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Egyptian Contributions

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You will learn who built the ancient pyramids of Egypt and how they were used. ... On the way you learned about the many contributions of Ancient Egypt. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Egyptian Contributions


1
Egyptian Contributions
  • 2nd Grade
  • Created by Catherine H. Harrison

2
Introduction
  • Did you ever wonder about Ancient Egypt?
  • What did our Egyptian ancestors leave behind?
  • What exactly is Hieroglyphics?
  • And, what about those Ancient Pyramids?
  • Well climb aboard the Ancient Express, and take
    a trip in time to Ancient Egypt. On your
    journey, you will discover the answers to all of
    these questions and much more!

3
Tasks
  • As you ride the Ancient Express, you will use
    your travel journal to write down your
    discoveries and thoughts on the contributions of
    Ancient Egypt. You will create your name and
    decipher a message using Hieroglyphics. You will
    learn who built the ancient pyramids of Egypt and
    how they were used. And you will build your own
    pyramid with pictures depicting the important
    contributions of this ancient civilization.

4
Process
Step 1 Click on the Scroll use your travel jour
nal to read about the three areas of
contributions made by the Egyptians. Then answer
a the thought question that goes along with the
discovery. Step 2 Click on the Cartouche
to create your own Egyptian Cartouche and create
your own name in hieroglyphics. In your Journal
decipher the hidden message using the
Hieroglyphics Reference Page.
Step 3 Using Kidspiration to create an Eg
yptian Pyramid and decorate with pictures and
words to illustrate the contributions of the
Ancient Egyptians.
Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
5
Conclusion
  • We have come to the end of our journey. On the
    way you learned about the many contributions of
    Ancient Egypt. You created your own cartouche and
    printed your name in hieroglyphics. You
    deciphered an Egyptian Hieroglyphic code. You
    even built your own Pyramid!
  • Job well done,
  • Explorers!

6
Evaluation
  • Egyptian Contributions
  • Web Quest Rubric

7
Resources
  • Virginia State SOLs and the PWCS Social Studies
    Instructional Support Team lesson and activity
    models
  • My Second Grade Teachers Resource Notebook
  • The Mini Page 1997 Universal Press Syndicate
    Daily Press Tues. March 3, 1997
  • abc teach - www.abcteach.com
  • Web Site of the Snaith Primary School -
    http//home.freeuk.net/elloughton13/egypt.htm
  • Pyramid Power - http//www.seaworld.org/fun-zone/f
    un-guides/egypt/pyramid-power.htm
  • Color Me Egypt - http//touregypt.net/kids/
  • Hieroglyphs Say What? - http//www.pbs.org/wgbh/n
    ova/pyramid/hieroglyph/
  • Pyramid Pattern - http//www.enchantedlearning.com
    /crafts/Pyramid.shtml
  • A Walk Through Time - http//physics.nist.gov/GenI
    nt/Time/ancient.html
  • Papyrus 101 - http//www.lib.umich.edu/pap/exhibit
    s/papyrus_making/index.html
  • Mark Millmore's Ancient Egypt -
    http//www.eyelid.co.uk/e-name.htm

8
Step 1 -Travel Journal
Step 1
Step 2












Step 3
9
Step 2 -Hieroglyphics
  • Use the following links to create your own
  • Egyptian Cartouche Name in
    Hieroglyphics
  • - Back in Ancient times, one could
  • tell a pharaohs name from a
  • common person because it
  • was placed on a Cartouche.
  • Print your Cartouche and your name
  • Paste them into your journal
  • In your Journal decipher the hidden message using
    the

Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
Hieroglyphics Reference Page
10
Hieroglyphic Alphabet
Back to Step 2
11
Step 3 Pyramids
  • Build a Pyramid
  • Click on the Eye to connect to Kidspiration.
  • Using Kidspiration to create an Egyptian Pyramid
    and decorate with pictures and words to
    illustrate the contributions of the Ancient
    Egyptians.

Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
12
Written Language
  • Hieroglyphics
  • The Ancient Egyptians loved to write and draw.
    With that love, they created their own written
    language using pictures. The official language of
    the Ancient Egyptians was Hieroglyphics. This
    language is made up of pictures or hieroglyphs
    that represented words, letters, or a combination
    of letters.
  • Ancient Egyptians wrote Hieroglyphics on the
    walls of their homes, pyramids, tombs, and on
    papyrus scrolls. Back then, children could write
    on their walls and not get in trouble with mom.
  • Original Hieroglyphics started out very simple.
    If there was a picture of a bird it meant bird.
    But over time, that simple bird picture became
    the letter M.
  • People started to get confused about what
    pictures mean what. Over time, no one could
    remember what the pictures meant.
  • In 1799, a stone called the Rosetta Stone was
    found by the French in Northern Egypt. On each
    side of this special stone there were three
    different languages telling the same story. One
    of the languages was Hieroglyphics. The other two
    languages were Demotic and Greek. People could
    still read Greek and so they compared the Greek
    words with the Hieroglyphic symbols and began to
    understand what each picture meant.
  • In 1822, Jean Fancois Champollion began study
    Hieroglyphics and he figured out that some of
    pictures were for letters, some were for words
    and some were for ideas. His work helped
    Archaeologists read the walls and works of the
    Ancient Egyptians and learn more about this time
    in history.

Back To Journal
13
Inventions Page 1
  • Egyptian Calendar
  • The Ancient Egyptians created the first known
    365-day Calendar. They created it in order to
    mark the passage of years and to record special
    or significant events.
  • Their calendar was originally based on the phases
    of the moon until they found the Sirius star
    (Dog Star) rises up every 365 days. This was
    also about the time the Nile river flooded the
    Egyptian valley.
  • Egyptian Clocks
  • Obelisks (slender, tapering, four-sided
    monuments) had moving shadows that created an
    almost sundial, allowing Egyptians to split the
    day in half, morning and afternoon. This clock
    showed the year's longest and shortest days by
    how the shadows moved. Markers around the base of
    the Obelisks helped show more division of time
    during the day.

Back To
Back To Journal
Inventions Page 2
14
Inventions Page 2
  • Papyrus
  • Egyptian Paper
  • Papyrus means two things. First, it is the plant
    that is grown in Lower Egypt near the Nile River.
    Second, papyrus is the paper that is made from
    the papyrus plant.
  • Papyrus paper was made by laying the reads of the
    plant in two layers and pressing them together.
  • The Egyptians pressed several of these pages
    together to create scrolls.
  • To see how papyrus plants are made into paper,
    click on the link below

Back To Journal
Inventions Page 1
How Papyrus is Made Slide Show
15
Architecture - Pyramids
  • Egyptian Pyramids
  • When most people think Egypt, they think
    Pyramids.
  • The Egyptians built two types of Pyramids, the
    Step Pyramid and the true Pyramid
  • The Pyramids were built as tombs. They were
    places to burry the Kings and Pharaohs of Ancient
    Egypt.
  • They were built to protect the Pharaohs body.
  • Inside the Pyramids were mazes and dead-ends in
    order to protect the Pharaohs body somewhere in
    the Pyramid.
  • Buried with the Pharaoh, there were all of his
    treasures that he/she wanted to take in the
    afterlife.
  • The Egyptian Pyramids are hand-made. They are
    made of huge blocks made of sand, clay and
    stone.
  • The Great Pyramid or Khufu is the largest
    pyramid ever built. It is over 450ft high.

Back To Journal
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