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Priorities of sandinista govt, 1980s

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Established health clinics, schools, housing, cooperative farms w/credit for farmers. El Salvador, 1970s. Electoral fraud & protest = violence ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Priorities of sandinista govt, 1980s


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Priorities of sandinista govt, 1980s
  • repairing destruction of war
  • planting sufficient food crops for popn
  • paying off natl debt
  • much incurred by Somoza corruption
  • Expropriated Somoza properties for state
  • 40 GNP
  • Established health clinics, schools, housing,
    cooperative farms w/credit for farmers

3
El Salvador, 1970s
  • Electoral fraud protest violence
  • Mothers protested disappearances of kids
  • kidnapped, raped tortured by military
  • Death squads targeted reformist priests
  • Archbishop Romero spoke against attacks on
    peasants
  • murdered by military, March 1980

4
Salvadoran guerrillasFMLN Martí Front for
National Liberation
  • united after Archbishop Romeros assassination,
    1980
  • target of U.S.-funded natl guard in El Mozote,
    1981
  • 3 billion U.S. aid to Salvadoran govt,
    1982-88
  • Washington backed moderate reform candidates to
    deflect political victories by FMLN
  • FMLN responseeconomic sabotage
  • destroyed coffee economy electrical grid
  • 1993 Truth Commission report
  • 95 killings by govt death squads military,
    vs. FMLN

5
U. S. Interventions in the Caribbean Central
America 1898-1945
5
6
Alliance for Progress (JFK, 1960s)
  • To promote U.S.-friendly, capitalist governments
  • Message social revolution achievable via
    capitalism, too
  • We call for social change by free menchange in
    the spirit of Washington Jefferson, of Bolivar
    and San Martín and Martínot change which seeks
    to impose on men tyrannies which we cast out a
    century and a half ago. Our motto is what it has
    always been progress yes, tyranny no. (JFK
    to Lat Am diplomatic corps, 1961)

7
Alliance for Progress as anti-Communist effort
  • The evidence is clear, and the hour is late.
    We and our Latin friends will have to face the
    fact that we cannot postpone any longer the real
    issue of the survival of freedom in this
    hemisphere itself. On that issuethere can be no
    middle ground. Together we must build a
    hemisphere where freedom can flourish and where
    any free nation under outside attack of any kind
    can be assured that all of our resources stand
    ready to respond to any request for assistanceNo
    greater task faces this Nation or this
    administration. (JFK to Press Corps, 1961)

8
Liberation Theology, 1970s
  • Christ-centered social protest political
    engagement
  • organized around base communities of
    scriptural interpretation
  • Faith as guide to local global social justice
    commitment
  • Christ as humble worker (carpenter, fisherman)
  • sign of gods love for poor
  • Along with religious political consciousness
    raising, estd health clinics, clean water
    supplies
  • Liberal church became voice of resistance to
    dictatorships

9
Dom Helder, Brazilian Archbishop
  • Outspoken critic of Brazilian military
  • dictatorship, 1960s-70s
  • When I feed the poor, they call me a saint.
    When I ask why they are poor, they call me a
    subversive.

10
Tlatelolco Massacre, Mexico 1968
  • student movement for democratization
  • June vicious police response to gang fight
  • University students organized in response
  • against political complacency of PRI party
  • September army occupied University City
  • Mexico to host Olympics starting Oct. 18
  • Oct. 2 300 protesters killed by natl guard
    police during mass demonstration
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