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The History of St. Patrick's Day

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St. Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland, is one of Christianity's most widely known figures. ... parade took place not in Ireland, but in the United States. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The History of St. Patrick's Day


1
The History of St. Patrick's Day
2
Who was St. Patrick?
  • St. Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland, is one
    of Christianity's most widely known figures. But
    for all his celebrity, his life remains somewhat
    of a mystery.
  • It is known that St. Patrick was born in Britain
    to wealthy parents near the end of the fourth
    century. He is believed to have died on March 17,
    around 460 A.D.
  • At the age of sixteen, Patrick was taken prisoner
    by a group of Irish raiders who were attacking
    his family's estate. They transported him to
    Ireland where he spent six years in captivity.

3
Who was St. Patrick?
  • After more than six years as a prisoner,
    Patrick escaped. According to his writing,
    a voice-which he believed to be God's-spoke
    to him in a dream, telling him it was
    time to leave Ireland.
  • Soon after, Patrick began religious training,
    a course of study that lasted more than
    fifteen years. After his ordination as a
    priest, he was sent to Ireland with a dual
    mission-to minister to Christians already living
    in Ireland and to begin to convert the Irish.
  • Familiar with the Irish language and culture,
    Patrick chose to incorporate traditional ritual
    into his lessons of Christianity instead of
    attempting to eradicate native Irish beliefs. For
    instance, he used bonfires to celebrate Easter
    since the Irish were used to honoring their gods
    with fire. He also superimposed a sun, a powerful
    Irish symbol, onto the Christian cross to create
    what is now called a Celtic cross, so that
    veneration of the symbol would seem more natural
    to the Irish.

4
History of the Holiday
  • St. Patrick's Day is celebrated on March 17, his
    religious feast day and the anniversary of his
    death in the fifth century. The Irish have
    observed this day as a religious holiday for
    thousands of years.
  • On St. Patrick's Day, which falls during the
    Christian season of Lent, Irish families would
    traditionally attend church in the morning and
    celebrate in the afternoon. Lenten prohibitions
    against the consumption of meat were waived and
    people would dance, drink, and feaston the
    traditional meal of Irish bacon and cabbage.
  • The first St. Patrick's Day parade took place
    not in Ireland, but in the United States. Irish
    soldiers serving in the English military marched
    through New York City on March 17, 1762. Along
    with their music, the parade helped the soldiers
    to reconnect with their Irish roots, as well as
    fellow Irishmen serving in the English army.

5
History of the Holiday
  • Today, St. Patrick's Day is celebrated by people
    of all backgrounds in the United States, Canada,
    and Australia. Although North America is home to
    the largest productions, St. Patrick's Day has
    been celebrated in other locations far from
    Ireland, including Japan, Singapore, and Russia.
  • In modern-day Ireland, St. Patrick's Day has
    traditionally been a religious occasion. In fact,
    up until the 1970s, Irish laws mandated that pubs
    be closed on March 17. Beginning in 1995,
    however, the Irish government began a national
    campaign to use St. Patrick's Day as an
    opportunity to drive tourism and showcase Ireland
    to the rest of the world. Last year, close to one
    million people took part in Ireland 's St.
    Patrick's Festival in Dublin, a multi-day
    celebration featuring parades, concerts, outdoor
    theater productions, and fireworks shows.

6
The Leprechaun
  • The original Irish name for these figures of
    folklore is "lobaircin," meaning "small-bodied
    fellow.
  • Belief in leprechauns probably stems from Celtic
    belief in fairies, tiny men and women who could
    use their magical powers to serve good or evil.
    In Celtic folktales, leprechauns were cranky
    souls, responsible for mending the shoes of the
    other fairies. Though only minor figures in
    Celtic folklore, leprechauns were known for their
    trickery, which they often used to protect their
    much-fabled treasure.
  • Leprechauns had nothing to do with St. Patrick or
    the celebration of St. Patrick's Day, a Catholic
    holy day. In 1959, Walt Disney released a film
    called Darby O'Gill the Little People, which
    introduced America to a very different sort of
    leprechaun than the cantankerous little man of
    Irish folklore. This cheerful, friendly
    leprechaun is a purely American invention, but
    has quickly evolved into an easily recognizable
    symbol of both St. Patrick's Day and Ireland in
    general.

7
The Shamrock
  • In fact the first written mention of this story
    did not appear until nearly a thousand years
    after Patrick's death.
  • The shamrock, which was also called the "seamroy"
    by the Celts, was a sacred plant in ancient
    Ireland because it symbolized the rebirth of
    spring. By the seventeenth century, the shamrock
    had become a symbol of emerging Irish
    nationalism. As the English began to seize Irish
    land and make laws against the use of the Irish
    language and the practice of Catholicism, many
    Irish began to wear the shamrock as a symbol of
    their pride in their heritage and their
    displeasure with English rule.

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Sources
  • http//media.lansingcurrent.com/img/photos/2006/03
    /29/fourwheeler_t450.gif
  • http//www.ewtn.com/art/saints/St_Patrick1.jpg
  • http//ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/Irish_Air
    es/duncan1.jpg
  • http//www.thebestkidsbooksite.com/clipart/leprech
    aun1.jpg
  • http//www.history.com/minisite.do?content_typemi
    ni_homemini_id1082
  • http//www.sillyjokes.co.uk/images/party/decoratio
    ns/st-patrics/shamrock-layered-cutout.jpg

13
Note
I put this board up for March, and also, using
the history.com (http//www.history.com/minisite.d
o?content_typemini_homemini_id1082) source.
I attached a quiz to the board, and offered
incentive rewards to my residents if they
completed it. I also attached small Do You
Know Facts to the board!Happy St. Pattys
Day!!!!
14
Submitted By Timothy FrostResident
AssistantKeene State College
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