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A VIRTUAL FIELD TRIP OF THE SILK ROAD

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I LUV to lie around the oasis and listen to my Dad and uncle's stories. ... I have my eyes fixed on a lush, fertile, green pasture. LUNCH! ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: A VIRTUAL FIELD TRIP OF THE SILK ROAD


1
A VIRTUAL FIELD TRIP OF THE SILK ROAD
Lake Middle School Ms Schnurrenberger Hartville,
Ohio
Click Here to Begin the Journey
2
GEOGRAPHY OF THE SILK ROAD
  • Changan
  • Dunhuang
  • Taklamakan
  • Kashgar
  • The Pamirs
  • Tashkent
  • Transoxiana
  • Herat
  • Baghdad
  • Damascus
  • Tyre
  • Byzantium

3
The Legend of Silk
  • A legend tells that the Chinese discovered silk
    in 2700 BC when Xilingshi, a rulers wife,
    noticed worms eating a prized mulberry tree. She
    dropped a cocoon into hot water and watched the
    thread unwind. Xilingshi then used the thread to
    weave a beautiful piece of cloth. No one knows
    whether this story is true or false, but silk has
    been produced throughout the Huang He Valley
    since 2700 BC.

4
I LUV to lie around the oasis and listen to
my Dad and uncles stories. I cant WAIT to go
and Im VERY happy youre going with me. As we
head out I guess I better pay attention to the
geography. Dad says that sometimes it gets
really treacherous and even dangerous out there.
Sometimes being the key word. But come on, a
little adventure never hurt anyone. (Even the old
folks)
HEY guys! My name is Bailey. Im a Bactrian
Camel and Im getting ready to make my first
AWESOME journey across the Silk Road with you.
(Actually, I wont be going the whole way. In
Herat you will continue the journey with my
cousin Drory.)
The Silk Road is over 5000 miles long and
consists of different terrain along different
parts. It is very long and will be boring at some
parts, but it still should be LOADS of fun! Many
people in fact have lost their way and their
lives while on this fantastic journey. It just
adds to the fun of the trip right!?! I hope we
dont get lost! Are you ready? Let me hear an ARE
YA READY? LETS DO THIS THING!!! We will begin
our long trek in Changan, also known as Xian.
5
FASCINATING FACT
The Bactrian Camels, like Bailey, were loyal
companions for traders and often led them to
water. These camels could carry 400 to 500 pounds
of goods. Did you know that camels are very timid
and can be frightened by a rabbit. The camels
wore bells so that small animals would be warned
and would hide. If the camel got lost it could
also be found by listening for its bell.
CLICK ON MOMED TO RETURN TO INTRO
6
Ive never seen so many sand dunes in my life!
Im glad I can supply my own water. My human is
dying of thirst.
7
As we were walking along the drab steppe of
Kazakhstan we saw plenty of these beautiful, wild
tulips. I tried to eat one, but my human wouldnt
let me stop.
8
CHANGAN
We are ready to start our adventure. The bags on
my back are full of precious silk and exotic
goods to trade and sell on the way. We begin in
Changan, which will be known in the future as
Xian, the City of Eternal Peace. During the Han
dynasty it was the capital of China. The city
marks the easternmost end of the Silk Road. It
is the first leg of our journey and we will
experience the steppe, the first terrain that is
typical of the Silk Road. The weathers not too
hot, theres water around and theres grass for
me and my camel friends to eat. The steppe land
is very dry and flat, somewhat similar to prairie
land and covered with some shrubs. This dry, flat
land is easy to cross. There are several major
cities and villages located on these steppe
lands. As we leave the city walls we will see a
Buddhist temple on a nearby hillside. Some of
the traders will go in to say prayers for a safe
trip.

Click here to Continue to the next stop
9
DUNHUANG

The oasis town of Dunhuang, is an important
trading and supply center for caravans. It will
later grow into a great religious and tourist
center as well. Here most of the traders on our
caravan will visit the Mogao Grottoes, also known
as the Caves of a Thousand Buddhas. They will
offer their prayers in order to receive good luck
before they begin their trek across the dangerous
Taklamakan Desert. I hope they say a prayer for
me too since Im the one carrying all of their
stuff!! Some members of our caravan will buy
horses and other supplies and then head back to
China. We will continue on our journey.
Click here to Continue to the next stop
10
Ahhhh.Camel heaven! Moon Crescent Lake is
where the oasis meets the desert. Ill make sure
I eat and drink up here. Who knows when I may get
another chance!
11
FASCINATING FACT
Click on the terra cotta soldiers to learn more
about the history of Changan.
CLICK ON MOMED TO RETURN TO CHANGAN
12
Front entrance to the Mogao Grottoe.
13
FASCINATING FACT
The Mogao Caves are set into a cliff of Echoing
Sand Mountain about 25km southeast of Dunhuang.
This honeycomb of caves was constructed from the
4th to the 14th centuries, and represents the
height of Buddhist art and the world's richest
treasure house of Buddhist sutras, murals and
sculptures.

