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Compost: The Soul of Soil 6 billion microbes per handful can

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Compost: The Soul of Soil 6 billion microbes per handful can t be wrong! The Ingredients Brown Stuff (Carbon) Green Stuff (Nitrogen) Water Topsoil, Old Compost, or ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Compost: The Soul of Soil 6 billion microbes per handful can


1
Compost The Soul of Soil6 billion microbes per
handful cant be wrong!
2
The Ingredients
The result carbon-rich, organic matter able to
hold 6 times its weight in water holding
trillions of beneficial microbes to help plants
achieve their full potential.
Brown Stuff (Carbon) Green Stuff
(Nitrogen) Water Topsoil, Old Compost, or
Manure Air
3
Building a Pile
Gather Materials - Enough to make a pile 1m x 1m
x 1m 2/3 brown, 1/3green, 60 liters water, 20
liters finished compost or soil.
Find a place in the shade keeps pile moist (no
sun), nicer for you (no sun).
4
Building a Pile
Add layers of chopped brown and green leaves, the
smaller the better to increase rate of
decomposition. 6 brown then 2 green.
Scatter old manure, soil or compost to inoculate
the pile with decomposing microbes. Moisten with
water. Mix. Continue till pile is a meter tall.
5
Building a Pile
A 1 square meter pile of wet, dirty leaves. Let
stand for one week. Mix and add more water as
needed to keep just moist, not wet.
After 3 months of twice per month mixing, the
pile will reduce to 1/3 its original size, be
cool to the touch, and ready to be applied to
garden beds.
6
And it DOES get Hot!
Three days at 130 to 160 degrees F will kill all
weed seeds and pathogenic bacteria making way for
the beneficial decomposers to colonize.
7
Hot Active - Steady
8
Using the Compost
One 20 liter bucket per meter of garden bed
applied before each crop is planted will
reinvigorate even the most depleted soils.
Spread and mix into the top 6-8 using only local
tools.like fingers!
9
Using Compost Maize Bed Comparison
November 10 Planting Day. Bed to the left is
double dug with compost added. Bed to the right
is single dug with no added compost. Each
receive 50 seeds and equal water.
One meter wide double dug bed with one bucket of
compost added per square meter. Note water
retaining pathways between permanent beds.
10
Using Compost Maize Bed Comparison
Planting Day. Compost bed 2 seeds per station
at 35 cm hexagonal spacing. No compost bed 4
seeds per station at one meter apart the
conventional way.
4 seeds close together will result in four weak
plants and little food.
11
Using Compost Maize Bed Comparison
December 12 One month after planting. Note poor
plant growth in the no-compost bed. Soil dried
too quickly after germination so that only the
strongest survived vs 98 viable plant and
germination in compost bed.
12
Using Compost Maize Bed Comparison
December 18. Two weeks after second seedling has
been transplanted into middle bed.
December 23. No compost bed struggling to retain
enough water to maintain plant vigor.
13
Using Compost Maize Bed Comparison
December 28. 6 weeks after planting. Weed free
and strong plants growing in moist soil.
Hexagonal spacing maximizes space for roots and
stems so as to maximize yield per unit area.
Compost allows this to happen.
14
The Difference is Clear
Eight times the yield per unit area!
15
Permaculture and Bio-IntensiveGrowing Household
Food Security
Compost, Double Digging, Perennial Guilds and
Water Holding Swales
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