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The Sabbath Day

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The Sabbath Day Does God require Christians to observe the Sabbath day? Introduction Many Jews today, according to their traditions, keep the Sabbath, worshipping and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Sabbath Day


1
The Sabbath Day
  • Does God require Christians to observe the
    Sabbath day?

2
Introduction
  • Many Jews today, according to their traditions,
    keep the Sabbath, worshipping and resting on the
    seventh day of the week, Saturday
  • Even some so-called Christian groups such as
    Seventh-day Adventists also claim to observe the
    Sabbath today as Gods required day of worship

3
Introduction
  • They insist all Christians must observe the
    Sabbath, seventh day of rest, today in order to
    please God
  • Why do they believe this teaching?
  • Why do we reject their teaching and worship on
    Sunday, the first day of the week?
  • May we all humbly and reverently search the
    Scriptures together

4
No Evidence Of Anyone Keeping The Sabbath Before
God Spoke To Israel
  • Common misleading teaching is the Sabbath, rest
    on the 7th day of week, was universally
    commanded by God from the beginning
  • Truth Moses speaks of what God did after 6 days
    of Creation, He rested on 7th day
  • Nothing revealed about what humanity should do to
    observe the Sabbath

5
No Evidence Of Anyone Keeping The Sabbath Before
God Spoke To Israel
  • Nothing revealed about penalties for not
    observing Sabbath
  • First mention of God commanding humanity
    regarding Sabbath was to Israel after the exodus
  • No evidence that anyone before Exodus 16 ever
    observed the Sabbath in any way

6
After Creation, God rests On The Seventh Day
  • Gen 21 Thus the heavens and the earth were
    completed, and all their hosts.
  • Gen 22 By the seventh day God completed His
    work which He had done, and He rested on the
    seventh day from all His work which He had done.
  • Gen 23 Then God blessed the seventh day and
    sanctified it, because in it He rested from all
    His work which God had created and made.

7
God First Gave Sabbath Commandment To Israel
  • Exo 1622 Now on the sixth day they gathered
    twice as much bread, two omers for each one. When
    all the leaders of the congregation came and told
    Moses,
  • Exo 1623 then he said to them, "This is what
    the LORD meant Tomorrow is a sabbath observance,
    a holy sabbath to the LORD. Bake what you will
    bake and boil what you will boil, and all that is
    left over put aside to be kept until morning."

8
The Sabbath, Part Of The Law Of Moses, Old
Covenant, Given Only To Israel
  • Law of Moses, including the Sabbath, given to
    Israel only at Mount Sinai
  • The Sabbath was a sign of the covenant God had
    made with Israel
  • Violators of the Sabbath were to be put to death
  • The Sabbath was also to remind Israel that God
    had rescued them from Egyptian slavery

9
Sabbath, Part of Law of Moses, Given To Israel
Only
  • Exo 208 "Remember the sabbath day, to keep it
    holy.
  • Exo 209 "Six days you shall labor and do all
    your work,
  • Exo 2010 but the seventh day is a sabbath of
    the LORD your God in it you shall not do any
    work, you or your son or your daughter, your male
    or your female servant or your cattle or your
    sojourner who stays with you.

10
Sabbath, Part of Law of Moses, Given To Israel
Only
  • Exo 2011 "For in six days the LORD made the
    heavens and the earth, the sea and all that is in
    them, and rested on the seventh day therefore
    the LORD blessed the sabbath day and made it
    holy.

11
Sabbath, Part of Law of Moses, Given To Israel
Only
  • Neh 913 "Then You came down on Mount Sinai, And
    spoke with them from heaven You gave them just
    ordinances and true laws, Good statutes and
    commandments.
  • Neh 914 "So You made known to them Your holy
    sabbath, And laid down for them commandments,
    statutes and law, Through Your servant Moses.

12
The Sabbath A Sign of Gods Covenant With Israel
  • Exo 3112 The LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
  • Exo 3113 "But as for you, speak to the sons of
    Israel, saying, 'You shall surely observe My
    sabbaths for this is a sign between Me and you
    throughout your generations, that you may know
    that I am the LORD who sanctifies you.

13
The Sabbath A Sign of Gods Covenant With Israel
  • Exo 3114 'Therefore you are to observe the
    sabbath, for it is holy to you. Everyone who
    profanes it shall surely be put to death for
    whoever does any work on it, that person shall be
    cut off from among his people.
  • Exo 3115 'For six days work may be done, but on
    the seventh day there is a sabbath of complete
    rest, holy to the LORD whoever does any work on
    the sabbath day shall surely be put to death.

