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Barbados Programme of Action Review National Priorities Mauritius

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Cape Verde - September 2003. GEOGRAPHICAL POSITION OF MAURITIUS. MAURITIUS ... GDP at market prices (Rs M) 142,362. GDP annual growth rate 2.3 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Barbados Programme of Action Review National Priorities Mauritius


1
Barbados Programme of Action Review National
PrioritiesMauritius
  • Presented by
  • Mr. S. Seebaluck
  • Ms V. Sannassee
  • Mr. R. Cundasamy
  • Cape Verde - September 2003

2
GEOGRAPHICAL POSITION OF MAURITIUS
3
MAURITIUS
  • Area 2,040 sq km (includes Agalega and
    Rodrigues)
  • Water 10 sq Km
  • Land 2,030 sq km
  • EEZ 1.9 million sq km

4
BASIC STATISTICS ON MAURITIUS2002
  • GDP at market prices (Rs M) 142,362
  • GDP annual growth rate 2.3
  • GDP per capita (Rs) 117,609 (US 4,100)
  • GDFCF (Rs M) 31,549
  • Exports(f.o.b) (Rs M) 54,762
  • Imports(c.i.f) (Rs M) 64,888
  • Population(mid-year) 1,174,021
  • Total Labour Force 541,100
  • Total employment 490,000
  • Unemployment rate 9.8
  • Inflation rate 6.4
  • Tourist arrivals 681,600
  • Note US 1 Rs 30

5
Overview
  • National Environmental Strategies 1990 and 1999
  • National Environmental Action Plan I and II
  • Environment Investment Programs I and II
  • Vision 2020 (1994) and Into the Next Millennium
    (1999) 2 documents which set out Government
    Strategies to achieve Sustainable Development

6
Overview
  • National Environmental Strategies (1999)
    highlight 5 priority areas
  • Institutional Strengthening and Capacity Building
  • Land Management
  • Marine and Coastal Resources Management
  • Water Resources Management
  • Biodiversity Management

7
(No Transcript)
8
Chapter I Climate Change and Sea level Rise
  • Mauritius was the first country to ratify UNFCCC
    in 1992
  • Kyoto Protocol ratified in 2001
  • An Climate Change Action Plan was developed by
    the National Climate Change Committee
  • Vulnerable sites have been identified and
    adaptation strategies developed

Chapter II Natural and Environmental Disasters
  • Natural Disaster Committee at PMO
  • Early Warning System in place
  • PMs Relief Fund in place to assist victims

9
Chapter IIIManagement of waste
  • National Solid Waste Management Strategy (2000)
  • SWMS based on waste minimisation principle
  • Basel Convention ratified in 1992
  • Regulations for hazardous waste 2001

10
Chapter IVCoastal and Marine Resources
  • Ratified Nairobi Convention (July 2000)
  • Coastal policy in NPDP -ICZM plan envisaged
  • ICZM Division Committee established under EPA
    Beach Authority - Beach Management regulation
    under way

Chapter VFreshwater Resources
  • National Water Master Plan 2040
  • Introduction of Private Sector Participation in
    water sector
  • Leak Detection Programs to reduce Unaccounted for
    Water Losses
  • Midlands Dam constructed now operational for
    irrigation and potable water

11
Chapter VILand Resources
  • Most lands are privately owned
  • 21, 211 ha. are government owned in the form of
    nature reserves, forest, islets, Pas
    Geometriques, and are used for hotels,
    recreational and conservation purposes
  • NPDP was prepared in 1994 and reviewed in 2003
  • Land use conflict is being addressed
  • Judicious land use through the National
    Development Strategies and the EIA mechanism of
    the EPA 2002
  • Preservation of ESAs

12
Chapter VIIEnergy Resources
  • Mauritius is heavily dependent on imported fossil
    fuel
  • 73 of our energy requirements are imported
  • In 2002 Rs 6.3 billions was spent on importation
    of fossil fuel
  • A shift to from fossil fuels to bagasse and
    hydroelectricy
  • Research/studies under way to evaluate potential
    of using renewable energy resources such as wind,
    solar, and biomass
  • Soft loans for solar heaters and LPG available

13
Chapter VIIITourism Resources
  • Sustainable tourism elaborated in Tourism
    Development Plan, National Development Strategy
    and National Environmental Strategy
  • Integrated approach to hotel development
  • Control of tourism projects through EIA/PER
  • Development guidelines (NDS)
  • Environmental Charter for tourism sector

14
Chapter IXBiodiversity Resources
  • Biodiversity Convention ratified in 1992
  • A National Biodiversity Strategic Action Plan is
    being finalised
  • Successful Implementation of conservation
    programs
  • National Parks, Marine Parks and Marine
    Protected Areas established

