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Deploying and Managing Software by Using Group Policy

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Managing Windows Installer settings with Group Policy ... Automatically contacts Windows Update Web site. Downloads available operating system updates ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Deploying and Managing Software by Using Group Policy


1
Deploying and Managing Software by Using Group
Policy
  • Chapter Twelve

2
IntelliMirror Components and Change and
Configuration Management Concepts
  • Change and configuration management can have a
    significant impact on the bottom line of the
    organization
  • Hard costs vs. soft costs
  • Hard costs equipment, software
  • Soft costs peoples salaries
  • IntelliMirror is a tool to help manage change and
    configuration

3
IntelliMirror
  • Features
  • Data management
  • Desktop settings management
  • Software installation and maintenance
  • Offline Files

4
Understanding the Phases of Software Management
  • Preparation Phase
  • Distribution Phase
  • Targeting Phase
  • Pilot Phase
  • Installation Phase

5
Preparation Phase
  • Will the software be installed locally, or on a
    central server?
  • What users will need access to the new
    application?
  • Do you have enough licenses?
  • Will the network infrastructure support the
    deployment design?
  • Will the software be assigned or published?
  • Windows Installer service
  • Can fully automate software installation and
    configuration process
  • Can repair installed applications
  • Requires Windows Installer package for each
    application

6
Distribution Phase
  • Define distribution points
  • Copy the installation files to the distribution
    points or perform an administrative installation
    to the distribution points

7
Targeting Phase
  • Determine the needs of the users
  • Use Group Policy to create and/or modify GPOs in
    order to target the software to specific users
    and groups

8
Pilot Phase
  • A trial phase in a lab environment for
    troubleshooting and debugging
  • This phase is often skipped in smaller companies
  • Can reduce downtime and inefficiency

9
Installation Phase
  • In this phase the software is rolled out to users
    who are set up to receive it
  • For native Windows 20003 applications, you will
    probably use Windows Installer
  • For third-party software, you will need plug-ins

10
Creating and Configuring Windows Installer
Packages
  • Windows Installer technology overview
  • Managing Windows Installer settings with Group
    Policy
  • Creating Windows Installer packages with
    WinINSTALL LE
  • If no .msi file available
  • Option to use another file type
  • Called ZAP (.zap) file
  • .zap file limitations
  • Can only be published and not assigned
  • Are not resilient and do not repair themselves
    automatically
  • Always use permissions of currently logged on user

11
Windows Installer Technology Overview
  • New features
  • Software diagnostics and repair
  • Repair if .dll is deleted or corrupted
  • Complete uninstallation of software
  • Multiplatform capability

12
Windows Installer Technology Overview
  • Windows Installer Packages
  • MSI files that contain instructions pertaining to
    the installation and removal of applications
  • Windows Installer settings can be managed with
    the Group Policy Editor
  • Packages should be saved to SYSVOL for
    replication purposes

13
Windows Installer Technology Overview
  • .msi
  • Windows Installers Package
  • .msp
  • Windows Installer Patch
  • Windows Installer patch (.msp) file can also be
    provided
  • .mst
  • Modify default options of Windows Installer
    package
  • Windows Installer Transform
  • Allows administrator to customize options when
    application is installed

14
Managing Windows Installer Settings with Group
Policy
  • Windows Installer settings can be applied to
    either the user or the computer

15
Managing Windows Installer Settings with Group
Policy
  • Key settings
  • Always Install With Elevated Privileges
  • Disable Media Source For Any Install
  • Enable User To Use Media Source While Elevated
  • Disable Windows Installer

16
Creating Windows Installer Packages with
WinINSTALL LE
  • WinINSTALL LE is used to install non-Windows
    20003 certified programs
  • When creating packages use a clean operating
    system use an average computer

17
Managing Software Deployment Through the Software
Installation Snap-in
  • Through Software Installation, you can manage the
    following
  • Deploying applications
  • Applying upgrades and patches
  • Uninstalling software

18
Requirements for Software Installation
  • Group Policy dependency
  • Active Directory dependency
  • Works best with Windows Installer applications
  • Works with non-Windows Installer applications

19
Configuring Software Deployment
  • Group Policy can be used to deliver applications
    to
  • Users
  • Computers
  • Application is delivered to user
  • Available on every computer used by that user
  • Application is delivered to computer
  • Remains on that computer and is available to all
    users of that computer

