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ABCs of Archaeology

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When people think of archaeologists going on a dig, they usually envision them ... Once an archaeologist finds a site and gets permission to excavate it, his or ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: ABCs of Archaeology


1
ABCs of Archaeology
2
What is it?
  • Archaeology is the scientific study of peoples of
    the past... their culture and their relationship
    with their environment. The purpose of
    archaeology is to understand how humans in the
    past interacted with their environment, and to
    preserve this history for present and future
    learning.

3
What it isnt
  • When people think of archaeologists going on a
    dig, they usually envision them digging up
    dinosaur bones. This is a common error that
    people have about archaeology. Archaeologists
    study past human life, not dinosaur life!

4
What do they do?
  • Like detectives - both investigate clues to look
    for answers to problems
  • Work at a dig site to gather data, and then spend
    the majority of their time in a lab analyzing
    this data.
  • Eventually write reports on their findings for
    other people to read about and learn from
  • requires a lot of patience and perseverance

http//www.poplarforest.org/archfldschool.htm
5
What do they do at a site?
  • Once an archaeologist finds a site and gets
    permission to excavate it, his or her work really
    begins!

http//www.poplarforest.org/ForKids/what_do_archae
ologists_do_field.htm
6
Archaeologists excavate for three kinds of
information.
7
Ecofacts
  • A naturally produced object found on an
    archaeological site, that gives us information
    about past environments..
  • Examples seeds, animal bones and soil.

www.cr.nps.gov/aad/AFORI/ howfig_intr.htm
8
Features
  • They look for evidence of things people made or
    did that can't be moved.
  • Examples

9
Artifacts
  • They look for evidence of the tools or other
    items that people made and that can be moved or
    carried.
  • Examples
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