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Ancient Greece

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Ancient Greece. Foundations of Western Civilization. Mycenaean Age 2000BCE -1100BCE ... Hellenistic Greece(Ch10) Alexander establishes 60 Alexandrias ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient Greece


1
Ancient Greece
  • Foundations of Western Civilization
  • Mycenaean Age 2000BCE -1100BCE
  • Hellenic- Classical- 800- 300 BCE
  • Hellenistic-300-BCE-1st cen CE

2
Questions about Greece
  • Why is what happened in Greece 2500 years ago so
    important to us today?
  • What foundations were formed by the Ancient
    Greeks?
  • Who were these people people whose legends and
    myths are still alive?

3
Geographical Considerations
  • hills and mountains
  • a few plain regions
  • jagged coast line
  • NO river valley
  • Natural to look to the sea for transportation
  • Difficult to have political unity

4
Early Greeks2000-800 BCE
  • Mycenaeans connected to Crete-oldest city in
    Europe, fortress with lion gate-later GCS thought
    built by gods
  • Dark Ages 1100-750 had an invasion from the North
    by Dorians- lost writing, fine craftwork,
    pottery, became isolated
  • Late in time period- adopted Phoenician alphabet,
    and iron use- expanded to Ionia and islands

5
Importance of HomerGreek Identity
  • Looked back to glorious age-connected past with
    stories of heroes and gods
  • Unified values- courage and honor
  • Stories of Odyssey, Iliad (p 81Odysseus)
  • Never thought there was a Troy Schliemann in 1875
    uncovered nine cities- sim to Greek city states
    (picture p80)

6
Age of Expansion 700-500 BCE
  • Sailed all over the Mediterranean
  • Spread what they knew but picked up
  • coinage from Lydia
  • alphabet from Phoenicians
  • developed new classes of merchants and artisans
  • famous for Greek pottery

7
The Polis (city state)sense of common interest
  • Athens- more freedom (various forms)
  • crisis of land led to reforms by Solon
  • gradual increase in influence of the citizens
    (men with property)
  • Sparta- aggressive toward neighbors
  • slave labor imp
  • military important
  • rigid lifestyle
  • pattern did not encourage ingenuity
  • or independent thought

8
Classical Greece 500-325BCEGolden Age in History
(ch9)
  • Political- beginnings of democracy Age of
    Pericles 464-429 said the world will marvel at
    us
  • Intellectual First historians,
  • Father of Medicine- Hippocrates
  • Mathematicians
  • Philosophers- basis for all others(Plato-cave
    p90)
  • Building- Parthenon (p94) Paestum (p96)

9
Persian War
  • Persia largest empire of the time
  • 543 conquered Asia Minor, Gk city states rebelled
    in Ionia 499
  • 490 First phase, ferried 40,00 men to Marathon,
    surprised by Athenians
  • 26 mile race to Athens to tell news
  • 480-78 Second Xerxes , 150,000 land bridge
  • Thermopylae 480 Spartan Platea and Salamis
    Victory! (NIKE)

10
Peloponnesian War
  • Cause- Delian League formed and dominated by
    Athens
  • NO way to withdraw. Corinth asks Sparta for help
  • Pericles (p85) declares war defeated by plague,
    and Sparta
  • navy in Sicily defeated, Persia helps Sparta
  • Pericles dies- Athens has walls torn down
  • city states remain divided

11
Alexander the Great (ch 10)
  • Chapter 8 ends with defeat of city states by
    Phillip of Macedon ta Battle of Chaeronea.
    Phillip assassinated
  • Alexander 336-323
  • student of Aristotle- revered Greek
    accomplishments
  • spread the empire and defeated the Persians-
  • follow path to Asia Minor, Tyre, Egypt to
    Persia(p99)
  • amazing accomplishments - Indus Valley
  • inspired followers- died in Babylon 33

12
Hellenistic Greece(Ch10)
  • Alexander establishes 60 Alexandrias
  • Mix of Greek and eastern culture-intermarriage
  • Art and sculpture amazing- shows movement
  • Science advanced- p (104)
  • The world has never been the same!
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