Gothic Architecture - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Gothic Architecture PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 426bf0-MjY4Z



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Gothic Architecture

Description:

Gothic Architecture Architectural History ACT 322 Doris Kemp Topics Gothic Architecture in England Canterbury Cathedral Salisbury Cathedral Lincoln Cathedral King s ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:483
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 35
Provided by: MasonG
Learn more at: http://icee.usm.edu
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Gothic Architecture


1
Gothic Architecture
  • Architectural History
  • ACT 322
  • Doris Kemp

2
Topics
  • Gothic Architecture in England
  • Canterbury Cathedral
  • Salisbury Cathedral
  • Lincoln Cathedral
  • Kings College, Cambridge
  • Westminster Abbey

3
Gothic Architecture in England
  • Although Gothic architecture originated in
    France, it spread throughout Europe
  • Became the predominant style through the 15th
    century
  • The English would soon form their own Gothic
    aesthetics
  • Within a century they had created Gothic churches
    that varied considerably from those in France

4
Gothic Architecture in England
  • Canterbury Cathedral
  • First Gothic style church in England
  • The choir was originally intended to house
    Englands most popular shrine
  • Thomas Becket
  • Archbishop of Canterbury who was murdered by
    Henry VIIIs men
  • Became a sacred pilgrimage site
  • Belief that miracles were performed at the tomb
    of St. Thomas

5
Gothic Architecture in England
Photo Sullivan
6
Gothic Architecture in England
Photo Sullivan
7
Gothic Architecture in England
Photo Sullivan
8
Gothic Architecture in England
  • Salisbury Cathedral
  • Presents the rare example of an English Gothic
    cathedral built almost entirely in homogenous
    style (purely English)
  • Begun in 1220 and finished by 1258
  • Incorporates features from monastic plans into a
    purely English long angular building
  • Features a tower rising some 404-ft and a spire
    providing vertical emphasis

9
Gothic Architecture in England
Photo Sullivan
10
Gothic Architecture in England
Photo Sullivan
11
Gothic Architecture in England
Photo Sullivan
12
Gothic Architecture in England
  • Lincoln Cathedral
  • Had a more complicated building history
  • Originally a Norman church that was destroyed by
    an earthquake in 1185
  • The original survives only in lower portions of
    the western front
  • Rebuilding began in 1192 and was completed in
    1280
  • The Angel Choir
  • Wealth of elaborate trim in the form of Purbeck
    marble shafts, stiff-leaf capitols, and sculpted
    angels

13
Gothic Architecture in England
Photo Sullivan
14
Gothic Architecture in England
Photo Sullivan
15
Gothic Architecture in England
Photo Sullivan
16
Gothic Architecture in England
  • Wells Cathedral
  • Widely regarded as one of the finest English
    cathedrals
  • Also one of the first English Gothic buildings
  • Dates back to at least 1186 and possibly a decade
    earlier
  • To strengthen the lower piers, scissor-shaped
    arches were built in 1338
  • Modest structure
  • Vaults are only 67-ft high

17
Gothic Architecture in England
Photo Sullivan
18
Gothic Architecture in England
Photo Sullivan
19
Gothic Architecture in England
Photo Sullivan
20
Gothic Architecture in England
  • Cathedral Chapterhouse, Southwell
  • Contains some of the finest carvings of the
    English Gothic period
  • Built around 1290
  • Plants from the surrounding countryside were used
    as a model for much of the decorative work

21
Gothic Architecture in England
Photo Sullivan
22
Gothic Architecture in England
  • Ely Cathedral
  • Large scale structure built of timber
  • One of the few Christian churches in existence
    were Christ is depicted without a beard
  • In 1322, due to structural problems, the tower
    was replaced with a wooden lantern
  • Increased the lighting and usable space at the
    heights

23
Gothic Architecture in England
Photo Sullivan
24
Gothic Architecture in England
  • Kings College, Cambridge
  • Began about 1446 and finished 1515
  • Built in a time were the sermon served as an
    important part of church service
  • Built on a simpler plan and smaller area to
    reduce reverberation time so that speech could be
    understood
  • Basically rectangular in plan
  • Features perpendicular tracery in the large
    windows and majestic fan vaults overhead

25
Gothic Architecture in England
  • Kings College, Cambridge
  • The ornate organ loft atop the choir divides the
    space into two parts
  • One for townspeople
  • One for students
  • Similar style to the High Renaissance Period in
    Northern Italy

26
Gothic Architecture in England
Photo Sullivan
27
Gothic Architecture in England
Photo Sullivan
28
Gothic Architecture in England
Photo Sullivan
29
Gothic Architecture in England
  • Westminster Abbey
  • Building begun in 1245
  • Located in London

Photo Sullivan
30
Gothic Architecture in England
Photo Sullivan
31
Gothic Architecture in England
Photo Sullivan
32
Gothic Architecture in England
Photo Sullivan
33
References
  • Sullivan, Mary http//www.bluffton.edu/sullivanm
    /
  • http//www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wdpt1.htm
    l
  • Trachtenburg/Hyman Architecture From Prehistory
    to Postmodernity
  • Wodehouse/Moffett A History of Western
    Architecture

34
Gothic Architecture
  • Architectural History
  • ACT 322
  • Doris Kemp
About PowerShow.com