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Breeds of Livestock Dairy Beef Swine Sheep

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Title: Breeds of Livestock Dairy Beef Swine Sheep


1
Breeds of Livestock Dairy Beef Swine - Sheep
2
Breeds of Dairy Cattle
3
Ayrshire
  • Developed in Scotland
  • Came to U.S. in 1822
  • Cows weigh 1200 lbs.
  • Ranks 3rd in milk production

4
Brown Swiss
  • One of the oldest dairy breeds
  • Originated in Switzerland
  • Came to U.S. in 1869
  • 2nd in average milk production
  • Cows weigh 1500lbs.

5
Guernsey
  • Originated on island of Guernsey off the coast of
    France
  • Brought to U.S. in 1831
  • Fourth in milk production
  • Produces a golden colored milk
  • Cows weigh 1100 lbs.

6
Holstein-Friesian
  • Developed in the Netherlands
  • Came to U.S. in 1852
  • 90 of all dairy cattle in the U.S. are Holstein
  • Largest of all dairy cattle - 1500 lb. cows
  • First in milk production

7
Jersey
  • Came from island of Jersey off cost of France
  • First came to U.S. in 1815
  • Lowest in milk production, highest in butterfat
  • Smallest dairy breed
  • Cows weigh around1000 lbs.

8
Milking Shorthorn
  • One of the oldest recognized breeds in the world,
    a segment of the Shorthorn breed
  • Originated in northeastern England
  • Came to U.S. (Va.) in 1783
  • Provided milk, meat, and transportation to
    pioneers
  • Red, red white, white, or roan in color

9
Beef Cattle Breeds
10
Angus
  • Developed in Scotland
  • Came to U.S. in 1873
  • No.1 in numbers of registered animals
  • Always polled
  • There is a Red Angus breed

11
Brahman
  • Developed in U.S. between 1854-1926
  • Brood stock came from India
  • Used in cross-breeding programs
  • Large hump on back and loose skin
  • They have a high heat tolerance

12
Charolais
  • One of the oldest breeds
  • Originated in France
  • Came to U.S. in 1936 from Mexico
  • Very large cows up to 1800 lbs.
  • Used in many cross- breeding programs

13
Chianina
  • Developed in Italy
  • Came to U.S. in 1971
  • Used in cross-breeding programs
  • They have black skin and white hair
  • Largest breed of cattle. Cows up to 2400 lbs.

14
Gelbvieh
  • Originated in Bavaria, southern Germany
  • Developed during late 18th century
  • Introduced to U.S. in 1971
  • Red in color
  • Known for calving ease, mothering ability and
    calf growth

15
Hereford
  • Developed in England.
  • Came to U.S. in 1830s - Henry Clay
  • More Herefords registered than any other breed.
  • Easy breed to handle
  • White color is always dominate.

16
Limousin
  • Developed in France
  • Semen shipped to Canada in 1968
  • Very wide horns
  • Meat is very lean

17
Polled Hereford
  • Developed in Iowa in 1901
  • Same as Hereford breed except no horns

18
Red Angus
  • Same genetics as Angus, except red color
  • Were registered with Black Angus herdbooks until
    1917
  • Red Angus Assoc. of America formed in 1954

19
Shorthorn and Polled Shorthorn
  • Developed in England about 1600
  • Came to Va. in 1783
  • Originally a dual purpose breed
  • Red, white or roan in color
  • Are good mothers

20
Simmental
  • Developed in Switzerland
  • Came to U.S. in 1969
  • Has no color requirement
  • Large and docile

21
Texas Longhorn
  • Developed from Spanish cattle, brought to new
    world by Columbus
  • Roamed free in the southwest until after the
    Civil War
  • Was replaced by new breeds in 1880s
  • Numbers are increasing

22
Scotch Highland
  • Oldest registered breed of cattle
  • Disease resistant, lashes protect eyes from
    insects
  • Long horns
  • Even temperament
  • Requires little shelter of feed supplements
  • From Scottish Highlands, raised from Alaska to
    Texas

23
Belted Galloway
  • Distinctive white belt
  • Brought to Pennsylvania in 1959

24
Icelandic
  • Found in Iceland
  • Originated in Norway, brought in during
    settlement of Iceland in 10th century
  • Selected for milking and protein percentage in
    milk.