15
Chapter XNational Institutions and
Administrative Capacities
  • Creation of Ministry of Environment and
    Department of Environment in 1989
  • EPA 2002 provides for NEC, ECC, ELO and National
    network for Sustainable Development
  • Local authorities empowered to enforce national
    regulations and issue planning permits
  • On-going programs for capacity building at level
    of various organizations (enforcing
    organizations), UoM, International seminars,
    training and workshops

16
Chapter XIRegional Institutions and Technical
Cooperation
  • Mauritius is a member of the following-
  • IOC, SADC, COMESA, NEPAD, AMCEN, RIFF, IOR-ARC
  • Many regional projects are under way tuna
    tagging, ICZM, environmental education, coral
    reef monitoring, Oil Spill Contingency Program
  • Participation in IOC, SADC, COMESA, ECA,
    initiatives and projects
  • Direct investment in the region- sugar, textile,
    tourism and offshore services

17
Chapter XIITransport and Communication
  • Port Master Plan has been recently revised
  • Integrated National Transport Strategy
  • Vehicle emissions standards and mass
    sensitisation program on vehicle emissions lead
    free petrol
  • Radio liberalisation, 4 radios stations, internet
  • ICT Cybercity and Government on line
  • Good inter-island communication by ship, plane,
    radio, telephone and internet

18
Chapter XIIIScience and Technology
  • UOM engaged in scientific research programs,
    inter alia, in marine resource, food technology,
    industrial wastewater treatment, solid waste
    management and ground water monitoring
  • MRC, FARC and AFRC
  • University of Technology and the Mauritius
    Oceanography Institute
  • Creation of Biotechnology Institute
  • MSIRI - sugar technology, foodcrop, pests
  • AREU ensures that agricultural practices are
    environmentally friendly
  • NEL future research activities
  • Development of scientific database as EIS

19
Chapter XIVHuman Resource Development
  • Ministry of Training, Skills Development
    Employment and Productivity
  • Human Resource Development Strategy and Human
    Resources Development Council
  • MQA (accreditation of courses)
  • NPCC
  • IVTB
  • MCA, UOM, UTM and other private organisation are
    dispensing courses to meet local capacity
    requirements

20
Chapter XVImplementation, Monitoring and Review
  • Mauritius has
  • A Ministry of Environment with a Department of
    Environment
  • An Environment Protection Act 1991 which has
    been revised in 2002
  • A Department of Environment
  • National Environmental Action Plans I and II
  • Environment Investment Programmes I and II
  • A National Environment Commission

21
Gaps and Constraints
  • Only 35 of the Environment Investment Program
    implemented due to lack of resources promised
    foreign financial support did not materialise
  • Inadequate institutional capacity to implement
    projects
  • Capacity Building Initiatives inadequate. For
    instance, 10 years after Rio and 8 years after
    Barbados, the National Capacity Self-Assessment
    Initiative is now being carried out under GEF.
  • Dispersed responsibilities
  • Coordination in respect of various MEAs
  • Lack of Private Sector Involvement
  • Lack of dedicated funding
  • Lack of support tools for enforcement
  • Lack of awareness on BPOA issues

22
LINKAGES WITH THE MILLENIUM DEVELOPMENT GOAL - 1

23
LINKAGES WITH THE MILLENIUM DEVELOPMENT GOAL -2

24
LINKAGES WITH THE MILLENIUM DEVELOPMENT GOAL -3

25
LINKAGES WITH THE MILLENIUM DEVELOPMENT GOAL - 6

26
LINKAGES WITH THE MILLENIUM DEVELOPMENT GOAL -7

27
LINKAGES WITH THE MILLENIUM DEVELOPMENT GOAL -8

28
NEW EMERGING ISSUES
  • Trade-Related Issues
  • Improved Access to Capital
  • New Information and
  • Communication Technologies
  • Role of Private Sector
  • Trends in Regionalization
  • Strengthening Capacity
  • National Security and Terrorism

29
UPDATING OF REPORTS
1991
1997
2002
30
MULTI-STAKEHOLDERS CONSULTATION - 1
  • Public Participation
  • Letter Documents
  • Venue
  • Public Relations

31
MULTI-STAKEHOLDERS CONSULTATION - 2
  • THE FIRST MEETING
  • Attendance
  • Permanent Secretary
  • Minister
  • Presentation of Implementation Review
  • Questions
  • Group Formation
  • Template

32
TEMPLATE
  • GUIDING PRINCIPLES
  • Where are we now?
  • Where do we want to go?
  • How do we get there?
  • How do we know when we get
  • there?

33
MULTI-STAKEHOLDERS CONSULTATION - 3
  • FOLLOW -UP
  • Briefing with Group Chairpersons
  • Meetings of Groups
  • Preparation of Group Draft Reports
  • Coordination Workshop
  • (Beginning of October)
  • Final Combined Group Report
  • ( End October)

34
FINAL GROUP REPORT
35
NATIONAL REPORT WITH INPUTS FROM GROUP REPORT
36
THANK YOU FOR YOUR KIND ATTENTION
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