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Political Participation

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Mobilized participation: parties, trade unions, churches, interest groups ... There will be more participation in wealthier societies than in poorer societies ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Political Participation


1
Political Participation
  • Who participates and what difference does it make?

2
Forms of participation
  • Voluntary participation self-motivated
    individuals decide to participate
  • Regimented participation the government (or
    ruling party) forces people to participate
  • Characteristic of totalitarian and some
    authoritarian regimes
  • Mobilized participation parties, trade unions,
    churches, interest groups encourage people to
    participate not coerced but combination of
    incentives plus strong element of persuasion

3
Some key questions
  • Who participates in politics?
  • How does it vary?
  • from country to country?
  • within countries?
  • What accounts for differences and similarities?
  • What difference does it make? The so what
    question

4
The more the more hypothesis
  • People with higher social and economic status
    (SES), and more education more likely to
    participate
  • If so, then
  • There will be more participation in wealthier
    societies than in poorer societies
  • Participating more, better-offs in any society
    should have more influence than worse-offs

5
Post-materialism and value change
  • Erst das fressen, dan die morale
  • According to Ronald Inglehart, people who are
    raised (or come of age) in affluent societies are
    more likely to to hold post-material or radical
    quality of life values
  • People who are raised in situations of economic
    scarcity are more likely to hold materialistic
    values

6
Is this true?
  • Those at the bottom should have greater
    motivation to participate
  • Working class parties have mobilized followers in
    order to ensure a voice
  • But, how effectively and how recently?
  • If the very poor do not participate as much, why
    do they not participate?

7
Is this true?
  • Those at the bottom should have greater
    motivation to participate
  • Working class parties have mobilized followers in
    order to ensure a voice
  • But, how effectively and how recently?
  • If the very poor do not participate as much, why
    do they not participate?
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