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Japanese and ASEAN GHS Implementation

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Title: Japanese and ASEAN GHS Implementation


1
Japanese and ASEAN GHS Implementation
The Wercs 2009 Global User Group Albany, New
York
  • Hiroshi SANO
  • Technical Consultant
  • Japan Chemical Database Ltd.

2
  • 1. GHS Implementation in Japan
  • 2. GHS Implementation in East Asia
  • 3. GHS Implementation in ASEAN Countries
  • 4. Building block approach and
  • cut-off value/concentration limits
  • in the world

3
1. GHS Implementation in Japan
  • 1-1. Activities for GHS
  • implementation in Japan
  • 1-2. GHS Model Classification
  • Project
  • 1-3. Revision of Industrial
  • Safety and Health Law
  • 1-4. Supporting tools for GHS
  • implementation
  • 1-5. Review on GHS implementation in Japan
  • 1-6. GHS implementation, from now on

4
1-1. Activities for GHS implementation in Japan
5
Industry
  • Government

Inter-ministerial committee
JCIA Japanese Standards Association
Translation of UN Recommendation on GHS
Revision of MSDS JIS Z 7250-2005 Issue of
Labelling JIS Z 7251-2006
(1st Ver. Mar. 2004) (1st Rev. Mar. 2006) (2nd
Rev. Mar. 2008)
JCIA
GHS Classification Manual Technical guidance for
Classification
Guidelines for Classification, Labelling, and
Preparation of MSDS
(April, 2005)
(March, 2006)
Model Classification of Regulated Chemicals
Companies
(May, 2005 June, 2006)
Ministry of Health, Labour Welfare
GHS Classification of Products (single
substances mixtures)
Amendment of Industrial Safety Health Law
(Effective in December, 2006)
Preparation Announcement of Model MSDS
(July, 2006)
JCIA Japanese Standards Association
GHS Classification JIS (Z 7252 - 2009)
Seminars on Preparation of SDS for Mixtures
(by June, 2009)
(December, 2005 June, 2006)
JCIA
METI, MHLW, MoE
Work out GHS Classification standard set of
Building block approach policy, and
selection of Concentration limit
GHS Classification Guidance
(by June, 2009)
(March, 2008)
6
Inter-Ministerial Committee on GHS (2001 - )
  • ltMembergt
  • Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA),
  • Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communication
    (MIC),
  • Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (MHLW),
  • Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
    (MAFF),
  • Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry
    (METI),
  • Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport
    (MLIT),
  • Ministry of Environment (MoE),
  • ltObservergt
  • Experts
  • Japan Chemical Industry association (JCIA)

Technical experts group of Inter- Ministerial
Committee on GHS
ltMembergt Experts from Universities,
National/public laboratories and Industries.
6
7
  • Translation of GHS Recommendation Text into
    Japanese
  • Supervised by the Inter-Ministerial Committee
    on GHS

Available from the web-site of MHLW
http//www.mhlw.go.jp/bunya/roudoukijun/anzeneisei
07/index.html METI http//www.meti.go.jp/
policy/chemical_management/int/ghs_text.html
MoE http//www.env.go.jp/chemi/ghs/kariyaku2.
html
1st revised edition (Japanese Ver., Mar. 2006)
2nd revised edition (Japanese Ver., Mar. 2008)
(Original text)
7
8
Classification manual is prepared under the
supervision of the Inter-Ministerial Committee
on GHS. Part 1 Principle of
classification Part 2 Physical and
chemical hazards Part 3 Health hazards
Part 4 Environmental hazards This
manual is prepared for the GHS model
classification project of the
Inter-Ministerial Committee on GHS. Use only
reliable data sources for the classification of
hazards, such as those peer-reviewed by
international authorities.
GHS Classification Manual (1st Ver.
Apr. 2005)
(Latest Ver. Feb.
2006)
8
9
Technical Guidance Documents for GHS
Classification

(Dec. 2005)
  • Technical Guidance Documents are prepared by
  • the members of Technical experts group of
    Inter-Ministerial
  • Committee on GHS.
  • This guidance is used as supporting document of
    expert
  • judgment, and complement for classification
    manual.

GHS Classification Manual and
Technical Guidance Documents for GHS
Classification is available from the web-site
of National Institute of Technology and
Evaluation (NITE)
http//www.safe.nite.go.jp/ghs/ghsi.html
(Japanese version)
9
10
Issue of Japanese Industrial Standard (JIS) by
Japanese Standards association
  • Revision of JIS Z 7250 - 2005 Safety data
    sheet for chemical products Part 1 Content
    and order of sections ( Dec. 2005 )
  • JIS for preparation of SDS based on GHS.
  • Transition period up to end of 2010
  • Revision of JIS Z 7250- 2000 (based on
    ISO 11014-1-1994)

