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Title:

Using Medicines Wisely

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Prescription Medicine. 1 Illegal and not prescribable. 2 ... giving your prescription medicine to someone else. taking too much or too little of a medicine ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Using Medicines Wisely


1
Using Medicines Wisely
  • Intro to medicine
  • Prescription vs. over-the-counter
  • Labeling
  • Medicine misuse
  • Medicine Safety

2
What is Medicine?
  • Prevents or cures a disease or medical problem
  • Classified according to effect on body
  • a. Prevent disease
  • b. Fight pathogens
  • c. Relieve pain
  • d. Regulate blood pressure

3
Medicine Safety
  • Food and Drug Administration
  • -protects public health
  • -safety and security of drugs
  • -testing and approval of new drugs

4
Testing and Approval
  • 1. pre-clinical testing
  • 2. sponsor submits investigational new drug
    application
  • 3. clinical trials
  • 4. sponsor submits new drug application
  • 5. FDA reviews
  • 6. Released
  • a. prescription
  • b. over-the-counter

5
Prescription Medicine
  • Strength and potential to harm
  • Prescribed by physician, dispensed by licensed
    pharmacist
  • Schedules/Categories

6
Drug Scheduals
  • 1 Illegal and not prescribable
  • 2 Written prescription required
  • 3 Written or oral prescription required
  • 4 Written or oral prescription required
  • 5 OTC or by prescription depending on state law

7
Over-the-counter medicines
  • Can buy without a doctors prescription
  • Safe when used as directed
  • Warning potential of being harmful if not used
    as directed

8
Labeling
  • Certain information required by FDA
  • 1. Name of product
  • 2. Ingredients
  • 3. Exact measurement of package contents
  • 4. Name and address of manufacturer
  • 5. Purpose of medicine
  • 6. Cautions on use
  • 7. Directions for safe use
  • 8. Expiration date

9
Medicine Misuse
  • Using medicine in a way other than the one
    intended
  • giving your prescription medicine to someone else
  • taking too much or too little of a medicine
  • taking someone elses medicine
  • discontinuing use of medicine without informing
    ones doctor
  • taking medicine for a longer period of time than
    was prescribed
  • mixing medicine

10
Help for Abuse
  • Urge person to speak immediately with health care
    professional
  • Discuss situation with responsible adult

1-800-662-HELP
11
Medicine Safety
  • Proper storage
  • keep in original package
  • safe place
  • never disable child-resistant cap
  • discard expired medicines

12
Responsible Decisions
  • Ask Questions
  • Read the Label
  • Practice Safety
  • Become a partner in your health care

13
  • Poison Control
  • -24 hour hotline 1-800-222-1222
  • -be prepared to give information about victim
    and ingested medicine

14
Food and Drug Administration
  • Manufactures must supply information reguarding
  • medicines chemical composition intended use
  • effects
  • possible side effects

15
Responsible Decisions
  • 1. State the situation
  • 2. List the options
  • 3. Weigh the possible outcomes
  • 4. Consider your values
  • 5. Make a decision and act
  • 6. Evaluate the decision
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