Archaeology - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Math allows the archaeologist to collect and interpret data. ... Let me tell you about how the archaeologists know precisely where they find artifacts. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Archaeology

  • By Zohaib

Basic facts
  • Archaeologists use small tools like brushes to
    excavate artifacts.

Digging into the past
  • An archaeology discovers the past through objects.

Digging Deeper
  • Did you now that everything used by people is an
    artifact EVEN YOUR TRASH!

Did you know?
  • Did you know that in Rome there is actually a
    place to look down and see the old city that used
    to be there! Wow archaeology is great!

But how do they dig?
  • They really use brushes and it takes hours to get
    only one or two artifacts.
  • What! didnt I tell you what an artifact is Well
    let me tell you what it is. It is an object that
    is used by people.
  • Can you think of one?

Math and Archaeology
  • Math allows the archaeologist to collect and
    interpret data. On site accurate measurements are
    necessary when setting up a grid system (a system
    which divides the site into numbered squares) and
    when measuring the exact location of finds so
    that they can be plotted on the site plan. In the
    lab, statistical math is used to study the finds,
    allowing the archaeologist to calculate artifact
    density (how many of each artifact type are found
    in each square), and the average size of
    artifacts. Dating methods such as radiocarbon
    dating and thermo luminescence dating are very
    complicated and require a high mathematical
  • Found

The Site
  • Let me tell you about how the archaeologists know
    precisely where they find artifacts. When they
    find artifacts they label it on a chart they make
    when they plan the site.

Archaeological Words
  • Context the circumstances or events that form
    the environment within which something exists or
    takes place.
  • Feature Land changed by someone.
  • Soil layers the levels of ground.
  • Excavate archaeology transitive and
    intransitive verb to dig in a place carefully and
    methodically, taking notes about procedures,
    conditions, and finds, with a view to uncovering
    objects of archeological interest
  • Midden in archaeology, refuse heap left at the
    site of a camp or village. Such heaps, often
    containing buried relics of industry and art.
  • Shard a sharp broken piece of glass or metal.
  • Stratification the layers of soil. how
    archaeologist tell how old an artifact is.
  • Artifact an object used or changed by man.
  • Coordinates each of a set of numbers that
    together describe the exact position of something
    such as a place on a map with reference to a set
    of axes.