14
The Sabbath A Sign of Gods Covenant With Israel
  • Exo 3116 'So the sons of Israel shall observe
    the sabbath, to celebrate the sabbath throughout
    their generations as a perpetual covenant.'
  • Exo 3117 "It is a sign between Me and the sons
    of Israel forever for in six days the LORD made
    heaven and earth, but on the seventh day He
    ceased from labor, and was refreshed."

15
Death Was The Penalty For Violating The Sabbath
  • Exo 3114 'Therefore you are to observe the
    sabbath, for it is holy to you. Everyone who
    profanes it shall surely be put to death for
    whoever does any work on it, that person shall be
    cut off from among his people.
  • Exo 3115 'For six days work may be done, but on
    the seventh day there is a sabbath of complete
    rest, holy to the LORD whoever does any work on
    the sabbath day shall surely be put to death.

16
The Sabbath A Reminder To Israel of Their Rescue
From Slavery
  • Deu 51 Then Moses summoned all Israel and said
    to them "Hear, O Israel, the statutes and the
    ordinances which I am speaking today in your
    hearing, that you may learn them and observe them
    carefully.
  • Deu 52 "The LORD our God made a covenant with
    us at Horeb.
  • Deu 53 "The LORD did not make this covenant
    with our fathers, but with us, with all those of
    us alive here today.

17
The Sabbath A Reminder To Israel of Their Rescue
From Slavery
  • Deu 512 'Observe the sabbath day to keep it
    holy, as the LORD your God commanded you.
  • Deu 513 'Six days you shall labor and do all
    your work,

18
The Sabbath A Reminder To Israel of Their Rescue
From Slavery
  • Deu 514 but the seventh day is a sabbath of the
    LORD your God in it you shall not do any work,
    you or your son or your daughter or your male
    servant or your female servant or your ox or your
    donkey or any of your cattle or your sojourner
    who stays with you, so that your male servant and
    your female servant may rest as well as you.

19
The Sabbath A Reminder To Israel of Their Rescue
From Slavery
  • Deu 515 'You shall remember that you were a
    slave in the land of Egypt, and the LORD your God
    brought you out of there by a mighty hand and by
    an outstretched arm therefore the LORD your God
    commanded you to observe the sabbath day.

20
Jesus Kept The Sabbath Because He Lived Under The
Law Of Moses
  • Many will say we should keep the Sabbath today as
    Jesus did
  • Jesus kept not only the Sabbath but all the Law
    of Moses without sin
  • He also commanded others to keep the Law of Moses
  • But, His apostles nowhere command Christians to
    keep the Sabbath or the Law of Moses

21
Jesus Lived Under The Law of Moses
  • Gal 44 But when the fullness of the time came,
    God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born
    under the Law,
  • Gal 45 so that He might redeem those who were
    under the Law, that we might receive the adoption
    as sons.

22
Jesus Perfectly Kept The Law of Moses Including
The Sabbath
  • 1Pe 222 WHO COMMITTED NO SIN, NOR WAS ANY
    DECEIT FOUND IN HIS MOUTH
  • Heb 415 For we do not have a high priest who
    cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but One
    who has been tempted in all things as we are, yet
    without sin.

23
While On Earth, Jesus Commanded Other Jews To
Keep The Law of Moses
  • Mar 141 Moved with compassion, Jesus stretched
    out His hand and touched him, and said to him,
    "I am willing be cleansed."
  • Mar 142 Immediately the leprosy left him and he
    was cleansed.

24
While On Earth, Jesus Commanded Other Jews To
Keep The Law of Moses
  • Mar 143 And He sternly warned him and
    immediately sent him away,
  • Mar 144 and He said to him, "See that you say
    nothing to anyone but go, show yourself to the
    priest and offer for your cleansing what Moses
    commanded, as a testimony to them."

25
The Sabbath Day
  1. No evidence of anyone keeping the Sabbath before
    God spoke to Israel
  2. The Sabbath, part of the Law of Moses, old
    covenant, given only to Israel
  3. Jesus kept the Sabbath because He lived under the
    Law of Moses
  4. Jesus ended the Law of Moses including the
    Sabbath and established His new covenant

26
Jesus Ended The Law Of Moses Including The
Sabbath And Established His New Covenant
  • In His death, after living a sinless life on
    earth, Jesus fulfilled and ended the old covenant
  • In His blood, perfect sacrifice, He established
    the new covenant by which both Jews and Gentiles
    must be saved
  • The old covenant including the Sabbath was
    intended to be temporary, replaced by the gospel

27
In Jesus Death, He Ended Old Covenant and
Established New Covenant
  • Col 213 When you were dead in your
    transgressions and the uncircumcision of your
    flesh, He made you alive together with Him,
    having forgiven us all our transgressions,
  • Col 214 having canceled out the certificate of
    debt consisting of decrees against us, which was
    hostile to us and He has taken it out of the
    way, having nailed it to the cross.

