valley and delta

  • Climate desert hot, dry summers with moderate
    winters (CIA, World Fact Book). Egypt is
    dominated by sand and water. Nearly all Egypt is
    desert, except the area along the Nile River
    where 95 of the population live around.

Selling Points
  • The Pyramids and the Sphinx, the Valleys of the
    Kings and Queens, Cairo, ancient temples,
    museums, churches, casinos, Nile cruises, spas,
    desert culture and scuba diving.

Very Brief History
  • in 3050 BC, the first Pharaoh united Upper and
    Lower Egypt and started an empire legendary with
    its elaborate tombs, magnificent pyramids and
  • in AD 640, Arabs invaded Egypt
  • Ottomans, French and British invaded the country
    as well
  • in 1953, Egypt won its full independence

  • populated (9 million people live), polluted,
    beautiful, with traffic jam and world famous
  • Egyptian Museum (the prime attraction for
    tourists thousand year old mummies are displayed
    in oxygen-free cases the contents of the tomb of
    the Tutankhamen artifacts from the Greek and
    Roman periods)

  • Khan-el Khalili Bazaar (winding streets with
    shops and stalls and carts)
  • Mohammed Ali Mosque and Alabaster Mosque (fine
    examples of Islamic art and architecture)
  • some other attractions include
  • Museum of Islamic Art
  • casinos
  • a museum detailing the making of papyrus
  • the Coptic quarter (several million Egyptians are
    Coptic Christians)
  • the Opera

  • a suburb of Cairo
  • The Great Pyramids and the Sphinx are located
    here (though most photos make them appear that
    they are out in the desert, they are actually at
    the edge of Cairo)
  • The Great Pyramid (the biggest one 5000
    year-old built for Cheops built of 2,5 million
    blocks of stone its engineering still amazes)
  • The Sphinx (located just off to the side of the
    Great Pyramid mystery for scientists, since no
    one knows when or why it was built)

  • very close to Cairo
  • The Step Pyramid of Zoser (one other famous
    pyramid, much older than the Giza pyramids) and a
    number of interesting tombs (which has more
    impressive artwork compared to the Great Pyramid)
  • ruins of Memphis (once the largest and the most
    important city of Egypt has an imposing statue
    of Ramses II)

  • most important destination in Egypt
  • The Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the
    Queens (final resting places of ancient Egyptian
    royalty the tombs spread out over quite a large
  • The Colossi of Memnon( two enormous seating
    statues at the entrance of the valley)
  • The colors and the artwork on the walls are very

  • one of the best known tomb is the young
    Tutankhamen (discovered with its treasures
    contents are displayed in the Cairo Museum)
  • Temple of Luxor and the Temple of Karnak
    (incredibly impressive structures with statues
    and colonnades)

Abu Simbel
  • 3200 year-old temple
  • four huge statues of Pharaoh II facing the Nile
  • marvel of repeated engineering first it took
    25000 workers 25 years to carve it into a
    mountainside, then (due to the completion of the
    Aswan High Dam in 1960, it was in danger) stone
    by stone, it was moved to a higher ground where
    first a mountain similar to the one it was taken
    out had to be constructed (the international
    effort was headed by UNESCO)

  • beautiful atmosphere relaxed Mediterranean feel
  • more cosmopolitan than Cairo
  • Nice contrast with the ancient ruins
  • Greco-Roman Museum (the displayed items which are
    dated from 300 BC to AD 300 maybe considered
    modern by Egyptian standards)

  • a causeway leads from the city to the island of
    Pharos (once the site of the Great Lighthouse,
    one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World)
  • Mersa Matruh (the resort with good beaches,
    excellent reef diving and turquoise water)

  • fairly modern, pleasant city at the end of the
    rail in Upper Egypt
  • Two islands in the Nile are the main attractions
  • Elephantine (has two old authentic villages)
  • Kitcheners island (also called Botanic island,
    has tombs and attractive gardens)
  • Aswan High Dam

Nile Cruises
  • easiest way to see the major sites in Egypt
  • the cruises range from five-day felucca
    (sailboat) trips from Aswan to Luxor, to
    two-weeks luxury cruises from Cairo to Aswan
  • generally ships cruise between Luxor and Aswan
    the trip between Cairo and Luxor is a long one
    which may be boring

Red Sea Resorts
  • The resorts along the Red Sea, Gulf of Suez and
    Gulf of Aqada offer diving, snorkeling, fishing
    and desert scenery
  • Hurghada (one of the best established resort
    area, has beautiful crescent-shaped bay, rugged
    mountains, great beaches, offshore coral reef)
  • Sinai Peninsula
  • Sharm el Sheikh (year-round resort area, offers
    deluxe accommodations, and water sports

  • Taba (expensive resort on the Israeli border,
    offers eater sports, tennis, nightclubs)
  • Nuweiba (on the Gulf of Aqada, offers superb sand
    beaches and water sports)

The Sinai Desert
  • East of the Suez Canal
  • Much more beautiful than the Western Desert which
    covers most of Egypt
  • Its terrain is rugged and rocky with dunes
    reaching Mediterranean
  • Air and land tour are possible from Cairo and
    Eilat (the resort in Israel)

  • Mt Horeb (believed to be Mt Sinai where Moses
    received the Ten Commandments)
  • St Catherines Monastery (has a large library of
    early Christian manuscripts and relics built on
    the site of Moses burning bush)

Things to Remember
  • heat and the amount of walking required to see
    the important attractions in Egypt may be
    bothering. Carrying a bottle of water around
    would be a good idea.
  • traveling in a group may be much safer.