Growing Unaffordability of Health Care: Incremental vs. Real Health Care Reform - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Growing Unaffordability of Health Care: Incremental vs. Real Health Care Reform

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Double digit increases in health insurance premiums ... Annual caps of limited benefit plans as low as $10,000 (Aetna, Cigna) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Growing Unaffordability of Health Care: Incremental vs. Real Health Care Reform


1
Growing Unaffordability of Health Care
Incremental vs. Real Health Care Reform
  • John P. Geyman, MD
  • Professor Emeritus- Family Medicine
  • University of Washington, Seattle

2
Major Problems ofHealth Care System
  • Increased Costs
  • Decreased Access
  • Variable Quality
  • Increased Fragmentation
  • Increased Administrative Burden
  • Technological Imperative
  • Medicolegal Liability
  • System Out of Control

3
DRIVERS OF HEALTH CARE COSTS
  • 1.Technological advances
  • 2. Aging of population
  • 3.Increase in chronic disease
  • 4.Inefficiency and redundancy of private insurers
  • 5.Profiteering by investor-owned companies,
    facilities and providers
  • 6.Consumer demand
  • 7.Defensive medicine

4
HEALTH CARE COSTS IN U.S.
16.5 of GDP 2.1 trillion per year
Increased cost-shifting to individuals/families
Incremental reforms ineffective
5
Escalating Costs of Care
  • Double digit increases in health insurance
    premiums
  • Average family premium now over 10,000 per year
  • 31 of total health costs are administrative
  • HMO rates up by 11.7 in 2007 vs CPI increase of
    2-3

6
GROWING UNAFFORDABILITYOF HEALTH CARE
  • Medical divide at about 50,000 annual income
  • Median household debt over 100,000
  • Median family income 41,000 a year
  • Health insurance premiums to consume one-third
    of average household income by 2010

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9
UNDERINSURANCE A GROWING PROBLEM
  • Average deductible of CDHC/HDHI plans 4,000 a
    year
  • Blue Cross PPO plan in Massachusetts up to
    12,000 deductible
  • Annual caps of limited benefit plans as low as
    10,000 (Aetna, Cigna)
  • Profitable industry with little value of coverage

10
PRIVATE HEALTH INSURANCE INDUSTRY IN U.S.
  • 1,300 companies fragment risk pools
  • Medical underwriting, favorable risk selection
  • 300 billion a year industry
  • Minimal regulation, mostly at state level
  • Average of 80 medical-loss ratios

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12
Three Alternatives For Health Care Reform
1. Employer mandate 2. Individual mandate
(Consumer-driven health care) 3. Single-payer
system
13
Problems With Employer-Based Approach
1. Only 59 percent of employers provide
coverage 2. Trend toward part-time work force 3.
Defined contributions vs. benefits 4. Increasing
cost-sharing and unaffordability 5. Job lock
problem 6. Competitive disadvantage in global
markets 7. A failed track record (eg., Hawaii)
14
Consumer Choice(Individual Mandate)
Increasingly popular pro-market solution
Shifts responsibility for coverage from employers
to consumers Assumes a free market in health
care Assumes adequate information and options
for consumers Current examples premium
support for defined benefits privatizing of
Medicare medical savings accounts
15
Problems With Option 2
Less service for more cost Serves for-profit
insurance industry Coverage by risk selection
Limited choice for consumers Bad plans can
drive out the good ones Is still the most
politically popular and likely
16
Why Incremental "Reforms Keep Failing
1. Favorable risk selection by insurers 2. High
administrative costs and profiteering 3. No
mechanisms to contain costs 4. Fragmentation of
risk pools 5. Decreasing access to necessary
care 6. Lack of accountability for value and
quality
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18
Annual Health Insurance Premiums And Household
Income, 1996-2025
SOURCE Reprinted with permission from Graham
Center One-Pager. Who will have health insurance
in 2025? Am Fam Physician 72(10)1989, 2005
19
Option 3 Single Payer System
  • Socialized insurance, not socialized medicine
  • Universal coverage through National Health
    Program
  • Eliminates private health insurance industry
  • Hospitals and nursing homes with global budgets
  • Physicians reimbursed by fee-for-service
  • Blend of federal and state government roles

20
Fundamental Features of a Universal Healthcare
System
Everyone included Public financing Public
stewardship Global budget Public
accountability Private delivery system
21
What Would a NHP Look Like?
  • Everyone receives a health care card assuring
    payment for all necessary care
  • Free choice of physician and hospital
  • Physicians and hospitals remain independent and
    non-profit, negotiate fees and budgets with NHP
  • Local planning boards allocate expensive
    technology
  • Progressive taxes go to Health Care Trust Fund
  • Public agency processes and pays bills

22
Advantages of National Health Program
Assured access for all Americans Cost savings
(200 billion/year) Administrative simplicity
Decreased overhead (Medicare 3 vs private
insurance 15-26) Distributes risk and
responsibility to finance care Improves access,
costs, and quality of care
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26
Problems with Option 3
  • Political acceptance
  • Lobbying by special interest stakeholders
  • Disinformation by media coverage
  • Philosophic concerns about big government
  • Denial of ineffectiveness of market-based system
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