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CAMEROON RURAL COMMUNICATION PROJECT

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CAMEROON RURAL COMMUNICATION PROJECT. Val Besong. December 9th, 2005. EE 244. Outline ... Cameroon Radio Television (state-owned) & TV Max (privately-owned) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: CAMEROON RURAL COMMUNICATION PROJECT


1
CAMEROON RURAL COMMUNICATION PROJECT
EE 244
  • Val Besong
  • December 9th, 2005

2
Outline
  • Geography
  • Administrative Units
  • People
  • Economy
  • Political Structure
  • Transportation
  • Telecommunications
  • Rural Cameroon

3
Geography
  • Location
  • - West and Central Africa
  • - At 6 deg. N lat 12 deg. E long.
  • Size
  • - Total area 475,440 sq. km
  • - Slightly larger than the state of
    California
  • - 469,000 sq. km land
  • - 6,000 sq. km water
  • Land border
  • - Distance 4591 km
  • - Central African Republic, Chad, Congo,
  • Equatorial Guinea and Nigeria
  • Administrative capital Yaounde
  • Economic capital Douala

4
Geography
  • Landscape
  • - Diverse
  • - Coastal plains in SW, plateaus in C, mountains
    in W, plains in S
  • Highest elevation Mount Cameroon _at_ 4095m
  • Lowest elevation Atlantic ocean _at_ 0m
  • Climate
  • - Varies with terrain
  • - Tropical along the coast to semiarid and hot
    in the
  • north
  • Typically 2 seasons
  • Dry season begins in January until May/June
  • Rainy season begins in May/June until
  • October/November

5
Administrative Units
  • Ten provinces Northwest, Southwest, West, East,
    South, North, Central, Littoral Adamawa
  • Further divided into divisions and sub-divisions
  • Southwest Northwest only English-speaking
    provinces
  • Administrative capital, Yaounde in Centre
  • Economic capital, Douala in Littoral
  • Major cities Douala, Yaounde, Limbe, Buea,
    Bamenda and Garoua

6
People
  • Population16.3 million
  • Growth rate 1.93 person
  • Birth rate 3.47/1000
  • Death rate 1.54/1000
  • Age breakdown
  • - 0 to 14 41.7
  • - 15 to 64 55
  • - 65 33
  • Life Expectancy
  • - Male 47 years
  • - Female 45 years
  • Language
  • - Official French English
  • - About 256 native languages (dialects )
  • Religion
  • - Roman Catholic 60
  • - Muslim 20
  • - Indigenous beliefs 20
  • Literacy rate

7
Economy
  • Decade-long recession
  • - Drop in commodity prices
  • - Overvalue of currency (CFA franc)
  • - Mismanagement
  • GDP 30.17 billion (2004)
  • GDP growth rate 5.6 (2004)
  • Three major sectors Agric. (43.7), industry
    (20.1), services (36.2)
  • Labor force
  • - estimated at 6.68 million
  • - 70 involved in agriculture
  • Main industries petroleum prod. refining, food
    processing, aluminum production, light consumer
    goods, textiles and lumber
  • 30 unemployment rate
  • 1 inflation rate
  • Exports
  • - Revenue 2.445 billion (2004)
  • - Commodities Crude oil petroleum, timber,
    cocoa beans, Al, coffee cotton
  • - Partners Spain, Italy, France, UK, US
    Holland
  • Imports
  • - Revenue 1.979 billion (2004)

8
Political Structure
  • Government Republic
  • President Paul Biya (since 1982)
  • Prime Minister Ephraim Inoni (since 2004)
  • Peter Mafany Musonge
  • - Prime Minister from 1996 to 1994
  • - MS in Civil Engineering, Stanford
    University,1968
  • Independence
  • - January 1960 from France
  • - October 1961 from Britain
  • Constitution 1976 revised 1994
  • Amendment of constitution provided for central
    government dominated by executive
  • President has power to
  • - name dismiss cabinet members, judges,
    generals, governors heads of state-controlled
    enterprises
  • - approve or veto regulations
  • - declare state of emergencies
  • - appropriate and spend profits of
    state-controlled enterprises
  • President not required to consult National
    Assembly
  • Judiciary is subordinate to the Ministry of
    Justices executive branch
  • Supreme court may review constitutionality of law
    only at Presidents request

9
Transportation
  • Poor transportation infrastructure
  • Highways
  • total 34, 300 km
  • paved 4,228 km
  • unpaved 30,012km (1999)
  • Railways total 1,008 km
  • Airports
  • - 47 (2004)
  • - 2 international airports in Douala and
    Yaounde
  • Airports with paved runways - total 11 -
    over 3,047 m 2 - 2,438 to 3,047 m 4 - 1,524
    to 2,437 m 3 - 914 to 1,523 m 1 - under 914
    m 1 (2004 est.)
  • Waterways - navigation mainly on Benue
    River
  • - limited during rainy season due to rough
    waters and poor visibility
  • Pipelines gas 90 km liquid petroleum gas 9
    km oil 1,120 km (2004)
  • One seaport in Douala

10
Telecommunications
  • Telephones
  • - international service provided by two
    satellite earth stations
  • - fiber optic submarine cable provides
    connectivity to Europe and Asia
  • - domestic service through cable and microwave
    radio relay
  • - 110,000 land lines
  • - 1.077 million cellular lines
  • - Huge discrepancy due to long wait 2 years
  • - 50,000 persons on waiting list (2000)
  • - demand for fixed phone lines estimates at
    146,000 per year
  • Internet
  • - 1 Internet Service Provider IntelCam
  • - Uses 256 kbps link to MCI in US
  • - Provides leased lines to CENADI, UniNet,
    Ditof, and ICC.
  • - easy access in large cities
  • - access rare in rural areas
  • - 479 internet hosts, 60000 internet users and
    200 internet cafes (2001)
  • Television stations
  • - Cameroon Radio Television (state-owned) TV
    Max (privately-owned)
  • - Cable TV popular in metropolitan cities

11
Telecommunications
  • Radio
  • - 2 AM, 9 FM and 3 shortwave broadcasting
    stations
  • Satellite services
  • - Two satellite earth stations (Intelsat) to
    provide international telephone service
  • Summary
  • - Underdeveloped but witnessing a lot of local
    and foreign investment
  • - Regulated by the Ministry of Post and
    Telecommunications
  • - Extensive liberalization is underway
  • - New legislation to restructure the sector and
    make post and
  • telecommunications separate
  • - Independent regulator created and state
    progressively disengaging itself
  • - Two main mobile operators MTN and Orange.
  • - 196k and 246k subscribers respectively

12
Rural Cameroon West Province
  • Population 1.3 million
  • Area 14,000 square kilometers
  • Smallest province in size but has highest
    population density
  • High population density due to pleasant climate
    and fertile soil
  • Population thins outward toward the southern
    border
  • Rainfall is moderate
  • Most of the population is involved in
    agriculture very little industry
  • West and NW Province provide food to seven other
    provinces
  • Farmers also raise sheep, pigs, poultry and goats

  • Transportation
  • - Roads wind and turn sharply to transverse
    regions mountains
  • - Road accidents are not uncommon
  • - Region reachable by an airstrip

13
Rural Cameroon Towers, Population and Elevation
14
Rural Cameroon Towers, Elevation and Roads
15
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