CLICK ON MOMED TO RETURN TO DUNHUANG
14
TAKLAMAKAN
  • And now the part of the trip Ive been
    fearingthe Taklamakan Desert. Dad and Uncle Carl
    have told some pretty scary stories about men AND
    camels who lost their lives in this desert. Its
    name means desert of death in the native Uighur
    Turkish language. We will walk along the northern
    edge of the desert, just south of the snow-capped
    peaks of the Tian Shan Mountains.
  • The desert, of course, is VERY hot and dry.
    Temperatures can range between boiling heat
    during the day and freezing cold at night. Our
    caravan will choose to travel this perilous
    desert at night. And then there are the
    towering sand dunes, the rocky flats, tangled
    willow thickets and dry riverbeds which will make
    crossing the desert even more difficult. Im glad
    I am a strong and hardy Bactrian Camel. Im a
    little more use to this type of terrain than my
    two-legged friends.
  • Lets stick close together my friend. It is
    said that people who walk into the Taklamakan
    Desert never come out again.

Click here to Continue to the next stop
15
KASHGAR
  • WHEW!!! It was a hot and tiring trip across the
    desert. We seem to be picking up speed as we get
    closer and closer to the oasis city of Kashgar. I
    have my eyes fixed on a lush, fertile, green
    pasture. LUNCH!!! You will be able to have your
    pick from a variety of foods. Kashgar is famous
    for its fruit.
  • The Kashgar River and the Yarkant River help to
    keep the fields and vineyards irrigated so that
    dates, melons, and grapes can be grown easily.
  • Yun Foo, the Chinese trader and his friends are
    trading their silk for dried dates, raisins,
    jade, and other local products to take back to
    China. I notice other traders are joining us.
  • We will spend a little time here in order to
    rest up, trade for local products and replenish
    our supplies for the next dangerous part of our
    journey-The Pamir Mountains. If you thought the
    Taklamakan Desert was bad, I have been told that
    the mountains are worse. Okay. Im scared..

Click here to Continue to the next stop
16
So what are they saying? Drop the catbox? Cash
box? Casbah? Kashgar? This is a song about a
shareef from the Middle East that tried to ban
music in his kingdom. It didnt work. When he
wasnt around the people would start rocking.
17
FASCINATING FACT
The Taklamakan Desert is located in Central Asia
and is one of the largest sandy deserts in the
world. It is also known as the sea of death,
and the desert of irrevocable death. It is the
second largest desert on Earth.
CLICK ON MOMED TO RETURN TO TAKLAMAKAN
18
THE PAMIRS
  • As we began our slow, laborious march, I
    stopped in my tracks and looked up. The mountains
    that were before us were the highest Ive ever
    seen. Granted, I havent seen that many
    mountains, BUT these were huge! Some of the
    traders were talking in low voices about the
    narrow, high-walled valleys beside rushing
    rivers. I sure hope we dont meet up with another
    caravan! Theres not enough room on some of these
    trails for more than one person to walk, let
    alone a camel packed down with hundreds of pounds
    of goods and supplies.
  • As we trod along I noticed the traders ahead of
    us shivering from the sudden drop in temperature.
    The altitudes in the Pamirs are extremely high
    which causes such low temperatures. We now have
    to walk in the snow. A big commotion was
    happening behind us. Seems that two traders and
    their camel just fell through the ice of the
    frozen river. Unfortunately, there is no rescuing
    possible. Is it not enough that we must be
    careful with every step we take, but there is
    word of thieves and bandits hiding and ready to
    attack. Im not sure Im enjoying this adventure
    anymore.
  • How about you?

