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Marie Curie

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Marie Sklodowska Curie s Childhood Family Background: Marie Sklodowska was born in November 7, 1867 in a stately townhouse on Feta Street, Warsaw Poland into a ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Marie Curie


1
Marie Sklodowska Curies Childhood
2
Family Background
  • Marie Sklodowska was born in November 7, 1867 in
    a stately townhouse on Feta Street, Warsaw Poland
    into a family of teachers. Later she became known
    as the famous Marie Curie. In her childhood, she
    was known as "Manya". She was the youngest of
    five children. She was descended from lower
    aristocracy, known as Szlachta.
  • Throughout her life, Marie prided herself on
    intellectual achievements rather than material
    possessions.

3
Maria Sklodowska's birthplace on Ulica
Freta in Warsaw's New Town
4
Siblings
  • Her sister are Sophie (Zosia), who died of
    typhus fever, Brosnilawa (Bronya) and Helena
    (Hela). Her only brother was Joseph (Jozio).

Sophie (Zosia), Brosnilawa (Bronya), Manya
(Marie), Joseph (Jozio) and Helena (Hela)
5
Father
  • Wladyslaw Sklodowski was a professor of physics
    and mathematics. He was a school principal and
    ran several schools including a boys reformatory
    during his career as a teacher. His children
    thought of him as a walking encyclopedia.
  • He put his career on the line by encouraging
    children of peasant families to study and
    allowing them in the same classes with the
    children of the nobility.

6
Marya Sklodowski, behind her father, Wladyslaw,
with her sisters Bronya and Helena (at right).
7
Mother
  • Bronislawa Sklodowski had an enormous influence
    on all of her childrens lives, and ran a school
    for girls, where Marie went to Warsons Pension
    Sikorska, a private school for girls. Where she
    was the brightest student.
  • Maries mother got the disease tuberculosis, a
    major infectious disease in the late nineteenth
    century, from Wladyslaws brother who came to
    live with them.

8
  • After several expensive rest and cures in the
    south of France, she died in 1878 from TB when
    Marie was only nine years old.

Bronislawa Sklodowski, Marie Curies mother
9
Youth and Childhood
  • The Sklodowski family was very educated and
    cultured, but they struggled financially, as
    Poland was occupied by Russia and Germany.
    Following the death of her sister and mother, she
    lost faith in her Roman Catholic religion and
    become an agnostic.
  • Even as a little girl, Marie was fascinated by
    her father's scientific instruments. She would
    watch them for hours, asking him what they were
    used for.

10
  • This early fascination for science stayed with
    her all her life. Like her siblings, Marie spoke
    fluent Polish, Russian, German and French as well
    as English.

Marie Curie's High School Diploma
11
Schooling
  • Right from her childhood, Marie was an
    outstanding student and exhibited an
    exceptionally strong memory. At the same time,
    she was so much interested in study that at
    times, she used to forget to eat food or even
    have her sleep. She graduated from a Russian
    lyceum at the age of fifteen and came first in
    her class. She also received a gold medal on
    completion of her secondary education.

12
  • Marie was encouraged to study physical science by
    her cousin, Jozef Boguski, the director of the
    Warsaw Museum of Industry. He allowed her to do
    experiments in physics and chemistry on the
    weekends at the museum Marie lived in poverty
    all her life. Rather than defeat her, the
    hardships she endured strengthened her.
  • She spent eight years working as a tutor and a
    governess to support her family and earn enough
    money to attend the Sorbonne in Paris. In her
    spare time, she studied mathematics and physics
    on her own.

13
  • Finally, in November, 1891, aged 24, Manya
    Sklodowski arrived in Paris to join her sister,
    and enrolled herself at the University of Paris
    as Marie Sklodowski. She studied mathematics,
    physics and chemistry and was the only woman at
    the Sorbonne. She got her undergraduate degree in
    1893, coming first. She completed her Master's
    Degree in Mathematics, from University of Paris
    in 1895.

14
Thank you for watching
15
Life is not easy for any of us. But what of
that? We must have perseverance and above all
confidence in ourselves. We must believe that we
are gifted for something and that this thing must
be attained
.... Marie Curie
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