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Judaism, Christianity and Islam on Stem Cell Research

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1995: Clinton approves federally funded research on discarded embryos created by ... The next day Bush vetoed the bill. Around the World ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Judaism, Christianity and Islam on Stem Cell Research


1
Judaism, Christianity and Islam on Stem Cell
Research
  • By Ashley Loetscher
  • 6/4/07

2
What is Stem Cell Research?
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vPFtbezNjuuImodere
    latedsearch
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vicrRFrMiEPwmodere
    latedsearch
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vOM16PalZaj4modere
    latedsearch

3
Conservative vs. Liberal
  • Conservative Literal Translation of the Bible
  • Liberal More Compromising Translation of the
    Bible

4
Jewish Perspective
  • Human Life Begins at Birth
  • Killing a Fetus ? Killing an Adult
  • 40 Days (mere water)
  • After the 41st day act of self-injury not murder

5
Christian Perspective
  • Human Life begins at Conception
  • An embryo is still considered human

6
Islamic Perspective
  • Conception, 40 Days, 120 Days
  • Ensoulment Happens 120 Days After Conception
    (Hadith says an angel blows the soul into the
    fetus)

7
The Nature of Life (Judaism)
  • The Lord God formed man out of the clay of the
    ground and blew into his nostril the breath of
    life, and so man became a living being (Gen 27)

8
The Nature of Life(Christianity)
  • You formed my inmost being you knit me in my
    mothers womb. I praise you, so wonderfully you
    made me wonderful are your works! My very self
    you knew my bones were not hidden from you, when
    I was being made in secret, fashioned as in the
    depths of the earth. Your eyes foresaw my
    actions in your book all are written down my
    days were shaped, before one came to be (Psalm
    13913-16)
  • Hear me, O coastlands, listen, O distant
    peoples, the Lord called me from birth, from my
    mothers womb he gave me my name (Isaiah 491)
  • Before I formed you in the womb I knew you,
    before you were born I dedicated you a prophet
    to the nations I appointed you (Jer 15)
  • When Elizabeth heard Marys greeting, the infant
    leaped in her womb, and Elizabeth, filled with
    the holy Spirit, cried out in a loud voice and
    said, Most blessed are you among women, and
    blessed is the fruit of your womb (Luke 141-42)

9
The Nature of Life(Islam)
  • Man, We did create from a quintessence (of
    clay) Then We placed him as (a drop of) sperm in
    a place of rest, firmly fixed Then We made the
    sperm into a clot of congealed blood Then of
    that clot We made A fetus lump then We Made out
    of that lump, bones and clothed the bones with
    flesh then We developed out of it another
    creature (Surah 2312-14)

10
The Nature of God(Judaism)
  • Monotheistic religion
  • Rejects the idea of human cloning
  • Hear, O Israel! The LORD is our God, the LORD
    alone! (Deut 64)

11
The Nature of God(Christianity)
  • Rejects the idea of human clothing
  • John 11-18 But to those who did accept him he
    gave power to become children of God, to those
    who believe in his name, who were born not by
    natural generation nor by human choice nor by a
    mans decision but of God (John 112-13).

12
The Nature of God(Islam)
  • He Who created Death and Life, that He may try
    which of you is best in deed, and he is the
    Exalted in Might, oft Forgiving (Surah 672)
  • Proclaim! (or Read!) In the name of they Lord
    and Cherisher, who created--created man, out of a
    (mere) clot of congealed blood (Surah 961-2)

13
Human Dignity(Judaism)
  • You shall not kill (Exod 2013).
  • When men have a fight and hurt a pregnant woman,
    so that she suffers a miscarriage, but no further
    injury, the guilty one shall be fined as much as
    the womans husband demands of him, and he shall
    pay in the presence of the judges. But if injury
    ensues, you shall give life for life, eye for
    eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for
    foot, burn for burn, wound for wound, stripe for
    stripe (Exod 2122-23).
  • Fathers shall not be put to death for their
    children, nor children for their fathers only
    for his own guilt shall a man be put to death
    (Deut 2416).

14
Human Dignity(Christianity)
  • Children too are a gift from the Lord, the fruit
    of the womb, a reward (Psalms 1273)
  • Owe nothing to anyone, except to love one
    another for the one who loves another has
    fulfilled the law. The commandments, You shall
    not commit adultery you shall not kill you
    shall not steal you shall not covet, and
    whatever other commandment there may be, are
    summed up in the saying, You shall love your
    neighbor as yourself. Love does no evil to the
    neighbor hence, love is the fulfillment of the
    law (Romans 138-10).

15
Human Dignity(Islam)
  • Kill not your children on a plea of want-We
    provide sustenance for you and them-come not nigh
    to shameful deeds whether open or secret take
    not life, which Allah hath made sacred, except by
    way of justice and law (Surah 6151)

16
The Political Scene
17
Timeline
  • 1969 First in vitro human fertilization
  • 1973 Roe v Wade legalized abortion
  • 1995 Clinton approves federally funded research
    on discarded embryos created by in vitro
    fertilization
  • 1998 privately funded research leads to
    breakthrough discovery of hSEC thus causing
    Clinton to rethink funding guidelines
  • 2001 Bush says funding will not be approved for
    hSEC cells not already existing
  • 2004 California can now spend more than 3
    billion dollars over the next ten years on stem
    cell research

18
Political Scene Continued
  • In July 2006, the Senate passed the Stem Cell
    Research Enhancement Act
  • The next day Bush vetoed the bill

19
Around the World
  • The United Nations has adopted laws prohibiting
    therapeutic cloning
  • The World Health Organization is opposed to bans
    on stem cell research
  • The Council of Europes Convention on Human
    Rights and Biomedicine bans the creation of
    embryos solely for research purposes
  • The UK is one of the leaders in stem cell
    research
  • China has one of the most unrestricted policies
    on stem cell research

20
Around the World
  • Supportive Sweden, Finland, Belgium, Greece,
    Britain, Denmark, the Netherlands, Japan, India,
    Iran, Israel, South Korea, China
  • Illegal Germany, Austria, Ireland, Italy,
    Portugal, most of Africa (except S. Africa), most
    of South America (except Brazil)
  • Partially Support US and Australia

21
2008 Presidential Election
  • Democrats pro-choice
  • Republicans pro-life
  • Giuliani is pro-choice

22
Questions?
23
Sources
  • http//72.14.253.104/search?qcache3bxUpH4NY8oJw
    ww.ama-assn.org/ama1/pub/upload/mm/384/cc1_0505.pd
    fquranverseoninception120dayshlenctclnk
    cd1glusclientsafari
  • http//www.pfaith.org/islam.htm
  • http//www.jlaw.com/Articles/stemcellres.html
  • http//personal.nbnet.nb.ca/mercury/c_clone.html
  • http//www.cnn.com/2006/POLITICS/07/19/stemcells.v
    eto/index.html
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stem_cell_research_po
    licy
  • http//news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/4562235.stm
  • http//www.uscj.org/Embryonic_Stem_Cell_5809.html
  • http//www.orthodoxresearchinstitute.org/articles/
    ethics/hodges_stem_cell_research.htm
  • http//www.islamicinstitute.org/pressr/news-stem-c
    ell.htm
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