28
In Jesus Death, He Ended Old Covenant and
Established New Covenant
  • Col 215 When He had disarmed the rulers and
    authorities, He made a public display of them,
    having triumphed over them through Him.
  • Col 216 Therefore no one is to act as your
    judge in regard to food or drink or in respect to
    a festival or a new moon or a Sabbath day--

29
In Jesus Death, He Ended Old Covenant and
Established New Covenant
  • Col 217 things which are a mere shadow of what
    is to come but the substance belongs to Christ.

30
In Jesus Death, He Ended Old Covenant and
Established New Covenant
  • Rom 74 Therefore, my brethren, you also were
    made to die to the Law through the body of
    Christ, so that you might be joined to another,
    to Him who was raised from the dead, in order
    that we might bear fruit for God.
  • Rom 75 For while we were in the flesh, the
    sinful passions, which were aroused by the Law,
    were at work in the members of our body to bear
    fruit for death.

31
In Jesus Death, He Ended Old Covenant and
Established New Covenant
  • Rom 76 But now we have been released from the
    Law, having died to that by which we were bound,
    so that we serve in newness of the Spirit and not
    in oldness of the letter.

32
In Jesus Death, He Ended Old Covenant and
Established New Covenant
  • Eph 213 But now in Christ Jesus you who
    formerly were far off have been brought near by
    the blood of Christ.
  • Eph 214 For He Himself is our peace, who made
    both groups into one and broke down the barrier
    of the dividing wall,

33
In Jesus Death, He Ended Old Covenant and
Established New Covenant
  • Eph 215 by abolishing in His flesh the enmity,
    which is the Law of commandments contained in
    ordinances, so that in Himself He might make the
    two into one new man, thus establishing peace,
  • Eph 216 and might reconcile them both in one
    body to God through the cross, by it having put
    to death the enmity.

34
In Jesus Death, He Ended Old Covenant and
Established New Covenant
  • Heb 86 But now He has obtained a more excellent
    ministry, by as much as He is also the mediator
    of a better covenant, which has been enacted on
    better promises.
  • Heb 87 For if that first covenant had been
    faultless, there would have been no occasion
    sought for a second.

35
In Jesus Death, He Ended Old Covenant and
Established New Covenant
  • Heb 88 For finding fault with them, He says,
    "BEHOLD, DAYS ARE COMING, SAYS THE LORD, WHEN I
    WILL EFFECT A NEW COVENANT WITH THE HOUSE OF
    ISRAEL AND WITH THE HOUSE OF JUDAH

36
In Jesus Death, He Ended Old Covenant and
Established New Covenant
  • Heb 89 NOT LIKE THE COVENANT WHICH I MADE WITH
    THEIR FATHERS ON THE DAY WHEN I TOOK THEM BY THE
    HAND TO LEAD THEM OUT OF THE LAND OF EGYPT FOR
    THEY DID NOT CONTINUE IN MY COVENANT, AND I DID
    NOT CARE FOR THEM, SAYS THE LORD.

37
In Jesus Death, He Ended Old Covenant and
Established New Covenant
  • Heb 813 When He said, "A new covenant," He has
    made the first obsolete. But whatever is becoming
    obsolete and growing old is ready to disappear.

38
Sabbath, Circumcision, Levitical Priesthood and
Law of Moses All Temporary
  • Exo 3116 'So the sons of Israel shall observe
    the sabbath, to celebrate the sabbath throughout
    their generations as a perpetual covenant.'
  • Gen 179 God said further to Abraham, "Now as
    for you, you shall keep My covenant, you and your
    descendants after you throughout their
    generations.

39
Sabbath, Circumcision, Levitical Priesthood and
Law of Moses All Temporary
  • Gen 1710 "This is My covenant, which you shall
    keep, between Me and you and your descendants
    after you every male among you shall be
    circumcised.
  • Exo 4015 and you shall anoint them even as you
    have anointed their father, that they may
    minister as priests to Me and their anointing
    will qualify them for a perpetual priesthood
    throughout their generations."