Issue of JIS Z 7251 - 2006 Labelling
of chemicals based on GHS ( Mar. 2006 )
JIS for preparation of Labels based on GHS.
10
11
JIS Z 7250 - 2005 Safety data sheet for chemical
products Part 1 Content and order of
sections ( Dec. 2005 )
Japanese Industrial Standard
JIS Z 7251 - 2006 Labelling of chemicals based
on GHS ( Mar. 2006 )
11
(Japanese version and English version)
(Japanese version only)
12
Issue of GHS Implementation Guidelines based
on JIS Z 7250 and JIS Z 7251 by Japan Chemical
Industry Association
Part 1 General guidelines
Part 3 Labelling
Part 2 Safety Data Sheet
12
13
1-2. GHS Model Classification Project
13
14
GHS Model Classification Project (1)
  • Target chemicals 1,500 substances under
    regulation of
  • - Industrial Safety and Health Law (MHLW)
  • - Poisonous and Deleterious Substances
    Control Law (MHLW)
  • - Law Concerning Reporting, etc. of Releases
    to the Environment of
  • Specific Chemical Substances and Promoting
    (PRTR Law)
  • (METI / MoE)
  • Model classification according to
  • - GHS Classification Manual and
  • - Technical Guidance Documents for GHS
    Classification
  • Classification work was performed by experts
    selected from laboratories
  • and industries.
  • Classification results were checked by the
    member of Technical experts
  • group of Inter-Ministerial Committee on GHS, so
    as to eliminate any different
  • classification results among experts.
  • Finished classification work in two years
    (20052006)

14
15
Model GHS Classification project (2)
Results of GHS Model Classification Project is
available from web-site NITE
http//www.safe.nite.go.jp/ghs/index.html
(Japanese) METIhttp//www.meti.go.jp/policy/ch
emical_management/int/ghs.html
(English translation)
  • Results of GHS Model Classification are used
    for the base data of GHS
  • classification of mixed compounds, or
    preparation of label and MSDS in
  • industries.
  • The classification results are not authorized
    by the government.
  • The results of the project are not compulsive
    and allow industries to use
  • their own data, and classify chemicals on the
    basis of their own judgement.
  • The classification results are translated into
    English by METI.

15
16
Example of GHS model classification (a)
Xylene CAS 1330-20-7 Physical Hazards
16
17
Example of GHS model classification (b)
Xylene CAS 1330-20-7 Health Hazards (1)
17
18
Example of GHS model classification (c)
Xylene CAS 1330-20-7 Health Hazards (2)
Xylene CAS 1330-20-7 Environmental Hazards
18
19
1-3. Revision of Industrial Safety and Health Law
20
Partial amendment of Industrial Safety Health
Law (Decided by the Cabinet on November 2, 2005)
  • Improvements of Labels and Document
    Communications
  • for Chemical Substances based on GHS
    classification
  • criteria, label contents, SDS format.
  • (Date of Enforcement)
  • This law was put into force from December 1,
    2006.
  • (Penalty)
  • The person who violate the provisions regarding
    labelling
  • shall be punished with a penal servitude not
    exceeding
  • six months or with a fine not exceeding
    500,000 yen
  • ( US 5,000).

20
21
Revision of Industrial Safety and Health Law
(Labelling) Article 57. A person who is to
transfer or provide substances explosive,
combustible, and flammable and other substances
which are liable to cause dangers to workers
which are liable to inflict health impairment
upon workers, shall, as provided for by Ministry
of Health, Labour and Welfare Ordinance, label
the container or the package.
(Material Safety Data Sheet)

Article 57-2. A person who is to transfer
or provide substances which are liable to cause
dangers to workers or inflict health impairment
upon workers shall notify the party to whom the
notifiable substances are to be transferred or
provided, of the following matters by means of
delivering a document or other manner prescribed
by Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare
Ordinance.
  • Number of chemicals targeted under ISH Law

21
22
1-4. Supporting tools for GHS implementation
22
23
GHS Classification Working
Sheet Prepared for classification work of the
Technical experts group of Inter-Ministerial
Committee on GHS.
24
Workshops by Japan Industrial Health and Safety
Association (JISHA)
  • How to classify chemicals especially mixed
    compounds,
  • according to GHS criteria and to make labels and
    SDSs
  • under GHS requirements. (Nov. 2005 Jun.
    2006)
  • The module of Workshop by JISHA
  • - Introduction of GHS and principle of revised
    Industrial Safety and Health Law (2 hrs)
  • - Physical hazard classification (1.5 hrs)
  • - Health hazard and Environmental hazard
    classification (2 hrs)
  • Workshops at 26 places in the whole country, and
    more than 3,000
  • participants totally.

24
25
Pamphlet and Web-site (1) Ministry of
Environment http//www.env.go.jp/chemi/ghs/
MoE GHS Pamphlet
MoE GHS Web-site
25
26
Pamphlet and Web-site (2) Ministry of Health,
Labour and Welfare http//www.mhlw.go.jp/topics/b
ukyoku/roudou /ghs/index.html
Industrial Safety Health Law Pamphlet
Poisonous Deleterious Substances Control Law
Pamphlet
MHLW GHS Web-site
26
27
Pamphlet and Web-site (3) Ministry of Economy,
Trade and Industry http//www.meti.go.jp/policy/c
hemical_management/int/ghs.html
PRTR Law Pamphlet
MWTI GHS Web-site
27
28
Model Labels and MSDSs by Japan Industrial
Health and Safety Association (JISHA)
  • Model Labels and MSDS according to the results
    of GHS model
  • classification project.
  • Model Labels for 100 substances under ISH Law
    http//www.jaish.gr.jp/anzen/gmsds_label/label_ind
    ex.htm
  • (in Japanese)
  • Model MSDSs for 700 substances under ISH Law
    http//www.jaish.gr.jp/anzen_pg/GHS_MSD_FND.aspx
  • (in Japanese)

