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Racial Segregation and the Rise of the Jim Crow Laws

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Racial Segregation and the Rise of the Jim Crow Laws SOL USII.3c SOL USII.3c The student will demonstrate knowledge of how life changed after the Civil War by c ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Racial Segregation and the Rise of the Jim Crow Laws


1
Racial Segregation and the Rise of the Jim
Crow Laws
  • SOL USII.3c

2
SOL USII.3c
  • The student will demonstrate knowledge of how
    life changed after the Civil War by
  • c) describing racial segregation, the rise of
    Jim Crow, and other constraints faced by
    African Americans in the post-Reconstruction
    South.

3
Task
  • This slide show will examine racial segregation
    and the Rise of Jim Crow Laws in the late 18th
    and early 19th centuries. We will view key
    figures and groups that participated and impacted
    this era of United States history.
  • Please fill out your handout as the class exams
    this time period of racial segregation. Then see
    the last slide for your homework assignment.

4
After the Civil War The United States
Constitution Adopted
  • 13th Amendment
  • Abolishment of Slavery
  • www.historicaldocuments.com/13thAmendment.htm

5
After the Civil WarU.S. Constitution Adopted
  • 14th Amendment
  • 1. Defines American Citizenship
  • 2. Prohibited the Abridging the
  • Privileges of Citizens
  • 3. Applied the Due Process
  • Clause (5th Amendment)
  • 4. Guaranteed equal protection
  • of the laws to all citizens

6
After the Civil WarThe U.S. Constitution Adopted
  • 15th Amendment
  • Gives U.S. Citizens the right to vote and
    voters can not be discriminated based on race,
    color or previous condition of servitude
  • Class Discussion
  • What Issues did African Americans have to face
    after the Civil War?

7
Racial Segregation
  • What is Racial Segregation?
  • It is the separation of a certain group of
    people, based on their race, from another group
    in daily life.

http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Racial_segregation
8
Racial Segregation
  • Black Codes- U.S. States passed these laws to
    take away the Civil Rights of African Americans.
  • Occurred in former Confederate States in the
    1860s and the laws went on a state by state basis
  • Examples of Black Codes
  • Literacy Tests to vote
  • Licenses required for work,
  • marriage, weapons, property ownership,
    etc.
  • NO Vagrancy, required to work, and the
    Codes regulated the type of work, and the
    hours of labor

9
Rise of Jim Crow
  • Jim Crow laws (1877)
  • Segregation
  • Separate but Equal Rule
  • separate facilities schools, railroad carts,
    bathrooms, and later water fountains.
  • African Americans were prevented from living in
    white sections of towns, and they were limited
    to mostly laborious jobs.

10
Rise of Jim Crow
  • Peer Discussion
  • Why would Northerners have issues with the Black
    Codes and Jim Crow Laws?

11
Rise of Jim Crow
  • Key Figures/ Groups
  • Anti-Jim Crow
  • W.E.B. Du Bois
  • Booker T. Washington
  • NAACP
  • NACW

12
How Did Washington and Du Bois Differ in Response
to the Laws?
  • W.E.B. Du Bois
  • He accepted social segregation
  • Du Bois believe equality among the races could
    be achieved through vocational education.
  • He started the Tuskegee Vocational School (1881)
  • Booker T. Washington
  • He believed in total social, political, and civil
    rights for all African Americans.
  • He did not accept segregation and he wanted an
    end to discrimination.
  • He started the NAACP (National Association for
    the Advancement of Colored People)

13
Rise of Jim Crow
  • Pro Jim Crow Groups
  • Klu Klux Klan
  • Democratic Party

14
What other groups went through racial segregation?
  • In your group discuss what other groups of people
    besides for African Americans that probably went
    through racial segregation.

15
Other SOLs in this Assignment
  • Analyze and interpret primary and secondary
    source documents to increase understanding of
    events and life in United States history.
    (USII.1a)
  • Make connections between past and present.
    (USII.1b)
  • Sequence events in United States history.
    (USII.1c)
  • Interpret ideas and events from different
    historical perspectives. (USII.1d)

16
Homework Assignment
  • Please write a 1 ½ page paper as if you were a
    person living in the early 19th century
    segregated south. Give specific examples in your
    paper of racial segregation. Make your reader
    feel the emotions and burdens of the troubled
    times.

17
Class Project
  • You will make a slide show presentation on racial
    segregation and the Jim Crow Laws. You may chose
    to research
  • One of the U.S. states that once supported the
    Laws
  • A person or group that supported or opposed the
    laws
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