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Teen Pregnancy Prevention and Parenting Programs


Serves Boulder County teen parents from pregnancy through the ... Teen ... survey factors contributing to Teen Pregnancy according to the stakeholders: ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Teen Pregnancy Prevention and Parenting Programs

Teen Pregnancy Prevention and Parenting Programs
  • Danielle Eaton

Healthy Teen Network (HTN)
  • National Nonprofit membership organization that
    provides resources, education, support, and
    advocacy to individuals and organizations working
    in the areas of teen pregnancy prevention, teen
    pregnancy, and teen parenting

Two Programs that HTN Replicates
  • Nurse-Family Partnership (NFP)
  • Plain Talk

Nurse-Family Partnership
  • Home visiting program for low income, first-time
  • Provides home visits by registered nurses that
    begin in the second trimester of pregnancy and
    continue on a regular basis until the child is
    two years old
  • NFP has a 20-year track record of success in
    terms of healthier births and a dramatically
    reduced incidence of child abuse and neglect
  • Has been successfully replicated in 300 counties
    in 22 states and reaches 15,000 young women each

Plain Talk
  • A neighborhood-based initiative aimed at helping
    adults, parents, and community leaders develop
    the skills and tools they need to communicate
    effectively with young people about reducing
    adolescent sexual risk-taking
  • Has been replicated in multiple communities
    across 8 states

  • Serves Boulder County teen parents from pregnancy
    through the childs third birthday
  • Goal promote healthy parenting practices within
    teen parent families in Boulder County
  • Services
  • Transportation to medical appointments
  • Re-entry into school/GED programs
  • Linkage to job training programs
  • Childbirth education classes
  • Maternity and child clothing and other baby items
  • Counseling and support
  • Education on pregnancy and parenting
  • Assistance with family planning
  • Referral and linkage to community resources
  • Peer group activities
  • Other Services Home-Based Contraception Program

Home-Based Contraception Program
  • The HBC Program registered nurse
  • provides follow-up and support on contraceptive
  • Information on sexually transmitted infections
  • Reinforces GENESIS messages regarding the
    importance of spacing births by at least 2 years
  • In 2005 there were no clients who participated in
    the HBC Program that experienced a subsequent
    birth within 2 years of the birth of their first

Programs for Pregnant and Parenting Teens in
  • Healthy Families Home Visiting Program
  • Provides services for all firs-time parents in
    Massachusetts under 20
  • Trained home visitors build relationships with
    new parents, provide child development
    information and connect families with community
  • Young Parent Support Program (YPS)
  • Licensed social workers and nurses provide
    support, parenting education and counseling to
    pregnant and parenting teens
  • Teen Living Programs (YPP)
  • Homes for teen parents and their children who
    have no other safe place to live in order to meet
    the TAFDC living arrangement requirement
  • Young Parents Program (YPP)
  • Programs for teen parents who are receiving TAFDC
    and who have not completed high school
  • Offer education that can lead to a GED or high
    school diploma as well as job skills training and
    help with placement into a job, work program,
    skills training or higher education
  • Teen Parent Child Care (TPCC)
  • Special child care programs for children of teen
  • Offer child care for your child and support
    services to you while you finish high school,
    work, higher education or training programs

Teenage Parenting Program (TAPP)
  • Provides comprehensive case management services
    for any pregnant and parenting teen (up to age 19
    for females and 21 for males), their children,
    and families
  • Comprised of 2 programs
  • The Adolescent Family Life Program (AFLP)
  • Cal-Learn

Adolescent Family Life Program
  • A free, voluntary program where case managers
    provide assessment, advocacy, appropriate
    guidance, support, referrals, and assistance in
    accessing and utilizing needed resources and

  • A compulsory, incentive/disincentive case
    management program for pregnant/parenting teens,
    ages 18 and under who are recipients of Cal-Works
    grant assistance
  • School attendance and progress towards graduation
    are mandated, monitored and rewarded
  • Reimbursement for child-care, transportation
    expenses and school supplies are provided to
    support the parenting teens attendance in school
  • Case managers assist parenting teens in obtaining
    educational goals, exploring career options and
    life goals, and connecting them to employment

