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The Hebrews

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Hebrews, or Jews, are members of the Jewish people, an originating in the ... Yiddish ... Jews, based primarily on German with words taken from Hebrew and many other ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Hebrews


1
The Hebrews
  • History of the Jewish People

2
Who are the Hebrews?
  • Hebrews, or Jews, are members of the Jewish
    people, an originating in the
    Israelites of the ancient Middle East. The
    ethnicity is strongly related to the __________
    of Judaism, and converts to Judaism are
    ____________ among the Jewish people

3
The Biblical account
  • The earliest stories of the origins of the Jews
    come from what they call the __________ for
    Christians it is the first five books of the
    Bible
  • Genesis
  • Exodus
  • Leviticus
  • Numbers
  • Deuteronomy
  • These books are like long chapters in the story
    of the development of the Jewish people

4
The Beginning
  • The story begins in Genesis (which fittingly
    means the beginning or origin)
  • Adam and Eve
  • The first Man and Woman are Adam and Eve.
    According to Jewish tradition, all peoples can
    trace their heritage to these two.
  • Adam and Eve break Gods law and are punished by
    __________ from Him.

5
Abraham
  • Additional time passes
  • Yahweh seeks to reconnect with man again and
    establishes a relationship with a man named Abram
    and his wife Sarai.
  • As an act of obedience to Yahweh, Abram and Sarai
    leave their home and travel to the land of
    __________ - the area of what is now the nation
    of Israel.
  • Yahweh gives Abram and Sarai new names as a sign
    of this relationship. He also promises that
    __________ will be the father of a great nation
    even though he and Sarah are childless.

6
The Children of Abraham
  • Sarah did not believe she could have children so
    she had Hagar (her handmaiden) have a child with
    Abraham.
  • From this union, __________ was born
  • In Jewish and Islamic traditions, Ishmael is the
    ancestor of the Arab people.
  • Later, Sarah miraculously gives birth to
    Abrahams son, __________ .
  • Isaac marries Rebekah and they have a set of
    twins.

7
Jacob
  • The twins are named Esau and __________ . (For
    our purposes, Jacob is the more important child)
  • Later Jacob enters into a relationship with
    Yahweh and is given a new name.
  • Israel has __________ sons who become the heads
    of the twelve tribes of the nation, Israel.
  • Note that Jacobs new name is also the name of
    the people group they are called the __________
    and they are the ancestors to the modern day
    Jewish people.

8
Egypt
  • Because of __________ , Israel/Jacob and his
    family move to Egypt (this is the story of Joseph
    and his coat of many colors now a modern
    musical).
  • It is in __________ that the nation of Israel
    grows and multiplies.
  • Some time passes and the Pharaoh begins to
    __________ the Israelites.

9
Moses
  • Yahweh sees the suffering of Abrahams
    descendents and raises up a leader Moses.
  • Through various miracles, Pharaoh decides to let
    the Israelites go the Parting of the __________
    occurs.
  • This story is taken up in the next book, Exodus

10
The Rest of the Story
  • Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers Deuteronomy

11
The Promised Land
  • Yahweh calls the Israelites HIS people they
    consider themselves the __________ of God.
  • Yahweh promises them a land filled with milk and
    honey the land of __________ .
  • They conquer the land under the leader named
    Yehoshua or __________ (does this sound similar
    to the name Jesus? Yehoshua means Yahweh is
    salvation)

12
Characteristics of the Religion
  • People that are set apart different from all
    other people groups and therefore must live
    according to Yahwehs laws.
  • 10 __________
  • Also rules regulations concerning clothing,
    food, special __________ days, and many other
    aspects of every day life.
  • The concept of __________ and unclean
  • Monotheistic contrary to the __________
    religion of many of their neighbors.
  • Religious life centered around the __________

13
Tribal Governments to Kingdom
  • The Promised Land was divided into areas for the
    tribes to live in. They had __________ that would
    lead them into battle when threatened, and decide
    between disputes.
  • The Israelites asked Yahweh for a king they got
    __________ and then later David and Davids son,
    Solomon.

14
End of the Israel Kingdom
  • After several generations, the kingdom split into
    two nations __________ and Israel.
  • Then they were both defeated in battle because of
    the sinful ways of the kings and the people.
    Yahweh used other nations to correct his
    children.
  • They were conquered but allowed to come back and
    re-established their communities centered around
    the __________ Temple.

