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13th, 14th, 15th Amendments

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13th, 14th, 15th Amendments & Impeachment of Andrew Johnson US History Spiconardi 13th Amendment Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 13th, 14th, 15th Amendments


1
13th, 14th, 15th Amendments Impeachment of
Andrew Johnson
  • US History
  • Spiconardi

2
13th Amendment
  • Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary
    servitude, except as a punishment for crime
    whereof the party shall have been duly convicted,
    shall exist within the United States, or any
    place subject to their jurisdiction.
  • Section 2. Congress shall have power to enforce
    this article by appropriate legislation.

3
14th Amendment
  • Section 1. All persons born or naturalized in the
    United States, and subject to the jurisdiction
    thereof, are citizens of the United States and of
    the State wherein they reside. No State shall
    make or enforce any law which shall abridge the
    privileges or immunities of citizens of the
    United States nor shall any State deprive any
    person of life, liberty, or property, without due
    process of law nor deny to any person within its
    jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

4
15th Amendment
  • Section 1. The right of citizens of the United
    States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by
    the United States or by any State on account of
    race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
  • Section 2. The Congress shall have power to
    enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

5
Impeachment of Andrew Johnson
  • Who was Andrew Johnson?
  • Only Southern Senator loyal to Union
  • Grew up poor hated plantation ruling class of
    the South

6
Impeachment of Andrew Johnson
  • Battle over Reconstruction
  • Radical Republicans feel Johnson is letting
    South off easy
  • Johnson pardons 90of all plantation owners
  • Declares Reconstruction complete after a mere 8
    months
  • Legislative Battles
  • Johnson vetoes Reconstruction Act of 1867, which
    allowed all freed persons to vote
  • Does not want to extend black rights at the
    expense of whites

7
Impeachment of Andrew Johnson
  • Congressional Tyranny
  • All military orders must go through Gen. Grant,
    not the president
  • Overrides all of Johnsons vetoes
  • Office of Tenure Act
  • Congress must approve all changes in cabinet
    positions, even removals
  • Johnson tries to remove his Secretary of War
  • Congress impeaches Johnson after 3rd attempt
  • Senate does not convict Johnson (by one vote)
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