28
29
JISHA GHS Web-site http//www.jaish.gr.jp/user/
anzen/kag/kag_main01.html
JISHA Model MSDS
JISHA Model Label
30
Classification software for Mixtures
  • Development of computer software for GHS
    classification
  • of mixture, installed with the classification
    results of 1500
  • chemicals.
  • Only 3 steps
  • 1. Input GHS classification results of
    substances,
  • 2. Input the percentage of substance in
    mixture,
  • 3. Get the classificatin of the mixture.
  • Software is available from the site below
    (in Japanese)
  • http//www.meti.go.jp/policy/chemical_management/G
    HS/land20of20thousand20of20GHS20classificatio
    n.htm

30
31
Educational publication (Books CD-ROM)
  • GHS-Education
  • CD-ROM with
  • narration for an
  • employer to educate
  • workers.
  • Supervision Dr. Jonai
  • (Based on GHS 1st rev.
  • available both in
  • Japanese and English)
  • (2006)

Challenge of GHS Supervision Dr.
Jonai Coauthor Jonai, Sano,
Noguchi The Chemical Daily
(2006)
Guidebook on Preparation of Labels and MSDS,
complying with GHS system Author Sano The
Chemical Daily (2007)
GHS QA Coauthor Jonai
Miyagawa Morita The Chemical
Daily (2008)
31
32
1-5. Review on GHS implementation in Japan
32
33
Failure 1
  • Started without deciding governmental policy on
  • Building block approach and
  • selection of cut-off value/concentration
    limits

Almost chemical companies already finished GHS
classification, labeling, and revision of MSDS of
their products according to the GHS
classification manual (Feb. 2006), in these work,
they had to select cut-off limit value for
mixture by their own responsibility. After
setting policy on Building block approach and
Selection of cut-off value/concentration
limits, all chemical company must repeat all
GHS classification, labeling, and must revise
their MSDS again.
33
34
Failure 2
  • Started GHS application simultaneously to
  • Single substances, and
  • Mixtures

Transitional periods Japan Industrial Safety and
Health Law (effective on Apr. 2006) Single
chemicals and Mixture Dec. 2006 (8
months) EU REACH and CPL Regulation (effective
on Jul. 2007) Single chemicals Dec. 2010
(3.5 years) Mixture June
2015 (8 years) Korea Toxic Chemicals
Control Act (effective Jul. 2008) Single
chemicals June 2011 (3 years) Mixture
June 2013 (5 years)
34
35
Failure 3
  • GHS classification is still not fully applicable
  • to domestic transportation rule.
  • There are double standards
  • Adopted GHS and UNRTDG rule for
  • Sea and Air transportation.
  • (Domestic and international
    transportation)
  • Not adopted GHS and UNRTDG rule for
  • Road and Rail road transportation.
  • (Domestic transportation only)

35
36
Failure 4
  • Started without deciding unified governmental
    policy on
  • Confidential Business Information (CBI)

Industrial Safety and Health Law approve usage
of generic name and expression of round number
for percentage of components in MSDS. PRTR Law
do not approve usage of generic name and
expression of round number for the chemicals
regulated under PRTR Law in MSDS. Poisonous and
Deleterious Substances Control Law do not have
any regulation on CBI.
36
37
Failure 5
  • Japanese Inter-Ministerial Committee on GHS can
    not establish Comprehensive Chemical Control
    Law

In Japan, there is no umbrella law on chemical
safety management. There are many laws related
chemical safety control, such as Fire
Defense Law, High Pressure Gas Safety Law ,
Chemical Substances Control Law (Kashinhou) ,
Industrial Safety and Health Law,
Poisonous and Deleterious Substances Control
Law, Water Pollution Control Law, Air
Pollution Control Law, and Soil Pollution
Control Law, Maritime Transportation Law,
Aviation Law, Read Law, Law Concerning
Regulations on the Import/Export of Specific
Hazardous Wastes (Basel Law), and etc.
37
38
1-6. GHS implementation, from now on
38
39
Adoption of classification based on Building
block approach do not adopt Acute
toxicity Category 5, Skin irritation
Category 3, Aspiration hazard Category 2
Selection of Concentration limits as
classification trigger for mixture. Adopted
same concentration limit for SDS and labelling.
Select higher limit value if there are two limit
value in GHS recommendation.
Sensitization, Carcinogenicity Category
2, Reproductive toxicity, STOT-
single exposure. and STOT- repeated
exposure.
a) Work out GHS Classification standard
(March, 2008)
Preparation of draft plan of GHS classification
standard Report of the Committee
Supported by Ministry of Economy, Trade and
Industry (METI), Observed by Ministry of
Health, Labor and Welfare (MHLW), and
Ministry of Environment
(MoE).
39
40
Building block approach in Japan JIS Z 2752
41
by Japanese Standards Association Japan
Chemical Industry Association
b) Issue of Japanese Industrial Standard (JIS)
  • Revision of JIS Z 7250 - 2005 Safety data
    sheet for chemical products Part 1 Content
    and order of sections ( Dec. 2005 )
  • JIS for preparation of SDS based on GHS.
  • Revision of JIS Z 7250- 2000 (based on
    ISO 11014-1-1994)

