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back pain

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Back pain is a very common complaint. According to the Maya Physical Therapy Clinics, USA, approximately 80% of, all Americans will have low back pain at least once in their lives. Back pain is a common reason for absence from work or visiting the doctor's to get for back pain relief. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: back pain


1
Back Pain
2
Introduction
  • If you are suffering from back pain, you are not
    alone. It is estimated that 25 of the people in
    United States suffers from back pain at any given
    time. Back pain can be acute, recurring or
    chronic. Back pain can be caused by
  • Degenerative disk disease
  • Lumbar spinal stenosis
  • Fractures
  • Herniated disc
  • Osteoarthritis and osteoporosis

3
Degenerative disc disease
  • Our spine is made of 33 vertebrae that are
    stacked up on top of one another. There is a
    rubbery piece of cartilage between these
    vertebrae and is called the intervertebral disk.
  • Imagine disk as a tire with gelatin kind of
    substance on the hole of the tire. The tire
    (outer part) is called the annulus and the
    gelatin type of substance is called the nucleus.
  • As we age, or due to some injury, wear and tear
    occurs and we start to lose gelatin type of
    substance and hence the volume of the disk
    decreases. As a result, the space the vertebrae
    decreases and the disk becomes flatter and less
    flexible .
  • When the rough surface of the vertebral joint rub
    together, inflammation occurs and may feel pain
    as the nerves get compressed or irritated. It may
    occur throughout the spine or may confine to one
    disk.

4
Degenerative disc disease symptoms
  • People who have degenerative disk in the neck
    usually feel pain in the arm, shoulder or neck
    region. A degenerative disk in the low back might
    cause pain in the back, buttocks or legs. Most
    often back pain gets aggravated by sitting,
    bending and reaching. The symptoms are at its
    peak in the morning or it worsens by continuous
    sitting or standing. In several cases, since the
    nerve gets compressed, it may lead to numbness,
    tingling and even weakness in arms and legs.

5
Spinal Stenosis
  • Spinal occurs when the spinal canal narrows, and
    as result, the nerve roots/ the spinal cord get
    compressed. This will result in pinching of nerve
    root/spinal cord which leads to pain, numbness,
    weakness and cramping.
  • Depending up on the area where the spinal
    stenosis occurs, the symptoms can be felt in the
    lower back and legs, neck, shoulder or arms.
  • Typically, a person with spinal stenosis
    complains severe pain in legs calves or lowers
    back while standing or walking .Usually walking
    up or down a hill aggravates the pain. The pain
    is often relieved by sitting or leaning forward.

6
Herniated Disc
  • As mentioned in the degenerative disk disease the
    disc becomes flatter and rigid as we age. This
    make is most susceptible injury. In some case the
    gelatin type of the substance (nucleus) can push
    through the rubbery part and can create crack on
    the rubbery part (annulus).
  • Thus herniation or rupture occurs. When the disc
    bugle and come out its normal boundaries it may
    pinch the spinal nerves or spinalcord. Symptoms
    may include tingling, pain or numbness or
    combination of any at back, buttocks or legs.
  • You may find standing comfortable than sitting.
    Certain activities such as bending and reaching
    can worsen the pain.

7
Osteoarthritis
  • Herniated disc causes narrowing of the spine.
    This will put strain on joints, cartilage and
    ligaments. The narrowing of the disc may result
    in the decreased space between the spinal
    joints(facet joints).Since the shape of the disc
    has change, it puts more weight bearing forces on
    the spinal joints. This may result in the wear
    and tear of the cartilages which covers the
    joints.
  • Ultimately, the bone comes in to contact with one
    another which causes enlarged joints, stiffness,
    pain and inflammation.
  • Our body tries to repair itself by growing new
    bones and is called bone spur. This results in
    narrowing of the spine and may result in the
    symptoms like pain, burning sensation, numbness
    or tingling.

8
Osteoporosis
  • Osteoporosis occurs when the bones become porous.
    As result, the bones density decreases, become
    weaker and deformity of the bones occurs. It is
    very important as bones become vulnerable to
    fractures. It can cause spinal compression
    fracture of upper back or thoracic spine

9
What if you have any of these conditions?
  • If you are diagnosed with any of these
    conditions, physical therapy can help you. At
    Maya Physical Therapy, which serves Davie, Cooper
    city and Hollywood has the most experienced
    physical therapists that are specialized in
    treating back pain. Give it a try and see the
    difference!
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