Introduction to Marine Biology - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Introduction to Marine Biology

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Introduction to Marine Biology The Science of Marine Biology b. All the disciplines of biology are represented in Marine Science Chemical Biology Zoology the study ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Introduction to Marine Biology


1
Introduction to Marine Biology
2
The Science of Marine Biology
  • Marine biology is the science of
  • biology applied to the sea.

3
b. All the disciplines of biology are
represented in Marine Science
  • Chemical Biology
  • Zoology ? the study of animals
  • Behavioral Biology

4
c. The history of Marine
  • Archeologists have found piles of shell, the
    remains of ancient clambakes dating back to the
    Stone Age.
  • Fish hooks have been found made of bone

5
Tomb of an Egyptian pharaoh bears a warning
not to eat a puffer, a kind of poisonous fish.
6
Aristotle (Greek philosopher) was considered
to be the first marine biologist.
  • Described many forms of marine life
  • Recognized that gills are the breathing apparatus
    of fish

7
Knowledge of the ocean and its organisms
developed as people gained skills in seamanship
and navigation
  • 1768 ? James Cooked explored all the oceans of
    the world in three great voyages
  • First navigator to use a chronometer (instrument
    allows one to determine their position and to
    create accurate charts)
  • First to include full-time naturalist on board

8
Charles Darwin
  • The most famous shipboard naturalist
  • 1831 ? sailed around the world on the HMS Beagle

9
Charlie Darwin (contd)
  • Proposed a theory for the formation of ATOLLS
    (distinctive rings of coral reef)
  • Was able to collect plankton
  • Tiny floating/drifting animals

10
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11
SONAR
  • SOund NAvigation Ranging
  • Developed during WWII
  • Based on the detection of underwater echoes

12
SONAR (contd)
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