40
Sabbath, Circumcision, Levitical Priesthood and
Law of Moses All Temporary
  • Gal 319 Why the Law then? It was added because
    of transgressions, having been ordained through
    angels by the agency of a mediator, until the
    seed would come to whom the promise had been
    made.
  • Gal 324 Therefore the Law has become our tutor
    to lead us to Christ, so that we may be justified
    by faith.
  • Gal 325 But now that faith has come, we are no
    longer under a tutor.

41
Sabbath, Circumcision, Levitical Priesthood and
Law of Moses All Temporary
  • Gal 53 And I testify again to every man who
    receives circumcision, that he is under
    obligation to keep the whole Law.
  • Gal 54 You have been severed from Christ, you
    who are seeking to be justified by law you have
    fallen from grace.

42
No Positive New Testament Authority For
Christians To Observe The Sabbath
  • As Christians, we are concerned with having
    Divine authority for whatever we do in serving
    Christ
  • Authority expressed in commands, promises,
    apostolic approved examples and necessary
    conclusions

43
No Positive New Testament Authority For
Christians To Observe The Sabbath
  • 9 of the 10 Commandments repeated in New
    Testament
  • Observing the Sabbath Day is nowhere mentioned in
    the New Testament
  • Divine authority informs us that Christians met
    and worshipped on the first day of the week

44
Must Have Divine Authority For All We Do In
Serving Christ
  • Mat 2125 "The baptism of John was from what
    source, from heaven or from men?" And they began
    reasoning among themselves, saying, "If we say,
    'From heaven,' He will say to us, 'Then why did
    you not believe him?'
  • Col 317 Whatever you do in word or deed, do all
    in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks
    through Him to God the Father.

45
Some of The 9 of 10 Commandments Repeated In New
Covenant
  • Rom 138 Owe nothing to anyone except to love
    one another for he who loves his neighbor has
    fulfilled the law.
  • Rom 139 For this, "YOU SHALL NOT COMMIT
    ADULTERY, YOU SHALL NOT MURDER, YOU SHALL NOT
    STEAL, YOU SHALL NOT COVET," and if there is any
    other commandment, it is summed up in this
    saying, "YOU SHALL LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR AS
    YOURSELF."

46
Some of The 9 of 10 Commandments Repeated In New
Covenant
  • Rom 1310 Love does no wrong to a neighbor
    therefore love is the fulfillment of the law.

47
Divine Authority For Christians To Worship On
First Day of The Week
  • Act 207 On the first day of the week, when we
    were gathered together to break bread, Paul began
    talking to them, intending to leave the next day,
    and he prolonged his message until midnight.

48
Divine Authority For Christians To Worship On
First Day of The Week
  • 1Co 161 Now concerning the collection for the
    saints, as I directed the churches of Galatia, so
    do you also.
  • 1Co 162 On the first day of every week each one
    of you is to put aside and save, as he may
    prosper, so that no collections be made when I
    come.

49
The Christian Sabbath Is In Heaven
  • Gal 410 You observe days and months and seasons
    and years.
  • Gal 411 I fear for you, that perhaps I have
    labored over you in vain.

50
The Christian Sabbath Is In Heaven
  • Heb 46 Therefore, since it remains for some to
    enter it, and those who formerly had good news
    preached to them failed to enter because of
    disobedience,
  • Heb 47 He again fixes a certain day, "Today,"
    saying through David after so long a time just as
    has been said before, "TODAY IF YOU HEAR HIS
    VOICE, DO NOT HARDEN YOUR HEARTS."

51
The Christian Sabbath Is In Heaven
  • Heb 48 For if Joshua had given them rest, He
    would not have spoken of another day after that.
  • Heb 49 So there remains a Sabbath rest for the
    people of God.

52
The Christian Sabbath Is In Heaven
  • Heb 410 For the one who has entered His rest
    has himself also rested from his works, as God
    did from His.
  • Heb 411 Therefore let us be diligent to enter
    that rest, so that no one will fall, through
    following the same example of disobedience.

53
The Sabbath Day
  1. No evidence of anyone keeping the Sabbath before
    God spoke to Israel
  2. The Sabbath, part of the Law of Moses, old
    covenant, given only to Israel
  3. Jesus kept the Sabbath because He lived under the
    Law of Moses
  4. Jesus ended the Law of Moses including the
    Sabbath and established His new covenant

54
The Sabbath Day
  1. Those seeking to observe the Law of Moses have
    fallen from grace
  2. No positive New Testament authority for
    Christians to observe the Sabbath
  3. The Christian Sabbath is in heaven
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