Click here to Continue to the next stop
19
This is my Aunt Armea. Her feet are large, flat
and round which keeps her from sinking into sand
and snow. She moves both feet on one side of her
body, then both feet on the other which causes
her to rock back and forth. My uncle LOVES to
watch her sway!
20
FASCINATING FACT
Do you know why they called this section of the
Silk Road the Trail of Bones? Because so many
men and animals died along the way from falls and
sudden sandstorms in the high, cold passes. Their
skeletal remains, unfortunately, could be seen
along the route.
CLICK ON MOMED TO RETURN TO PAMIRS
21
TASHKENT
  • Okay..That was NOT fun!! After almost two
    weeks of long hard traveling in the mountains, we
    are finally on our way down and not any too soon
    as far as Im concerned. Were all lucky to have
    survived and Im not sure if asked that I want to
    ever do that again. Although, it will make for
    some good stories back home among the herds.
    Anyway my trader says the rest of the journey is
    what weve been waiting for and more. We now will
    be able to visit all of the fine trading centers
    and markets and we will travel mostly across
    steppe land.
  • The first city we come upon is Tashkent which
    is the eastern edge of the Persian cultural
    world. It is a welcome oasis at the foothills of
    the mountains. Here the last of the Chinese will
    trade their silk for horses who are said to be
    the strongest and the toughest in the world, but
    not as tough as camels I bet.

Click here to Continue to the next stop
22
Even though the Chinese wanted the strongest and
toughest horses, the medieval Muslims knew which
animal was the best! Camels were called the Gift
of God and the Ships of the Desert.
23
FASCINATING FACT
The horses the Chinese brought back from Tashkent
were said to sweat blood. Since the Chinese
thought this was supernatural they called them
Celestial or Heavenly Horses. Later, it was
discovered that the blood was not actually sweat
but was caused by parasites under the skin of the
horses.
CLICK ON MOMED TO RETURN TO TASHKENT
24
TRANSOXIANA
  • Word around the campfire last night was that as
    we head into Transoxiana the traders need to keep
    a close eye out for the nomadic tribes that make
    this land their home. They tend not to be
    friendly and will attack and take riches, goods,
    supplies and lives. Great!! Sounds like more
    trouble lies ahead.
  • Transoxiana is a Latin word that means beyond
    the Oxus river. That makes sense since the river
    acts as a natural border. There are two major
    trading cities in the southern portion of
    Transoxiana Samarkand and Bukhara. The majority
    of the region is dry, but does have fertile
    plains and it is the most northeastern point of
    the Hellenistic culture. All in all the traders
    describe it as wild country, so I doubt if we
    stay long.

Click here to Continue to the next stop
25
There were 3 groups of Rong nomads that attacked
traders along the Silk Road. One group, the
Quanrong, were also known as the Doggy Rong. Now
thats just wrong..
26
HERAT
  • Finally, my last stop on the Silk Road. Herat
    lies on the Harirud River and is a thriving,
    bustling Persian city. It is considered one of
    the most beautiful cities in the area with large
    mosques for Islamic worship. It is situated in a
    fertile river valley and my friends tell me that
    their traders say that Herat has some of the best
    wine around. During the time of the famous Greek
    historian, Herodotus, it was known as the
    bread-basket of Central Asia. You should look
    that up to see what it means.
  • Here we will meet up with my cousin Drory, a
    Dromedary Camel and you will continue your
    journey with him. Im sure you will not have as
    much fun and adventure as we had, but he is more
    familiar with Western Asia than I. Continue with
    your adventure my friend and I will pray outside
    the grotto for your safe return home.

Click here to Continue to the next stop
27
Greetings to you! I understand that you have
faced many adventures on your journey thus far.
Although I am sure Bailey has been a most
effective guide, I feel I will be a far better
escort of this great corridor ahead of us! Please
do not bother my dear cousin by telling him of
this. He is such a sensitive camel.
My name is Drory and I am a Dromedary camel
commonly found in the hot deserts and the steppes
of Arabia. Although Bailey and I share a common
last name, camel, we have many differences. Shall
I share these with you? Most obviously, I have
only one hump whereas Bailey has two. Bactrian
camels are a stockier, hardier breed that enables
them to survive quite well in the harsh
environment in which they live and travel.
On the other hand, my family , the
Dromedaries, are much more stream-lined, are
taller and can move much faster. Bailey and I had
a race one time. I wish not to brag, but I did
win. A Dromedary camel with a rider can maintain
8-9 miles per hour for hours at a time. By
comparison, my poor cousin can only move at about
2.5 miles per hour. Still, he tries hard and
thats what matters. Right?
28
FASCINATING FACT
Dromedaries have an ill-deserved reputation for
being bad-tempered and obstinate creatures that
spit and kick. In reality, they tend to be
friendly, patient, and smart. A camel will show
displeasure by stamping its feet and running.
Pre-historic cave image of camel. Displayed in
National Museum of Mongolian History.
CLICK ON MOMED TO RETURN TO HERAT
29
BAGHDAD
We will continue our journey by traveling on
part of the Royal Road across Persia. You will
notice that much of the land is actually a large
plateau surrounded on three sides by rugged
mountain ranges. This route has a good reputation
of being safe and with plenty of excellent
resting stops along the way. I bet thats a
relief to you after some of your past
experiences. We should arrive in Baghdad, with
luck, in a few weeks. The name Baghdad comes
from the Persian word "bagh" meaning God, and
"dad" meaning gift.  "The gift of God Because
of its location on the Tigris River and that it
was near to all major trade routes, Baghdad
became very rich. Youll notice as we enter the
city that it is bustling with people and animals.
The streets are crowded with caravans. Look over
there! A group of African slaves are carrying
ivory, gold and spices. You can see ships coming
up the river and from the Persian Gulf. We will
soon leave to trade our goods in Damascus, so
dont get too comfortable.

