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Academic Writing for Graduates

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This presentation enlists some top level tips and suggestions for graduates across the world in terms of their academic writing. Since many students fail to achieve the standards of the academic writing, via this tutorial they can find their areas of improvements. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Academic Writing for Graduates


1
Academic Writing for Graduate
Students
2
Questions
  • What do you find difficult about Academic
    Writing?
  • What do you know about writing in your field?
  • What do you need to know?
  • Please take a couple of minutes to discuss with
    your neighbors and then share

3
Structure and Language in Academic Writing
  • Writing Introductions - the CARS Model
  • Writing Abstracts
  • Writing Resources

4
I. The CARS Model
  • The Introduction section of research papers
    typically follows a specific pattern
  • This rhetorical pattern is referred to as the
    create-a-research-space (CARS) Model
  • In this model, the work of others and/or what is
    known about the topic is primary and your own
    work is secondary
  • This is also called a background/foreground
    relationship

5
3 Moves
  • The CARS model has 3 rhetorical moves
  • Move 1 Establishing a research territory
  • Move 2 Establishing a niche
  • Move 3 Occupying the niche

6
Move 1 Establishing a research territory
  • a. show that the general area is important,
    problematic, or relevant in some way (optional)
  • Language examples
  • Recently, there has been a growing interest in
  • The development of is a classic problem in
  • A central issue is
  • The relationship betweenandhas been
    investigated by many researchers

7
Move 1 Establishing a research territory
  • b. introduce and review items of previous
    research in the area (obligatory)
  • The literature review can be organized
  • Beginning with established major theories then
    moving to theories associated with individual
    authors
  • In chronological order
  • According to the theories topics or findings

8
Move 2 Establishing a niche
  • Indicate a gap in the previous research, or
    extend previous knowledge in some way
    (obligatory)
  • Language examples
  • However, little information(attention, work,
    data, research, few studies, investigations,
    researchers, attempts)
  • The research tended to focus on
  • These studies have emphasized,as opposed to

9
Move 3 Occupying the niche
  • a. outline purposes or state the nature of
    present research (obligatory)
  • b. list research questions or hypothesis
  • c. announce principal findings
  • d. state the value of the present research
  • e. indicate the structure of the research paper

10
Practice!
  • Please look at the introductions Ive handed out.
  • With a partner, please review the introduction
    and try to identify the 3 Moves.
  • What language and content indicated a rhetorical
    shift?

11
II. Abstracts
  • Two main approaches
  • Results-driven Abstracts
  • Research paper summary Abstract
  • Note the structured abstract used in the medical
    field has been spreading as well

12
Results-Driven Abstracts
  • This type of abstract concentrates on
  • the research findings
  • what might be concluded from the research
    findings

13
Sources
  • Top custom term papers assistance on the web.
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Research_paper
  • http//www.papermoz.com/term-papers/
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