Issue of JIS Z 7251 - 2006 Labelling
of chemicals based on GHS ( Mar. 2006 )
JIS for preparation of Labels based on GHS.
Issue of JIS Z 7252 - 2009 New JIS
Classification of chemicals based on GHS (
June 2009) Standardization of GHS
classification method is considered to be
suitable to clarify the ambiguity of the Purple
Book, with decision of Japanese policy
on Building block approach and Cut-off
value/concentration limits.
41
42
JIS Z 7250 - 2005 Safety data sheet for
chemical products Part 1 Content and order
of sections ( Dec. 2005 )
Japanese Industrial Standard
JIS Z 7252 - 2009 Classification of Chemicals
based on GHS ( Mar. 2009 )
JIS Z 7251 - 2006 Labelling of chemicals based
on GHS ( Mar. 2006 )
JIS Japanese INDUSTRIAL STANDARD
JIS Z 7252 2009 Classification of chemicals
based on GHS
(Japanese version and English version)
(Japanese version only)
42
43
c) New Classification Guidance
GHS Classification Manual
(Latest Ver. Feb. 2006)

Technical Guidance Documents for GHS
Classification (Dec. 2005)


UN GHS Recommendation (2nd ed.) (Japanese
ver. Mar. 2008)

Draft of New GHS Classification Industrial
Standard (Mar. 2008)


GHS Classification Guidance
(June 2009)
43
44
New GHS Classification Guidance will be
issued under supervision of the METI committee
on GHS Classification Manual. This Guidance
was prepared based on UN GHS Recommendation
2nd ed. and Japanese governmental policy on
Building block approach and selection of
cut-off value and concentration limits
There are two part in
Classification Guidance Part A.
Classification Guidance for Governmental
administration
(Classification of Single substances) Part
B. Classification Guidance for Private
enterprises (Classification
of Single substances and Mixture)
44
45
d) Classification of Non Regulated Chemicals
  • Japan Industrial Health and Safety
    Association (JISHA) started GHS model
    classification of Non-regulated chemicals under
    the financial support of MHLW.
  • 1,500 chemicals in three years (2008
    2010)

Japan Chemical Industry Ecology-Toxicology
Information Center (JETOC) started GHS model
classification of the chemicals listed in SIDS
Report (OECD Screening Information Data Set)
using the data in SIDS Report . 200
chemicals (2004 2008) . classification work
will continue !
45
46
e) The electronic bulletin board for GHS
(J-Chemipedia)
  • Trial establishment of the electronic bulletin
    boards for GHS
  • classification with the data source of comments
    to the GHS
  • classification results. http//www.ghs-net.
    jp/

Offer for board and initial data
METI
Technical comment for initial data
Reference for data and comment
Companies
Experts
2009/11/13
46
47
f) Risk-based labelling for consumer products (1)
  • The decision to adopt risk-based labelling for
    consumer
  • products.
  • GHS Inter-Ministerial Committee (Jan. 2007)
  • http//www.meti.go.jp/policy/chemical_managemen
    t/GHS/Consumer_product
  • _labelling.htm
  • Outlook on Risk Assessment for Consumer
    Products Based
  • on Exposure for GHS Labeling
  • GHS Inter-Ministerial Committee (Jan. 2007)
    (in English) http//www.meti.go.jp/policy/chemical
    _management/03kanri/risk_based_label_interministri
    al080218set.doc

47
48
f) Risk-based labelling for consumer products (2)
The guidance documents of risk-based labelling
for consumer products. National Institute
of Technology and Evaluation (NITE)
http//www.safe.nite.go.jp/ghs/risk_consumer.html
Guidance for implementation the GHS of
consumer products (Draft) Guidance
documents for the implementation of the GHS in
collaboration with Asian countries. Japan
Soap Detergent Association (JSDA)
48
49
g) Application of GHS to chemical risk management
(1)
  • Use GHS system as the tools of hazard
    communication
  • in chemical risk management.
  • GHS will lead to
  • - Logical classification of hazards of
    chemicals,
  • - Domestic harmonization of diverse
    regulations.
  • Raising awareness on chemical hazards.
  • Sharing a responsibility of chemical control
    with the people
  • to use it.