15
After Biblical Records
  • Roman period to today

16
Dispersion of the Jews
  • Several hundred years later
  • Under the Roman Empire, the Israelites often now
    called the __________ or Jews were dispersed
    throughout Roman lands, especially in modern day
    Europe.
  • However there was always a remnant of the people
    in the Promised Land.
  • The majority of the Jewish people were homeless
    minorities throughout several nations.
  • Their religion became centered around synagogues
    and a __________ which means teacher

17
Medieval and Enlightenment Persecutions 1066-1782
(roughly)
  • Many nations in __________ Europe persecuted them
    and for many Jews the only occupation left to
    them was __________ .
  • Later, countries like England and France expelled
    Jews.
  • This led to a great number moving to Poland and
    to Russia
  • In the late 1800s, pogroms - which are organized,
    often officially encouraged massacre or
    persecution of a minority group - pushed many in
    Russia and Poland to immigrate to America or join
    the Zion movement in Palestine

18
Modernity
  • In the late 1800s rising Anti-Semitism sparked
    the __________ movement for the Jewish people to
    find a home for their people again.
  • In 1948, __________ controlled Palestine (once
    called the Land of __________) became the new
    Nation of Israel.
  • According to Jewish tradition, this is a
    fulfillment of Yahwehs promise that their people
    would be gathered from the four corners of the
    earth back to Jerusalem or Zion.
  • In a secular understanding the Jewish people
    determined that they would _____________ have to
    be a minority in someone elses nation.

19
Jewish Culture
20
Religious Writings
  • Torah
  • 24 books broken up into three sections
  • The Hebrew Bible
  • Talmud
  • collection of teachings from early rabbis
  • Rabbi
  • religious teacher, leader of a synagogue
  • Cabala
  • mystical commentary on the Torah
  • Hasidic Jews

21
Holidays
  • Rosh Hashanah New Year
  • Holy Day
  • begin introspection, looking back at the mistakes
    of the past year and planning the changes to make
    in the new year
  • Yom Kippur
  • Day of Atonement. A day set aside for fasting,
    depriving oneself of pleasures, and repenting
    from the sins of the previous year.

22
Holidays
  • Passover
  • Holiday commemorating the Exodus from Egypt. The
    holiday also marks the beginning of the harvest
    season.
  • Chanukkah - Hanukkah
  • the Jewish festival of rededication, also known
    as the festival of lights, is an eight day
    festival
  • Driedel game

23
Holidays
  • Chanukkah Hanukkah - continued
  • According to tradition as recorded in the Talmud,
    at the time of the rededication, there was very
    little oil left that had not been defiled by the
    Greeks.
  • Oil was needed for the menorah (candelabrum) in
    the Temple, which was supposed to burn throughout
    the night every night.
  • There was only enough oil to burn for one day,
    yet miraculously, it burned for eight days, the
    time needed to prepare a fresh supply of oil for
    the menorah.

24
Other Info
  • Yiddish
  • The "international language" of European Jews,
    based primarily on German with words taken from
    Hebrew and many other languages, and written in
    the Hebrew Alphabet
  • Kaddish
  • Kaddish is commonly known as a mourner's prayer,
  • but the prayer itself has nothing to do with
    death or mourning.
  • The prayer begins "May His great Name grow
    exalted and sanctified in the world that He
    created as He willed.
  • Why then is it said in the mourning period?

25
Who is a Jew?
  • A Jew is any person whose mother was a Jew or any
    person who has gone through the formal process of
    conversion to Judaism.
  • The liberal movements, on the other hand,
    consider a person to be Jewish if either of his
    parents was Jewish and the child was raised
    Jewish.
  • Non-Jews are called Gentiles

http//www.jewfaq.org/whoisjew.htm
26
Who is a Jew?
  • It is important to note that being a Jew has
    nothing to do with what you believe or what you
    do.
  • A person born to non-Jewish parents who has not
    undergone the formal process of conversion but
    who believes everything that Orthodox Jews
    believe and observes every law and custom of
    Judaism is still a non-Jew

http//www.jewfaq.org/whoisjew.htm
27
Who is a Jew?
  • In this sense, Judaism is more like a nationality
    than like other religions, and being Jewish is
    like a citizenship.
  • Once a person has converted to Judaism, he is not
    referred to by any special term he is as much a
    Jew as anyone born Jewish.

http//www.jewfaq.org/whoisjew.htm
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