25
Gir
  • Zebu breed from India
  • Long ears
  • Long horns that sweep back and spiral
  • Used in the development of the Brahman

26
Indo-Brazilian
  • Zebu breed developed in Brazil from 1910 - 1930
  • Originated from the Gir breed
  • Taller and lighter muscled than the Brahman
  • White to dark grey
  • Very large ears

27
Beef Cross Breeds
28
Santa Gertrudis
  • Developed on King Ranch in Texas
  • 3/8 Brahman and 5/8 Shorthorn cross
  • Red or cherry red in color
  • They have loose folds of skin
  • Hair grows short in hot weather and long in cold

29
Beefmaster
  • Developed on Lasiter Ranch in Texas from
    1908-1930
  • Brahman-Hereford crossed with Brahman-Shorthorn
  • Bred for six essentials weight, conformation,
    milking ability, fertility, hardiness, and
    disposition

30
Droughtmaster
  • Developed in northern Australia
  • 1/2 Brahman x 1/2 Shorthorn
  • Red color, honey golden to dark red
  • Lean carcass
  • Tick and heat resistant
  • Calving ease, good temperament

31
Brangus
  • 3/8 Brahman, 5/8 Angus
  • Solid black and polled
  • Calves heavier at birth and weaning than Angus
  • Resistant to heat and humidity
  • Produce more hair in cool climates

32
Other Cross Breeds
  • Charbray
  • Braford
  • Brahmousin
  • Gelbray
  • Red Brangus

33
Breeds of Swine
34
American Landrace
  • Developed around 1895
  • Long body length
  • Ears large and drooping
  • Sows noted for good milk production

35
Berkshire
  • Developed in England
  • Came to U.S. in 1823
  • Medium size hog
  • Erect ears, short snout
  • 6 white points

36
Chester White
  • Developed in PA.
  • Drooped ears
  • Known for mothering ability

37
Duroc
  • Developed in eastern U.S.
  • Drooped ears
  • Red in color
  • One of the most popular breeds in U.S.

38
Hampshire
  • Developed in England
  • Erect ears
  • White band circling the body
  • Know for lean meat

39
Poland China
  • Developed in Ohio
  • Black with six white points
  • Drooping ears
  • One of the larger breeds of hogs
  • Used in cross breeding programs

40
Spotted Breed
  • Developed in Indiana
  • At least 20 of body must be either black or
    white
  • First known as the Spotted Poland China

41
Tamworth
  • Originated in England
  • Brought to U.S. in 1882
  • Red in color
  • Lean meat
  • Excellent mothering ability

42
Yorkshire
  • Developed in England
  • Came to U.S. in 1800s
  • Erect ears
  • Sometimes has black freckles

43
Vietnamese Potbelly
  • Developed from a dwarf swine breed from Vietnam
    in the 1960s
  • Brought to U.S from Canada in 1986
  • Full grown potbellied pigs weigh an average of
    70-150 lb.
  • Utilized as a pet

44
Breeds of Sheep
45
Cheviot
  • Originally from England
  • Small and blocky
  • White face and legs

46
Hampshire
  • Developed in England
  • Large in size, blocky type
  • Breed is polled
  • One of the most popular breeds

47
Suffolk
  • Developed in England
  • Came to U.S. in 1888
  • Has no wool on head or legs
  • Know for production of market lambs
  • Ranks 1st in U.S. sheep population

48
Southdown
  • One of the oldest breeds
  • Developed in England
  • Small and blocky
  • Slow growth

49
Corriedale
  • Developed in New Zealand
  • Came to U.S. in 1914
  • First used in western states
  • Breed is polled

50
Dorset
  • Brought to Oregon by ship in 1860
  • White in color
  • Medium size
  • Both polled and horned varieties exist
  • Second largest breed in total numbers in the U.S.
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