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Pet Encounters

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List steps in preparation of a Pet Encounters group for work in your community. ... Provided with insurance. Where would Sparky fit in? AAT: ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Pet Encounters


1
Pet Encounters
  • A pilot AAT program for frail older adults
  • Gulf Coast Pet Partners
  • Linda L. Buettner
  • Florida Gulf Coast University

2
(No Transcript)
3
Objectives of todays session
  • Describe major conditions of older adults that
    will be addressed in Pet Encounters Groups
  • Detail the skills needed at each of the four Pet
    Encounters stations.
  • List steps in preparation of a Pet Encounters
    group for work in your community.

4
Teams use Human-Animal BondThe human-animal
interaction has existed for centuries evolving
from the use of animals for
  • Survival purposes (food, beasts of burden)
  • Companionship (pets)
  • Therapy agents for various health
  • care needs.

5
The Human-Animal Interaction
  • It is felt the unconditional love and affection
    animals offer can result in improvements in the
    cognitive, physiological, psychological, and
    spiritual aspects of a persons life.
  • (Cole Gawlinski, 2000 Jennings, 1999)

6
Amber Nosey Lady
7
Effects of the Human-Animal Interaction
  • It has been proven through multiple studies that
    patients/clients do benefit from human-animal
    interaction
  • Physiologically decreases blood pressure, heart,
    and/or respiratory rates.
  • Psychologically reduction in anxiety, increased
    alertness and attention span, distraction from
    pain and illness.
  • Psychosocial decreased feelings of loneliness,
    increased verbal communication.
  • Spiritually sense of fulfillment and oneness
    with life and nature.
  • (multiple sources available)

8
Types of Human-Animal Interaction(Apart from
pets in the home)
  • Animal-Assisted Therapy (AAT)
  • Animal-Assisted Activities
  • Service Dog Programs
  • Pet Partners Programs

9
Delta Society
  • MISSIONPromotes animals helping people improve
    health, independence, and quality of life
  • Courses to prepare teams for AAA AAT
  • Pet Encounters fits the mission!

10
Delta SocietyPet Partners
  • 8 hour course
  • Work with pet to develop skills and aptitude for
    therapy work.
  • Pass the PPST and PPAT
  • Retest every 2 years
  • Provided with insurance.

11
Where would Sparky fit in?
12
AAT
  • Refers to goal directed services using trained
    teams to improve or maintain some area of
    function.
  • Each client has a therapy goal, and a trained
    health care provider follows and documents the
    clients progress

13
One health provider with 4 Pet Partners Teams
  • Extends the reach of the health professional
  • Start by providing Delta Society 8 hour course
    for Pet Partners
  • Work with 3-4 teams to set up a AAT group session

14
Why target frail older adults?
  • Chronic diseases of older people are costly
    financially and psychologically.
  • Isolation
  • Quicker and sicker
  • CFPA focuses on Older Adults in SW FL

15
Pet Encounters Manual
  • Describes a system set up to deliver AAT to frail
    older adults
  • 4 Pet Partners teams and one healthcare
    providerPet Encounter Group (PEG)
  • Each session consists of rotating clients through
    4 stations to work on goals.

16
Pet Encounter Group (PEG)
  • Refers to four pet partners teams a health care
    provider who provides clinical oversight
  • Each team has specific training for that
    particular station and tasks to work on there.
  • Clients rotate from station to station and come
    together at the end of each session for a group
    de-briefing relaxation.

17
Chronic Illness
  • Memory Disorders
  • Stroke (CVA)
  • Chronic pain
  • Parkinsons Disease
  • Depression
  • Quality of life of older adults with chronic
    illnesses are severely impacted

18
May not be able to
  • Get out and about
  • Socialize with friends with shared interests
  • Take care of a pet because of limitations

19
Quality of Life and Pet Encounters
  • Successful aging is a combination of these three
    factors(Baltes Baltes, 1996)
  • the avoidance of disease and disability,
  • continued active engagement in life, and
  • the optimize physical, social, and cognitive
    skills

20
Problems you will see
  • Isolation and lack of friends
  • Lack of enjoyable mobility experiences
  • Lack of structure and routine
  • Few opportunities for communication of feelings
    and emotions
  • No motivation to work out or stay active
  • Depression and lack of initiative
  • Limited kind and gentle touch experiences
  • Cant own pet

21
Where???
  • Senior Centers
  • Adult Day Programs
  • Nursing Homes
  • Assisted Living
  • Senior Housing
  • Your community

22
Setting up a Pet Encounters Group
  • Step 1 Find three-four teams who will commit to
    working together.
  • 90 minutes total per week
  • 6-8 weeks in a setting
  • Step 2 Find a therapist or nurse who will
    provide clinical oversight.
  • Step 3 Find a supportive environment to do the
    program in.