49
50
g) Application of GHS to chemical risk management
(2)
Use GHS classification results as the means
of hazard rating in risk assessment of
hazardous chemicals. UK HSE COSHH
ESSENTIALS  -  Easy steps to control health risks
from chemicals. (use EU R-phrase for
hazard rating) http//www.coshh-essentials.org.
uk/ UN ILO Control Banding - Practical Tools
for Controlling Exposure to Chemicals. (use
EU R-phrase and GHS classification for hazard
rating) http//www.ilo.org/public/english/protec
tion/safework/ctrl_banding /index.htm US
NIOSH Control Banding - Qualitative Risk
Characterization and Management of
Occupational Hazards. (use OEL and R-phrase
for hazard rating) http//www.cdc.gov/niosh/to
pics/ctrlbanding/
50
51
g) Application of GHS to chemical risk management
(3)
Use GHS classification results as the means of
hazard rating in risk assessment of hazardous
chemicals. Japan Industrial Health and Safety
Association (JISHA) JISHA Method Chemical
Health Risk Assessment (use EU R-phrase and
GHS classification for hazard rating)
51
51
52
2. GHS Implementation in East Asia
  • 2-1. Korea
  • 2-2. China
  • 2-3. Taiwan

53
2-1. Republic of Korea
  • Inter-ministerial Committee (Ministry of
    EnvironmentMOE, Ministry
  • of LaborMOL, National Emergency Management
    gencyNEMA)
  • has been created.
  • Translation of GHS Recommendation into Korean
    (Completed in 2005)
  • Development of GHS Guideline and Training
    Program.
  • MOE revised Toxic Chemicals Control Act to
    reflect GHS regarding
  • classification and labelling.
  • Revised in 2007, enforced in 2008/7
  • Transitional period 3 years transition
    period for single chemicals (up to 2011/6),
  • 5 years
    transition period for mixtures (up to 2013/6).
  • MOL to reflect GHS classification and labelling
    in its Industrial
  • Safety and Health Act.
  • Revised in 2006/12, enforced in 2008/7
  • Transitional period 2 years transition
    period for single chemicals (up to 2010/6),,
  • 5 years
    transition period for mixtures (up to 2013/6),.

53
54
Building block approach in Korea MOL
55
Building block approach in Korea MOE
56
2-2. Peoples Republic of China
  • The General Administration of Quality
    Supervision, Inspection and
  • Quarantine of the Peoples Republic of China
    (AQSIQ)
  • China National Standard(GB)
  • List of Dangerous Goods GB 6944-2005
    ---- UNRTDG
  • Classification and Labels of Dangerous
    chemical Commonly Used
  • substances
    GB 13690-1992 ---- Classification
  • General rules for preparation of precautionary
    label for industrial chemicals

  • GB 15258-1999 ---- Label
  • General rules for preparation of chemical
    safety data sheet

  • GB16483-2000 ---- CSDS
  • (GB 15258-1999 and GB 16483-2000 quote GB
    13690-1992 for evaluation of
  • dangerous chemicals)
  • Safety Regulation on Chemicals Classification
    and Labelling
  • GB 20576
    GB 206022006 ---- GHS
  • Implementation 2008/1 (Production
    section)
  • 2008/12
    (Distribution section)

56
57
  • Recommended National Standard (GB/T)
  • Safety Data Sheet for Chemical Products
    Content and Order of Sections

  • GB/T 16483-2008 ----
    CSDS
  • Standard terminology relating to hazard
    potential of chemicals

  • GB/T 22233-2008
  • Labelling of Chemicals based on GHS GB/T
    22234-2008 ---- Label
  • General provision for hazard evaluation of
    chemicals

  • GB/T 22235-2008 ----
    Classification
  • (Cite GB 20576 GB 20602- 2006 as the
    standard of hazard evaluation)
  • GB/T 2223322235 is implementated on
    2009/2, but GB/T is only recommended
  • standard, and not compulsory
  • New China National Standard (GB)
  • General rules for preparation of precautionary
    label for chemicals
  • GB 15258-1999 (revision) ? GB
    15258-200x ---- Label
  • General rules classification and hazard
    communication of chemicals
  • GB 13690-1992 (revision ) ? GB
    13690-200X ---- Classification, CSDS

57
58
National Standard of the Peoples Republic of
China GB Safety Regulation on Chemicals
Classification and Labelling
  • Explosives

    GB 20576-2006
  • Flammable gases

    GB 20577-2006
  • Flammable aerosols

    GB 20578-2006
  • Oxidizing gases

    GB 20579-2006
  • Gases under pressure

    GB 20580-2006
  • Flammable liquids

    GB 20581-2006
  • Flammable solids

    GB 20582-2006
  • Self-reactive substances and mixtures

    GB 20583-2006
  • Pyrophoric liquids

    GB 20584-2006
  • Pyrophoric solids

    GB 20585-2006
  • Self-heating substances and mixtures

    GB 20586-2006
  • Substances and mixtures which, in contact with
    water, emit flammable gases GB 20587-2006
  • Corrosive to metals

    GB 20588-2006
  • Oxidizing liquids

    GB 20589-2006
  • Oxidizing solids

    GB 20590-2006
  • Organic peroxides

    GB 20591-2008
  • Acute toxicity

    GB 20592-2006
  • Skin corrosion/irritation

    GB 20593-2006
  • Serious eye damage/eye irritation

    GB 20594-2006

Note China National standard implement GHS
Recommendation 1st Edition.
59
2-3. Taiwan
  • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
  • Toxic Chemical Substance Control Act
    (1986), Section 17,
  • Regulation of Toxic Chemical Substances
    Labelling and Material Safety Data Sheet,
    Environmental Protection Administration (1998)
  • revised on July 2008, adopting GHS to label
    and MSDS system.
  • effective from December 31st 2008.
  • 258 toxic substances enlisted by EPA
    regarding labelling and MSDS.
  • Council of Labor Affaires (CLA)
  • Labor Safety and Health Act (1974), Section
    5, and 7.
  • Regulation of Labelling and Hazard
    Communication of Dangerous and Harmful Materials
  • revised on October 2007, adopting GHS to
    label and MSDS system.
  • effective from December 31st 2008.
  • 1,062 prioritized chemicals specified by CLA
    regarding labelling and
  • MSDS.