Click here to Continue to the next stop
30
FASCINATING FACT
The Royal Road was used to spread communication
faster in the Persian Empire. The Greek historian
Herodotus wrote, "There is nothing in the world
that travels faster than these Persian couriers."
He went on to say, "Neither snow, nor rain, nor
heat, nor darkness of night prevents them from
accomplishing the task proposed to them with the
very utmost speed." This later became the
inspiration for the unofficial motto of U.S.
postal carriers.
CLICK ON MOMED TO RETURN TO BAGHDAD
31
DAMASCUS
  • Our travels will get shorter now. Approximately
    750 kilometers will get us to Damascus. Ive been
    here many a time my friend. It is a beautiful
    emerald oasis in the middle of a semi-desert. The
    Mediterranean Sea is only but 80 kilometers away.
    Damascus lies on a plateau and is sheltered by
    the Anti-Lebanon Mountains. Youll notice, my
    weary traveling companion, that the city is
    surrounded by an oasis that receives its water
    from the nearby Barada River.
  • Do you see the heavily veiled ladies walking
    among the crowd? They cover themselves like that
    for religious reasons. They are interested in
    buying silk, satin, brocades and thin gauze. The
    bazaar is a maze of shops and stalls where people
    weave in and out trying to find the best deals.
    Do you notice all the beautiful carpets? The
    Islamic Empire makes the finest.

Click here to Continue to the next stop
32
FASCINATING FACT
You have heard of the magic carpets in stories
and fairy tales. Of course there are no real
magic carpets, but the Persians put magic into
their carpets by making them with glowing colors
and intricate designs. During the Islamic Empire,
carpets were found in both the caliphs palaces
as well as shepherds tents.
CLICK ON MOMED TO RETURN TO DAMASCUS
33
TYRE
  • Look ahead, my friend, and you will see the
    city of Tyre. Its name means rock. It
    originally was two separate trading centers, one
    located on a heavily fortified island and the
    other on the coast. The coast was used for a
    source of water and wood for the main island
    city. When Alexander the Great conquered the city
    he ordered a man-made bridge built in order to
    connect the two. Here, some goods will be loaded
    on to ships and sent to other locations farther
    west. If were lucky our traders will find some
    of the well-built, mosaic roads to travel on.

Click here to Continue to the next stop
34
Later you will learn about another culture that
built roads to connect its empire!
35
FASCINATING FACT
The city of Tyre was known for its rare purple
dye, known as Tyrian purple. This color was, in
many cultures of ancient times, reserved for the
use of royalty, or at least nobility.
CLICK ON MOMED TO RETURN TO TYRE
36
BYZANTIUM
  • We have finally arrived at our destination,
    Byzantium, where Europe and Asia meet. I can see
    the fatigue etched into your face my friend, but
    also the amazement in your eyes as you scan the
    multitude of different people that have gathered
    here to trade. Byzantium is located on a
    peninsula, that overlooks the Bosporus, a narrow
    strait between the Sea of Marmara and the Black
    Sea. Byzantium is a natural crossroads of trade
    and also the wealthiest part of the Roman Empire.
  • Do you notice the garments worn by the wealthy
    people are made of silk cloth? Spices, jewels and
    other luxury goods were also traded, but maybe
    most importantly ideas and technology were
    exchanged that led to improvements in the lives
    of people from the East and the West.

37
It has been most pleasurable to travel with you.
I hope you have a better understanding of the
perils and hardships that travelers have to face
in order to trade along the famous Silk Road.
38
FASCINATING FACT
No Chinese merchant ever visited ancient Rome,
and no ancient Roman ever traveled on the Silk
Road to the Chinese capital of Changan.
CLICK ON MOMED TO RETURN TO BYZANTIUM
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