23
The PEG program environment
  • 1. People with frailties need a quiet, orderly
    environment with structure.
  • 2. For safety, maintain uncluttered stations and
    pathways.
  • 3. Doors of different colors may help the
    individual find the bathroom signs are helpful.
  • 4. Avoid high gloss, slick floors and cover shiny
    tabletops in the program area.
  • 5. Avoid using scatter rugs, especially dark
    colored rugs except the roll out rug used in the
    Fetch Station.
  • 6. Create pet oriented activity areas throughout
    the PEG area with interesting things to do.
  •  

24
Sample Layout
25
Requirements of pet members of PEG teams
  • Delta registered Pet Partner (insured)
  • Pet should have one or more of the following
    skills
  • Walk on a double leash without pulling
  • Fetch and return predictably
  • Love to be groomed (many times over)
  • Love to be held and petted (repeatedly handled)

26
Handler skills
  •   Handler is on time, and brings all props.
  •   Handler knows and understands the skills and
    limitations of clients.
  •   Handler communicates with client on a
    one-to-one level and focuses at all times on the
    clients interaction with the animal.
  • Note Handler and pet work together
    conscientiously to improve function of each
    client in the program

27
THINK TEAM
  •  Skills needed by pet ability to engage socially
    with clients with impairments, need to stay in
    immediate area and enjoy touch.
  •  Skills needed by handler ability to ask
    questions about your pet designed to stimulate
    thought.
  •  How to set up the Think Team Station Large
    banner or sign with the pets name and the
    handlers name. Table, chairs, pet props,
    notebooks.
  •  Things to note (document) time engaged in each
    activity during the session, answers to
    questions, ability to believe he or she could
    do the task (self efficacy), decisions he or she
    made about the activities at hand.

28
THINK Set Up
29
Think Station
Possible Goals         Increased attention
to task         Problem Solving        
Cognitive Stimulation         Improved
Communication         Improved Judgment        
Improved decision-making process   Handler
Your clients should be seated in a semi circle
with your pet on a table in front of the
group. Your pet should be on leash but close
enough to each client so he or she can
easily stand up, take a few steps, and reach
the pet. Note You may choose to have your pet in
a baby carriage that can be moved from client to
client.  
30
Out for a WALK TEAM
  • Handler Your focus is lower extremity (LE)
    strength, endurance, and overall mobility.
  • 1. Use of short and long double leash system
  • 2. Understand how to lock, unlock, and lift foot
    rests of wheelchairs and rolling walkers. Be able
    to coach client to perform those skills before
    moving.
  • 3. Assist clients by providing cueing to remain
    safe in sit to stand and stand to sit
    movements and in walking your pet over a variety
    of terrains.
  • 4. Pet must enjoy walking with clients and
    perform this skill consistently without pulling
    on lead.

31
WALK Set Up
Measure distances
32
Walk Team Station
33
Possible goals
  •   Improved mobility
  •   Increased endurance
  •   Increased tolerance for activity
  •   Improved strength and flexibility

34
FETCH TEAM
  • Fetch Team Handler Your focus is the use of the
    clients upper extremities (UE) to reach, grasp,
    and release items
  • FETCH TEAM, skills needed
  • 1.   Ability to fetch, return, and drop objects
    that are tossed by clients.
  • 2.   Some hand and voice commands that are
    useful for this station sit,down, come, take it,
    and drop it.
  • Handler must be able to maintain a safe and
    controlled exercise environment that uses the
    upper body. One section will be set up for
    throwing and fetching while a nearby area will be
    set up for UE tetherball.

35
FETCH set up
36
Possible things to work on
  • 1.Minutes engaged
  • 2.Number of throws (underhand and overhand)
  • 3. Distance of throws 4. Reaching activities
    completed (number of times)
  • 5. Sitting balance (stable with no assistance,
    assistance needed)
  • 7. Standing balance (stable with no assistance,
    assistance needed)
  • 8. Ability to take part in small group tetherball
    activities.

37
GROOM TEAM
  • Skills needed by pet Enjoys being groomed, will
    sit or lay down on a table while clients talk.
  • Skills needed by handler Able to structure
    oneto-one grooming activity with clients while
    engaging a small group in emotionally based
    psychosocial session.

38
GROOM Set up
39
GROOM
  • Goals
  • Practice ADLs
  • Some Mobility Skills
  • Social skills and Feelings
  • Communication
  • Provide social-emotional outlet
  • Significant improvements in all areas

Delta Society Robert Wood Johnson Funding
40
Things to work on
  •   Naming the grooming items and stating a few
    things about it.
  • Using the grooming tools appropriately.
  • Sharing the grooming items
  •  Answer questions and elaborate if they wish to.
  •  Ability of clients to discuss emotional topics
    in the small group (Positive reminiscence).

41
Relaxation to finish
Pets and handlers outside and quiet!
Health professional completes this without you
Farewell in 5 minutes
42
Relaxation Research
  • 1. Use Guided Imagery script provided-darken the
    room.
  • 2. Go around to each person to ask how would you
    rate todays session with the pets?
  • Excellent
  • Good
  • Fair

Then handlers and pets return to say good-bye
43
Document and Report
FLOW SHEET FOR AAT INTERVENTION (Richeson
McCullough,2002)     Clients name_______________
______________________________Date____   Station
Walk Fetch Think Groom   Please check the
box that best describes the clients behavior
during the AAT session.   1never 2one time
3two times 4more than three times
44
Pet Encounters in Action
45
Steps to take to set up Pet Encounters
  • Pet Partners training.
  • Complete Pet Encounters training and observation
    of PEG in action.
  • Connect with 2-3 others to make a PEG.

46
Questions???www.deltasociety.org
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