59
60
  • EPA and CLA use China National Standard
    CNS15030-Z1051-2006
  • as classification and labelling standard.
  • China National Standard CNS15030 revised on
    December 2008, and
  • now corresponds to GHS Recommendation 2nd
    revised edition.
  • In 2008, CLA drafted amendment in the Labor
    Safety and Health Act
  • to include new chemical notification.
  • Due to the deficiency of chemical inventory,
    full scale of GHS
  • implementation in Taiwan is pending on the
    development of national
  • chemical substance inventory and new chemical
    notification schemes.
  • (CLA notification on Feb. 3, 2009)

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China National Standard Classification and
labelling of chemicals CNS15030-Z1051
  • General rule

    CNS 15030
  • Explosives

    CNS 15030-1
  • Flammable gases

    CNS 15030-2
  • Flammable aerosols

    CNS 15030-3
  • Oxidizing gases

    CNS 15030-4
  • Gases under pressure

    CNS 15030-5
  • Flammable liquids

    CNS 15030-6
  • Flammable solids

    CNS 15030-7
  • Self-reactive substances and mixtures

    CNS 15030-8
  • Pyrophoric liquids

    CNS 15030-9
  • Pyrophoric solids

    CNS 15030-10
  • Self-heating substances and mixtures

    CNS 15030-11
  • Substances and mixtures which, in contact with
    water, emit flammable gases CNS 15030-12
  • Oxidizing liquids

    CNS 15030-13
  • Oxidizing solids

    CNS 15030-14
  • Organic peroxides

    CNS 15030-15
  • Corrosive to metals

    CNS 15030-16
  • Acute toxicity

    CNS 15030-17
  • Skin corrosion/irritation

    CNS 15030-18

Note China National standard revised in 2008,
and implement GHS Recommendation 2nd Rev. Ed.
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3. GHS Implementation in ASEAN Countries
  • 3-1. Malaysia
  • 3-2. Thailand
  • 3-3. Philippines
  • 3-4. Indonesia
  • 3-5. Vietnam
  • 3-6. Cambodia
  • 3-7. Lao People's Democratic Republic
  • 3-8. Myanmer
  • 3-9. Singapore

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3-1. Malaysia
  • Ministry of International Trade and Industry
    (MITI) to lead the National
  • Coordinating Committee to examine
    implementation of GHS.
  • Department of Occupational Safety and Health
    (DOSH) is working
  • on adoption of GHS classification and
    labelling by amending its
  • Occupational Safety and Health Regulations
    - Presented to government and Industry in August
    2007, and to put the amended regulations in
    force with in 2 years.
  • Occupational Safety and Health
    (Classification, Packaging and Labelling
  • of hazardous chemicals) regulations 1997
    CPL Regulation ltRepealgt
  • Occupational Safety and Health (Chemicals
    Classification, Labelling and Safety Data Sheets)
    Regulations 20XX CLASS Regulation
    ltEstablishgt
  • Department of Environment (DOE) is working on
    the the future notification
  • scheme of Environmentally Hazardous Substances
    (EHS) under the
  • Environmental Quality Act 1994. DOE check of
    Notified data and GHS
  • classification of components in the product.

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Seminar Chemicals Managing at Workplace Malaysia
, Ministry of Human Resouces, Department of
occupational Safety and Health (DOSH) Jul. 9,
2008 at Putra World Trade Centre (PWTC) , Kuala
Lumpur
  • Opening ceremony by Dato Nariani, Dupity
    minister, Ministry of Human Resources.
  • There were presentation on CLASS Regulation by
    DOSH, and
  • Plan of regulation on Environmental Hazardous
    Substances (EHS)
  • at this seminar.
  • Presentation on Implementation of GHS in Japan
    by Sano

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GHS Advanced Course Seminar on classification
training (mainly mixture) for DOSH and other
agency officers related to GHS, one week course
July / 2008
March / 2009
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3-2. Thailand
  • In 2005, National GHS Implementation
    Sub-Committee was formed
  • participated by the representatives of relevant
    Government agencies.
  • Under the support of UNITAR, completed
    Comprehensibility Testing and Gap
  • Analysis.
  • Department of Industrial Works (DIW), Ministry
    of Industry, took the central
  • role to complete the translation of the first
    revised edition of the GHS into
  • Thai.
  • Target date for the implementation of the GHS.
    Proposed transitional periods
  • 1 year for substances and 3 years for
    mixtures and products (by 2012)
  • controlled under the Hazardous Substance
    Act.
  • Phased-in implementation is being considered
  • Phase I For Substances
  • Physical Hazards
  • Part of Health Hazards (Acute
    toxicity, Skin corrosion/irritation,
  • Serious eye damage/eye
    irritation, Mutagenicity, Carcinogenicity)
  • Phase II For Substances and Mixtures
  • Physical Hazards