Parent to Parent
  • A program designed to assist parents of newborns
  • Volunteers offer parents support, information and
    encouragement during the first months of the
    babys life
  • The volunteer is there to help find answers to
    important parenting questions, locate community
    resources, listen to concerns, and chare in the
    joy of a new child

The Teen Pregnancy Prevention 2000 Initiative
  • What is it?
  • A 5 year demonstration project that lasted
    between 1993 and 1998 in Colorado
  • The TPPI expended 7.7 million over 5 years
    within 5 grantee communities
  • The Colorado Trust permitted to choose the types
    of programs they wanted to adopt to address teen
  • Each community was also provided 50,000 from the
    Colorado Trust per year over 4 years to implement
    its proposed projects

Goals of the TPPI
  • Community settings need to be supportive of the
    needs of families and youth
  • Strengthening families is an important
    concomitant of helping youth
  • Communities can offer a positive vision for youth
    that in turn will encourage healthy decision
    making, empowerment, and hope for the future
  • While each community shared common visions, they
    each also developed an individualized plan with
    different target goals and objectives
  • Most goals and objectives focused on
    community-level awareness building and resource

The Five Communities
  • Arvada
  • Aurora
  • Colorado Springs
  • Delta-Montrose
  • West Denver

Survey Conducted the Second Year of the Project
  • 234 surveys were mailed
  • 57.6 were returned
  • Results from the survey factors contributing to
    Teen Pregnancy according to the stakeholders
  • Dropping out of school (96)
  • Alcohol (96)
  • Self-esteem (95)
  • Sexual Abuse (92)
  • Hopeless Future (91)
  • Economics/Poverty (88)
  • Family History (88)
  • Teens Denial (77)
  • Adults Denial (71)
  • Lack of knowledge regarding pregnancy risks (61)
  • Welfare (59)
  • Lack of Morals (55)
  • Contraceptive Unavailability (54)

Focus Groups Held During Third Year
  • Confirmed need for additional youth- and family-
    centered recreation programs
  • Including recreation, sports, family oriented
    programs, and parenting classes

Was TPPI a Success as a Teen Pregnancy Prevention
  • Age-specific fertility rates declined in each of
    the TPPI project areas
  • Few programs, however, were prolonged or
    extensive enough to produce community-level
    changes in age-specific fertility rates
  • Some programs have reported success in reducing
    the second pregnancy rates
  • Changes in the community setting in which teen
    pregnancy occurs will ultimately have an effect
    on the prevention of teen pregnancy
  • Many community-level efforts place emphasis on
    creating greater awareness and understanding of
    teen pregnancy as a top priority

Challenges and Suggestions
  • Challenges
  • Finding a noncontroversial middle ground from
    which to work
  • How teen pregnancy should be approached
  • What are the most effective strategies to be used
  • Suggestions
  • Continue in the same programmatic areas
    education, resource development, and increasing
    community involvement and dialogue

  • The strategy used in the TPPI Project is one
  • Is currently recommended by the National Campaign
    to Prevent Teen Pregnancy
  • Is part of the Centers for Disease Control and
    Preventions Community Coalition Partnership
    Program for the Prevention of Teen Pregnancy

What I Learned
  • Teen pregnancy approaches need to be long term
  • Community awareness, resource development, and
    collaboration/networking are all important
    factors to remember for successful teen pregnancy
    prevention and parenting programs

  • Drisko, J. G., Gallagher, K.M. (2003). The Teen
    Pregnancy Prevention 2000 Initiative. London
    Sage Publications.
  • http//www.healthyteennetwork.org
  • http//www.co.boulder.co.us/health/commhlth/genesi
  • http//www.massteenpregnancy.org/parenting/program
  • http//www.sbcphd.org/family/tapp.html
  • http//www.cswnet.combwhitled/prof/centers/teenpp
  • http//www.cswnet.combwhitled/prof/centers/teepp/
    ymdhftpp.ht ml
  • http//www.fccouncil.net/programs.htm
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