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Genesis 111:26

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Steve Badger , Feb. 2008 -4 - First Things First. What is the first thing ... Steve Badger , ... particle' and the bag bing' Abiogenesis or spontaneous generation ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Genesis 111:26


1
Genesis 1-1126
  • Kenneth Matthews
  • Broadman Holman Publishers
  • pp.21-181

2
Your Background?
  • Formal education (undergrad, graduate)
  • ANE
  • Source criticism (Documentary hypothesis, JEDP)

3
Some Terminology
  • Torah (Heb) Law
  • Pentateuch (Grk) five part book
  • Gen, Exod, Lev, Num, Deut
  • Originally, one book
  • Tanakh Law, Prophets, Writings
  • Structural marker toldot (account, generations)

4
Matthews Bias RE Genesis
  • One mind shaped the book Moses
  • Author/compiler
  • Not an autonomous book, but part of the
    Pentateuch
  • Thus, our understanding of Genesis should be
    informed by the rest of the Pentateuch

5
First Things First
  • What is the first thing a reader must do in
    order to read and understand Genesis (or any
    other written text)?
  • Switch to Forms of Biblical Literature PPT
  • Then take the quiz

6
Genre or Literary Form
Adapted from Sidney Greidanuss The Modern
Preacher and the Ancient Text (Eerdmans Pub, 1988)
7
2. Literary Genesis (25)
  • Compared to a stained-glass window (25)
  • Collected arranged by the author/compiler
  • Producing a coherent, unified story…
  • The content of Gen 111 (primeval history)
    distinguishes it from Gen 1250 (patriarchal
    stories)
  • Toldot (account, generations)
  • Most prominent literary device
  • The books framing device

8
Toldot
9
ANE Parallels
  • Similarities between 1-11 Babylonian myths
  • A guest speaker will compare contrast these
  • The primary pitfall is that the analysis does
    not give sufficient weight to the toldot
    device…the most noticeable redactional feature….
    (31)
  • Toldot should be seen as evidence of pre-Genesis
    sources that have been…modified

10
How does toldot function?
  • To introduce the following section?
  • As referring to what preceded?
  • Matthews argues for both, citing usage outside
    Genesis (in Numbers in Ruth)
  • Toldot binds the preceding section to the next
    section (34)

11
(2) Contents
  • Matthews sees toldot as a hinge device
  • 1123, no previous material, not needed
  • 24426, (see p.35)
  • 5168, (see p.36)
  • 69929, (see p.36)
  • 101119, (see p.37)
  • 1110-26, (see p.37)
  • Etc. etc. etc.

12
Conclusion
  • Toldot is a hinge device linking preceding
    material to the next section (41)
  • The genealogies are the strongest indicator that
    written sources were used in the writing of
    Genesis…
  • BUT, the genealogies are not preserved entirely
  • Toldot historically joins Israels history with
    the beginnings of the cosmos (41)

13
Oops!
  • The next two slides are out of order, but I was
    too lazy to find where they belong, and then put
    them there.
  • But I like these two thoughts so much that I did
    not want to delete them.
  • Dont write this poorly on your papers!

14
Two Definitions
Exegesis careful, systematic study of the
Scripture to discover what the text meant to the
original recipients
Hermeneutics the task of hearing the same
meaning as the original readers heard seeking
the contemporary relevance of ancient texts
(The latter includes the former)
15
The Basic Rule
A text cannot mean what it never could have meant
to its author or his readers.
16
Theology
  • 1. Patriarchal promises, p.55
  • Blessing
  • Seed
  • Land

17
Theology
  • 2. God and His World (60)
  • 3. Human Life (61)
  • 4. Sin (61)
  • 5. Civilization (62)
  • 6. Covenant (62)

18
Interpreting Genesis
  • Documentary Hypothesis (J, E, P)
  • Jewish interpretation

19
(2) Jewish Interpretation
  • Peshat
  • Interpretation based on the historical context of
    the passage and the normal grammatical meaning of
    the Hebrew
  • Midrash
  • Interpreted the passage without regard for the
    historical context of the passage or the normal
    grammatical meaning of the Hebrew
  • The text contains several hidden meanings

20
(3) Christian Interpretation
  • From the time of Augustine to the Reformers,
    allegory reigned supreme.
  • What is wrong with allegorical interpretations?
    (66ff)

21
(4) Pentateuchal Criticism
  • In the mid-1500s, John Calvin moved interpreters
    away from allegorization
  • In the late 1800s, Wellhausen and others moved to
    scientific interpretation (71f)

22
(4) Pentateuchal Criticism
  • Authorship date
  • Sources
  • Form and tradition history
  • Revisionist trends
  • Traditional
  • Literary readings
  • Canonical readings

23
(4) Pentateuchal Criticism
  • Canonical readings
  • Childs
  • the proper stance of the critic toward the
    Bible a person of faith in the community who
    views the text as Scripture
  • interpretation begins with the final form of the
    canon approaching the text as Scripture
    provides the referential orientation of historic
    Israel (85)
  • Sanders canonical criticism is the natural
    extension of historical-critical methods

24
(4) Pentateuchal Criticism
  • Literary readings
  • Reader response criticism
  • Deconstruction

pp.012f
25
Matthews Conclusions (85)
  • Although modernity has focused on the
    preliterary stages of Genesis, the rich
    precritical history of interpretation found that
    the canonical shape of the book was edifying for
    synagogue and church. (85)
  • …Attention to the holistic nature of the
    biblical text will persist, but the old atomizing
    methods…are still very much alive and remain
    standard in most universities and many mainline
    denominational seminaries. (85)

26
Caveat
  • 2. Numerous and sometimes quite striking alleged
    agreement do not guarantee that the nonbiblical
    text is a true parallel that can serve as a
    window for interpreting the Hebrew passage. (86)
  • Who borrowed from whom?
  • 3. Many alleged parallels result from extracting
    a superficial similarity without due regard for
    the context of the pagan or biblical text. (86)

27
Matthews Conclusion
  • There is no myth comparable to the literary
    composition of Genesis 1-11. (88)
  • Instead, biblical Genesis shows a rejection of
    pagan ideas.
  • Ancient magic?

28
Extrabiblical Parallels
  • Creation and Mankind
  • Eden
  • Long-lived Patriarchs
  • Flood

29
7. Creation Contemporary Interpretation
  • Two models Creationism Naturalism
  • Creationism YEC/scientific creationism
  • Naturalism atheistic or scientific naturalism
  • The singularity particle and the bag bing
  • Abiogenesis or spontaneous generation
  • Macroevolution

30
(2) Problems in Interpretation
  • So mammoth and complex is the discussion that we
    can only briefly refer to what we believe are the
    two central problems that underlie diverse
    interpretations of biblical creation
  • What is the proper relationship between Scripture
    and modern science? And
  • What is the literary genre of the Genesis
    description? (107)
  • Badger Matthews is profoundly correct!

31
Matthews Commentary
  • Im assuming you have read pp.112-181
  • We may invoke portions of this later

32
Badgers Law tm
  • For every argument, there is an equal and
    opposite argument.
  • Seemingly, anyway.
  • If this is true, what determines your position?

33
Excursus Magic
34
T H E E N D
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