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3-3. Indonesia
  • In 2005 the National Agency for Drug and Food
    Control (NADFC)
  • took the lead to establish the National GHS
    Implementation
  • Committee involving relevant bodies.
  • Under the support of UNITAR, completed
    Comprehensibility Testing
  • and Gap Analysis. Now conducting GHS awareness
    raising
  • activities through workshops etc.
  • Translation of GHS Recommendation into
    Indonesian and
  • preparation of guidance document are underway.
  • NADFC published GHS Comic in Nov. 2008
  • KN-RCI (Indonesian Responsiblecare
    Association) distributed
  • GHS Leaflets since March 2008.

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Legislation related to the GHS in Indonesia
Ministry of Industry Decree Number
24/M-IND/PER/2006 (Hazardous material
production and usage control for the industry)
Ministry of Trade Decree number
04/M-DAG/PER/5/2006 (Distribution Control of
Hazardous Substances) Ministry of
Environmental Decree number Per-MENLH
No.3/2008 (Method for using symbol and label
of Hazardous chemical substances) Ministry
of Industry New Chemical Act will be
drafted to implement GHS in 2009
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3-4. Philippines
  • A National GHS Implementation Committee was
    created in 2004
  • through the initiative of the Board of
    Investment (BOI), participated
  • by relevant bodies.
  • Under the support of UNITAR, completed
    Comprehensibility Testing
  • and Gap Analysis.
  • Now conducting GHS awareness raising
    activities through
  • workshops etc.
  • BOI, in cooperation with Environmental
    Management Bureau(EMB),
  • is working on GHS implementation by amending
    RA6969 which is
  • governed by EMB. Implementation date yet to be
    determined.
  • Joint Administrative Order (JAO), to be signed
    be concerned
  • government agencies involved in the
    implementation of GHS.

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70
3-5. Vietnam
  • Ministry of Industry is in charge of GHS
    implementation.
  • Government Decree No.68/2005/ND-CP was issued
    in 2005.
  • The decree defines the Goverments basic stance
    towards safety of
  • chemicals.
  • Law on Chemicals No.06/2007/QH12 (2007/11/27)
    effective 208/7
  • Decree providing for detailed regulations and
    guidelines for the
  • implementation of some articles of the
    Chemical Law, No.108/2008
  • /ND-CP (2008/10/7)
  • (Specific details will be covered in a Decree
    to be issued by the
  • Ministry of Industry. The Notice is expected
    to specify the details of
  • GHS implementation.)
  • Vietnam intend to adopt GHS according
    Chemical Law by July
  • 2009.

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3-6. Cambodia
  • During 2006-2008, Cambodia is participating as a
    pilot country in the
  • UNITAR/ILO Global GHS Capacity Building
    Programme.
  • A capacity building programme has been
    established for the
  • development of a draft GHS implementing
    legislation/regulation for
  • Four sectors (industrial workplace, agriculture,
    transport, and
  • Consumer products) and the development of a
    strategic plan for
  • national GHS implementation.
  • The existing Inter-Ministerial Technical Working
    Group, responsible
  • for advising and facilitating the implementation
    of International
  • Conventions on chemicals in Cambodia, has been
    designated as the
  • coordination/steering body for the implementation
    of the GHS
  • National implementation plan. (UNECE GHS
    status of Implementation)

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3-7. Lao People's Democratic Republic
  • Lao People's Democratic Republic has recently
    drafted the Hazardous
  • Chemical Strategic Plan for 2006-2020 and the
    Hazardous Chemical
  • Action Plan for 2006-2010. These Plans are
    designed to provide
  • a framework for the safe and effective management
    of chemicals.
  • In terms of the GHS, Lao People's Democratic
    Republic has begun to
  • draft a project proposal and has set up a
    National Steering Committee.
  • During 2006-2008, Lao PDR is participating as a
    pilot country in the
  • UNITAR/ILO Global GHS Capacity Building Programe.
  • The results of the comprehensibility training
    (held in October 2006) as
  • well as those of the situation and gap analysis
    will be used for the
  • development of GHS implementation activities
    during 2007.
  • (UNECE GHS status of Implementation)

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3-8. Myanmer
  • There is no specific institution assigned to the
    task of overall
  • management of chemicals and waste, but there are
    a number of
  • existing frameworks in legislation,
    classification and labelling standards
  • that could accommodate the GHS.
  • Myanmar is currently preparing to revise existing
    legislation and
  • administrative procedures to implement the GHS.
  • (UNECE GHS status of Implementation)
  • Occupational Health Department (OHD) is currently
    focal point for GHS
  • Implementation in relation with UNITAR and ILO

