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Child and Adolescent Nutrition

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... Supplemental Food Program (CSFP) Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program ... Child Nutrition Programs. Child and Adult Care. Emergency Food Assistance ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Child and Adolescent Nutrition


1
Child and Adolescent Nutrition
  • FCS 3151
  • M. Burns

2
Healthy Eating Index
  • A summary measure of the quality of ones diet.
  • Compares diet to FGP and Dietary Guidelines for
    Americans
  • Factors in total fat, saturated fat, cholesterol,
    sodium
  • www.cnpp.usda.gov

3
Healthy Eating Index
4
Influencing Factors on Diet
  • Environment of food consumption
  • Lessening number of family meals
  • Increased take out due to faster lines
  • Lifestyle choices
  • Television
  • Convenience and peer influence
  • Advertising and marketing efforts

5
Healthy People 2010 Children
  • Reduce prevalence of iron deficiency among young
    children (1-2 y/o target 5, current 7)
  • Reduce growth retardation among low-income
    children aged 5 and younger (target 5, current
    8)
  • Increase the proportion of persons aged 2 who
    consume less than 10 calories from saturated fat
    (75, 23-27)
  • Increase the proportion of persons aged 2 who
    consumer no more than 30 calories from total fat
    (75, 30-36)

6
Healthy People 2010 Adolescents
  • Reduce the proportion of children and adolescents
    who are overweight or obese (5, 16)
  • Increase the proportion of adolescents who engage
    in moderate physical activity for at least 30
    minutes on 5 or more of the previous 7 days (35,
    26)
  • Increase the proportion of adolescents who engage
    in vigorous physical activity that promotes
    cardiorespiratory fitness 3 or more days per week
    for 20 minutes (85, 65)
  • Increase the proportion of adolescents who
    participate in daily school physical education
    (50, 32)

7
Nutrition-related Problems
  • Undernutrition/Growth Retardation
  • Iron deficiency
  • Blood lead level
  • Dental caries
  • High blood cholesterol
  • Eating disorder
  • Overweight and obesity

8
Childhood Obesity
  • Overweight vs at risk for overweight
  • Potential causes
  • Possible complications
  • Necessary actions

9
Children with Special Needs
  • Limited ability to participate in school, play,
    and social activities
  • Require interdisciplinary evaluation including
    dietary and medical histories, anthropometric
    measurements, clinical and feeding assessments
  • Education of the Handicapped Act Amendments
    (PL99-457) in 1986

10
Assistance Programs - USDA
  • Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women,
    Infants, and Children (WIC)
  • WIC Farmers Market Nutrition Program (FMNP)
  • Food Stamps (FSP)
  • Commodity Supplemental Food Program (CSFP)
  • Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program
    (EFNEP)

11
Other USDA Assistance Programs
  • Child Nutrition Programs
  • Child and Adult Care
  • Emergency Food Assistance
  • Homeless Children Nutrition
  • Soup Kitchens
  • Food Pantries

12
Assistance Programs - DHHS
  • Title V Maternal and Child Health Program
  • Medicaid and Early Periodic Screening,
    Diagnostic, and Treatment (EPSDT)
  • Community Health Centers
  • Healthy Start Program

13
Focus on Child Nutrition Programs (CNP)
  • National School Lunch Program
  • School Breakfast Program
  • After-school snack Program
  • Special Milk Program
  • Summer Food Service Program

14
Focus on CNP History
  • Agricultural Act of 1933
  • Fund to purchase surplus agricultural commodities
  • National School Lunch Act in 1946
  • Established the NSLP

15
  • Child Nutrition Act in 1966
  • Established the pilot SBP (1975 full approval)
  • Expanded special milk program
  • Special Food Service for Children Program in 1968
  • Established the summer food service program

16
  • Healthy Meals for Healthy Americans Act (Public
    Law 103-448)
  • Meals must be in compliance with the Dietary
    Guidelines

17
Focus on CNP NSLP
18
Focus on CNP SBP
19
Focus on CNP NSLP Pattern
20
Focus on CNP SBP Pattern
21
Focus on CNP Barriers to Participation
22
Nutrition Education Programming
  • Private sector
  • Public sector

23
Eat Smart. Play Hard.
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