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Title:

Diet and diabetes

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Prevention and management of short-term and long-term ... Savoury snacks. Lard. Hard vegetable fat. MONO- UNSATURATED. Olive oil. Rapeseed oil. Groundnut oil ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Diet and diabetes


1
Diet and diabetes
2
Reasons for diet
  • Weight control
  • Blood glucose control
  • Prevention and management of short-term and
    long-term complications of diabetes

3
Dietary recommendations for diabetes
  • Eat starchy foods regularly
  • Eat more fruit and vegetables
  • Reduce animal or saturated fat
  • Cut down on sugar
  • Reduce salt

4
Balancing food choices
5
Eat starchy foods regularly
  • Bread
  • Potatoes
  • Rice
  • Pasta
  • Cereals
  • Plantain
  • Chapatis

6
Eat more fruit and vegetables
  • Fresh
  • Frozen
  • Tinned
  • Dried
  • Juice

7
Choose more high fibre foods
  • To help maintain blood glucose levels and
    cholesterol levels
  • Fruit
  • Vegetables
  • Pulses
  • Oats
  • Helps to maintain a healthy gut
  • Wholegrain cereals
  • Wholemeal bread
  • Wholewheat pasta
  • Brown rice

8
Reduce animal or saturated fat intake
  • Use low fat milk
  • Use low fat spread instead of butter
  • Use oil high in unsaturated fat, eg olive oil,
    rapeseed oil

9
Use less fat in cooking
  • Grill
  • Dry-roast
  • Microwave
  • Steam

10
Choose the right sort of fat
  • SATURATED
  • Full fat dairy produce (eg cheese, butter, full
    cream milk)
  • Pies
  • Biscuits
  • Savoury snacks
  • Lard
  • Hard vegetable fat
  • MONO- UNSATURATED
  • Olive oil
  • Rapeseed oil
  • Groundnut oil
  • POLY- UNSATURATED
  • Sunflower oil (products)
  • Oily fish

11
Cut down on sugary foods
  • Not a sugar free diet
  • Cut out sweets
  • Cut out sugary drinks

12
Choose low sugar products
  • Use diet or low calorie, sugar free drinks

13
Intense sweeteners
  • Tablet
  • Liquid
  • Granulated

14
Avoid diabetic products
  • Cost
  • Laxative effects
  • Focus on sugar free
  • Still raise blood glucose levels
  • Still contain same calories

15
Reduce salt intake
  • Cut down on added salt
  • Use alternative seasonings
  • Look out for reduced/low sodium foods, eg bread
  • Avoid salt substitutes

16
Eat regular meals based on carbohydrate
Breakfast
17
Lunch or snack meal
18
Main meal
19
Weight management and diabetes
20
Be more active
21
Slimming tips
  • Be realistic about your target weight
  • Aim to lose weight gradually
  • Eat regular meals
  • Make small changes you can stick to

22
Drink alcohol in moderation
Thats 2 units a
day for women 3 units a day for men

23
How many units in your drink?


  • units
  • 1 pint premium strength lager or cider
    3
  • 1 pint average strength lager
    2.8
  • 1 pint average strength cider
    2.6
  • 1 pint bitter
    2.3
  • 1 pint stout
    2.3
  • Medium glass (175mls)white or red wine
    2.3
  • Large glass (250mls) white or red wine
    3.3
  • Pub measure (25mls) spirit
    1

24
For more information on diabetes0800 585 088
25
  • Diabetes UK Careline
  • 0845 120 2960
  • Monday to Friday
  • 9am to 5pm
  • Recorded diabetes information 24hours/day
  • Website - www.diabetes.org.uk
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