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WTO and SMEs

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a Win-Win Situation? www.eurochambres.eu www.eurocommerce.be. 5 October. Dirk VANTYGHEM ... What is Needed to Have a Win-Win Situation? Why are SMEs so important? ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: WTO and SMEs


1
WTO and SMEs
www.eurochambres.eu
www.eurocommerce.be
  • What is Needed to Have
  • a Win-Win Situation?

5 October
2
Dirk VANTYGHEM
WTO Public Forum Geneva 5 October 2007 WTO and
SMEs What is Needed to Have a Win-Win
Situation?
  • Eurochambres

www.eurochambres.eu
www.eurocommerce.be
3
Why are SMEs so important?
  • SMEs lt 250 employees and lt 50m turnover
  • 23m SMEs in the EU countries
  • 99.8 of businesses in the EU-25 are SMEs
  • Provide 100m jobs 2/3 of all private sector jobs

4
Why are SMEs so important?
Source UNCTAD
5
Why are SMEs so important?
6
Barriers to Internationalisation of SMEs
  • Tariff barriers
  • Lack of IPR protection
  • Product standards
  • Existing laws and regulations
  • Lack of capital or finance
  • Lack of support and/or advice
  • Cultural and language differences
  • Lack of information

7
Challenges of SMEs
Globalisation Catalyser or Barrier ?
SMEs
Development
Role of WTO ?
8
Laurent MATILE
WTO Public Forum Geneva 5 October 2007 WTO and
SMEs What is Needed to Have a Win-Win
Situation?
  • UNCTAD/WTO
  • International Trade Centre (ITC)

www.eurochambres.eu
www.eurocommerce.be
9
Piero IACOMONI
WTO Public Forum Geneva 5 October 2007 WTO and
SMEs What is Needed to Have a Win-Win
Situation?
  • Monnalisa
  • Manufacturer, Italy

www.eurochambres.eu
www.eurocommerce.be
10
Peter BERNERT
WTO Public Forum Geneva 5 October 2007 WTO and
SMEs What is Needed to Have a Win-Win
Situation?
  • Brieftaube
  • Retailer, Austria

www.eurochambres.eu
www.eurocommerce.be
11
José María CERVERA
WTO Public Forum Geneva 5 October 2007 WTO and
SMEs What is Needed to Have a Win-Win
Situation?
  • Barcelona Chamber of Commerce
  • Spain

www.eurochambres.eu
www.eurocommerce.be
12
Kees KEIJZER
WTO Public Forum Geneva 5 October 2007 WTO and
SMEs What is Needed to Have a Win-Win
Situation?
  • European Commission

www.eurochambres.eu
www.eurocommerce.be
13
WTO FORUM 5 OCTOBER
  • PANEL "WTO AND SMES"

14
WTO rulesin the interest of SMEs
  • A rules based system is in the interest of
    smaller companies,
  • rather than large ones
  • The GATT/WTO system has led to increased
    possibilities
  • to export for SMEs
  • Lower (and bound) tariffs for goods
  • Guaranteed access conditions for services,
    including right of establishment, cross border
    and movement of service providers and consumers
  • Protection of intellectual property
  • Disciplines for subsidies and trade defence
    instruments
  • Effective system of dispute settlement

15
What has the EC done for its SMEs?
  • Market Access Strategy
  • Market Access Database Gives information on all
    trade barriers affecting exports. Interactive
    gives SMEs possibility to flag problems in third
    country markets
  • Applied tariffs database Provides information
    on duties and taxes applicable to goods imported
    into almost one hundred non-EU countries
  • Trade Barriers Regulation A legal instrument
    that gives the right to companies from the EU to
    lodge a complaint with the European Commission
    who then investigate and determine whether there
    is evidence of a violation of international trade
    rules which has resulted in either adverse trade
    effects or injury.

16
What has the EC done for SMEs from developing
countries?
  • Export Helpdesk for Developing Countries and
    Exporters Guide to Import Formalities in the
    EU On line service with information on all
    import requirements in the EU (tariffs,
    documents, rules of origin, taxes) as well as a
    "market place" to do business
  • Trade-Related Assistance Since the launch of the
    Doha Round, the EC has allocated around 3.3
    billion euros on trade policy/regulations, trade
    development and private sector support in
    developing countries.

17
What more can be done in WTO to help SMEs? (1)
  • Trade Facilitation
  • Reduction and simplification of import, export,
    transit and customs
  • procedures.
  • Examples of measures under negotiation
  • publish and make available information
  • time periods for consultation and comments before
    new rules come into force
  • advance rulings
  • easier procedures for release and clearance of
    goods
  • appeals procedures
  • limits to fees and charges applied
  • easier transit

18
What more can be done in WTO to help SMEs? (2)
  • Proposed procedures for the Facilitation of
    Solutions to NTBs
  • SME's want quick, pragmatic solutions to concrete
    trading problems. Dispute settlement is not
    always an option. WTO regular bodies are not
    well-suited for problem solving
  • Procedure should be simple, conciliatory and
    expedient, with well-defined steps and tight time
    lines
  • It should involve a facilitator acting as a
    mediator giving non-binding recommendations
  • Any WTO member country facing an NTB in another
    country could file a properly substantiated
    complaint requesting the WTO to launch a
    procedure
  • The facilitator would help clarify the issue,
    lead the consultations and make recommendations
    on possible (non-binding) solutions

19
Questions?
WTO Public Forum Geneva 5 October 2007 WTO and
SMEs What is Needed to Have a Win-Win
Situation?
www.eurochambres.eu
www.eurocommerce.be
20
Ralph KAMPHÖNER
WTO Public Forum Geneva 5 October 2007 WTO and
SMEs What is Needed to Have a Win-Win
Situation?
  • EuroCommerce

www.eurochambres.eu
www.eurocommerce.be
21
Thank you ! Merci ! Grácias !
www.eurochambres.eu
www.eurocommerce.be
5 October
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