20
Assigned vs. Published Applications
  • Assigned applications appear in the Start menu or
    as desktop icons and reappear even if users
    uninstall using Add/Remove Programs Computer
    User Configuration
  • Published applications are made available through
    Add/Remove Programs, but a user must explicitly
    install them in order to use them User
    Configuration Only

21
Assigned Applications
  • Assigned to computer
  • Application automatically installed next time
    that computer is started
  • Visible to all users of computer
  • Self-healing if associated files are deleted
  • Assigned to user
  • Applications shortcut(s) advertised on Start
    menu
  • By default, application is not actually installed
  • Application follows user around
  • Self-healing if associated files are deleted
    (.dlls)

22
Published Applications
  • Can only publish to users
  • User can install application
  • By accessing Add or Remove Programs in Control
    Panel
  • User can use document invocation to install
  • Application installed when use opens document

23
Assigned vs. Published Applications
  • Assigned applications are automatically installed
    if assigned to a Computer
  • Assigned applications are automatically installed
    when user selects application from start menu
  • Published applications are installed selectively
    by user

24
Using the Software Installation Snap-in
  • Configuring Software Installation properties

25
Using the Software Installation Snap-in
  • Configuring package properties
  • General
  • Deployment
  • Upgrades
  • Categories
  • Modifications
  • Security

26
Using the Software Installation Snap-in
  • Categories to make published software easier to
    locate by organizing into meaningful groups in
    Add or Remove Programs
  • Software categories created in one GPO are
    available to all other GPOs in domain
  • Create an extension to all automatic installation
    of software. (.html for browser)

27
Configuring the Software Installation Properties
28
Software Categories in Add or Remove Programs
29
Maintaining Deployed Software
  • Auto-install this application by file extension
    activation
  • Uninstall this application when it falls out of
    the scope of management
  • Do not display this package in the Add/Remove
    Programs control panel
  • Install this application at logon
  • Installation user interface options

30
Mandatory Upgrade
  • New major version of software package available
  • All users must upgrade to new version
  • Old package is removed
  • New package is installed
  • Not suitable for deploying service packs or hot
    fixes

31
Optional Upgrade
  • Used when new major version of software package
    available
  • Optional
  • User with older version installed
  • Must install upgrade using Add or Remove Programs
  • User without software installed
  • Installs newer version

32
Redeployment
  • Force application to reinstall itself everywhere
    that it is already installed
  • Used for service pack or hotfix
  • New .msi file can be copied right over old one

33
Using the Software Installation Snap-in
  • Deploying a new package

34
Using the Software Installation Snap-in
  • Deploying a new package

35
Configuring Automatic Operating System Updates
  • Configure Group Policy to automatically update
  • Windows 2000
  • Windows XP Professional
  • Windows Server 2003
  • Must be running automatic update client
  • Configure computer to automatically download
    operating system updates from
  • Microsoft Windows Update Web site
  • Local Software Update Services (SUS) server

36
SUS
  • Allows administrator to manage operating system
    updates for every client from single location
  • Automatically contacts Windows Update Web site
  • Downloads available operating system updates

37
SUS Requirements
  • Running Windows 2000 Server with Service Pack 2
    or higher
  • Internet Information Server 5 or higher must be
    installed
  • Internet Explorer 5.5 or higher must be installed

38
Example SUS Infrastructure
39
Removing Deployed Software
  • Application must have been originally installed
    using a Windows Installer package
  • Removing software when user or computer moves out
    of scope
  • User or Computer moved from OU where package was
    assigned

40
Forced Removal
  • Automatically uninstalls application from all
    computers
  • Takes place either
  • Next time the computer restarts
  • For computer-based policies
  • When the user logs on
  • For user-based policies

41
Optional Removal
  • Does not remove any of installed copies of
    software
  • Does not perform any future installations either
  • Applications that were never installed
  • No longer appear in Add or Remove Programs
  • If users remove the application
  • They are not able to reinstall it

42
Removing Deployed Software
43
Troubleshooting Software Deployment
  • First step
  • Troubleshoot Group Policy
  • Check
  • No Override option
  • Block Inheritance option
  • ACL permissions
  • Loopback Processing Mode
  • WMI filters
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