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3-9. Singapore
  • Establishment of a multi-agency public-private
    GHS implementation
  • taskforce in 2005 to oversee and coordinate the
    implementation of the GHS in
  • Singapore. All government agencies (MOM, NEA,
    MITI, SCDF) impacted by
  • GHS as well as chemical industry (SCIC) and
    SPRING Singapore
  • representatives are members of the taskforce.
  • SPRING Singapore (Standards Productivity and
    Innovation Board)
  • Singapore standard CP 982003 ltRepealgt
  • Code of Practice for Preparation and use of
    Material Safety Data Sheets
  • Singapore standard SS2861984 ltRivisiongt
  • Hazard Communication for Hazardous
    Substances and Dangerous Goods
  • Singapore standard SS5862008
    ltEstablishgt
  • Hazard Communication for Hazardous
    Substances and Dangerous Goods
  • Part 1 Transport and storage of
    dangerous goods.
  • Part 2 Global harmonized system of
    classification and labelling of
  • chemicals Singapores
    adaptations

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Singapore adopted most of the hazard classes of
GHS, excluding Flammable Liquids
Category 4 (except diesel) Acute
Toxicity Category 5 Skin corrosion /
irritation Category 3 Aspiration
hazard Category 2 Aquatic environment
acute hazard Categories 2 and 3 and
Aquatic environment chronic hazard Categories 3
and 4.
  • The SS 586 2008 is currently not mandatory. It
    is however referred to by
  • Singapolian government agencies administratively.
    Government agencies
  • like the National Environment Agency (NEA),
    Ministry of Manpower
  • (MOM), Singapore Civil Defence Force (SCDF) and
    Singapore Police
  • Force (SPF) have worked out the timeframe for GHS
    implementation as
  • follow

76
4. Building block approach and cut-off
value/concentration limits in the World
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4-1. Policy on Building block approach
4-2. Selection of Cut-off value/concentration
limits
  • Competent authority of each country must select
  • Cut-off value/concentration limits for
    following hazard
  • classes
  • Skin sensitization Cat. 1
  • Respiratory sensitization Cat. 1
  • Carcinogenicity Cat. 2
  • Reproductive toxicity Cat. 1, Cat. 2,
    Additional category
  • Specific target organ toxicity (Single
    exposure)

  • Cat. 1, Cat. 2, Cat. 3
  • Specific target organ toxicity (Repeated
    exposure)

  • Cat. 1, Cat. 2

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78
4-1. Policy on Building block approach
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4-2. Selection of Cut-off value/concentration
limits
lt Acute Toxicity gt
GHS Recommendation UN GHS Recommendation,
Rev.2 (Jul., 2007) EU CLP Regulation
Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008 (16 Dec. 2008)
Japan JIS Z 5272 -2009 Japan Industrial
Standard (June, 2009) Korea MOL
Korea Ministry of Labor, Notice No.2008-1
(Jan., 2008)
Red frame  EU, Korea, or Japan
will not adopt GHS criteria Blue letters
EU will change current criteria
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lt Skin corrosion / irritation gt
84
lt Skin Sensitizer/Respiratory Sensitizer gt
1This concentration limit is generally used for
the application of the special labeling
requirements of Annex II 2.10 to protect
already sensitised individuals. A SDS
would be required for the mixture containing an
ingredient above this concentration limit .
2This concentration limit is used to trigger
classification of a mixture as a skin
sensitizer. 3This concentration limit is used
to trigger classification of a mixture as a
respiratory sensitizer.
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lt Carcinogen gt
1If a Category 2 carcinogen is present in the
mixture as an ingredient at a concentration ?0.1
a SDS would be required for the mixture.
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86
lt Reproductive Toxicant gt
1If a Category 1 or Category 2 reproductive
toxicant is present in the mixture as an
ingredient at a concentration above
0.1, a SDS would be required for the mixture.
87
lt Specific target organ toxicity / Single
exposure gt
1 If a Category 1 or 2 specific target
organ/systemic toxicant is present in the mixture
as an ingredient at a concentration
above 1.0, a SDS would be required for the
mixture. 2 Care shall be exercised when
extrapolating toxicity of a mixture that contains
Category 3 ingredient(s). A generic
concentration limit of 20 is appropriate
however, it shall be recognised that this
concentration limit may be higher or lower
depending on the Category 3 ingredient(s) and
that some effects such as respiratory
tract irritation may not occur below a certain
concentration while other effects such as
narcotic effects may occur below this 20 value.
Expert judgement shall be exercised.
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lt Specific target organ toxicity / Repeated
exposure gt
1 If a Category 1 or 2 specific target
organ/systemic toxicant is present in the mixture
as an ingredient at a concentration
above 1.0, a SDS would be required for the
mixture. 2 If a Category 2 specific target
organ toxicant is present in the mixture as an
ingredient at a concentration 1,0 a
SDS shall be available for the mixture upon
request.
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lt Aspiration Hazard gt
1 A mixture which contains a total of 10 or
more of a substance or substances classified
in Category 1, and has a kinematic viscosity
of 20.5 mm2 /s or less, measured at 40 oC,
shall be classified in Category 1.
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Thank you for your attention! Arigato-gozaimashi
ta!
90
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