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Participles and Participial Phrases!

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You add ing to a present participle You add ed to a past participle A participle can act as the main verb in a verb phrase or as an adjective to describe, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Participles and Participial Phrases!


1
Participles and Participial Phrases!
  • 8th Grade English
  • Clauses and Verbals Unit

2
POP QUIZ!!!
3
Over the Past Few Weeks
  • We have learned a lot about what clauses are.
  • We have learned to tell the difference between a
    main and a subordinate clause.
  • We have learned to identify essential and
    nonessential clauses.
  • We have learned about adjective, adverb, and noun
    clauses.
  • In short, we have learned a LOT!

4
However,
  • There are three more, little, itty bitty things
    you have to know when it comes to English
    grammar.
  • We are going to spend the second half of the unit
    learning about VERBALS!

5
In this lesson
  • You are going to figure out what the term verbal
    refers to.
  • You are going to learn about the first type of
    verbal, the participle!
  • You are going to learn how to find it in a
    sentence.

6
So, what are Verbals?
  • The term verbal sounds a lot like the word verb,
    right?
  • Well, a verbal is a verbit is just used a little
    differently.
  • The word verbal is a collective term for a verb
    form used as another part of speech.

7
Verbals are a Little Nutty!
  • Basically, a verbal is a verb with an identity
    crisis.
  • It thinks it is something
    else!

8
How Many Types?
  • Mainly, there are three types of verbal words
    that you need to
    know.
  • Participles
  • Gerunds
  • Infinitives
  • And the phrases that they go with!

9
Today
  • We are going to focus just on the first onethe
    Participle and its phrase!

10
So, what is a participle?
  • A participle, as you learned about in the verb
    unit, is formed by adding something to the verb.
  • You add ing to a present participle
  • You add ed to a past participle
  • A participle can act as the main verb in a verb
    phrase or as an adjective to describe, or modify,
    nouns or pronouns.

11
Examples
  • The player has kicked the ball (Main verb in a
    verb phrase)
  • The kicked ball soared
    (adjective modifying
    ball)

12
Exercise A.
  • Find the participle in each sentence.

13
Exercise A.
  1. Soccer can be a challenging game.
  2. Many young people are participating in the sport.
  3. The size of the playing field for soccer may
    vary.
  4. Have rules for the sport changed over the years?
  5. A player on our team has scored
    the winning goal.

14
Sometimes
  • A participle that is used as an adjective is part
    of a phrase.
  • This kind of phrase is called a participial
    phrase!
  • A participial phrase is a group of words that
    includes a participle and other words that
    complete its meaning!

15
Examples
  • Cheering for the home team,
    the fans were on their feet.
  • The ball kicked by Donnie soared into the goal.

16
Commas and Participial Phrases
  • A participial phrase that is placed at the
    beginning of a sentence is always set off by
    commas.
  • Running from the law, a burglar slipped in the
    mud.
  • Other participial phrases may or may not need
    commas.

17
Do they or dont they?
  • If the phrase is necessary to identify the
    modified word, do not set it off by commas.
  • The player kicking the ball is Donnie.
  • If the phrase simpley gives additional
    information about the modified word, set it off
    with commas!
  • Donnie, kicking the ball, scored the
    final point.
  • Essential v. Nonessential, duh!

18
One Last Note
  • A participial phrase can appear before or after
    the word it describes.
  • Place the phrase as close as possible to the
    modified word otherwise, the meaning of the
    sentence may be unclear!

19
Exercise B.
  • Find the participial phrase.
  • Identify the word the participial phrase
    describes (they are all used as adjectives!)

20
Exercise B.
  1. Attracting huge crowds, soccer is a popular
    sport.
  2. The game consists of two teams competing for
    goals.
  3. Playing within certain areas, the goalkeepers can
    touch the ball with their hands.
  4. For other players, the only contact permitted by
    the rules is with their feet, heads, or bodies.
  5. The two teams playing the game kick off.
  6. The teams, moving almost constantly during play,
    kick the ball back and forth.
  7. Varying their formations, players move about the
    field.

21
Remember
  • The word verbal is a collective term for a verb
    form used as another part of speech.
  • A participle, as you learned about in the verb
    unit, is formed by adding something to the verb.
  • You add ing to a present participle
  • You add ed to a past participle
  • A participle can act as the main verb in a verb
    phrase or as an adjective to describe, or modify,
    nouns or pronouns.
  • A participial phrase is a group of words that
    includes a participle and other words that
    complete its meaning!

22
Great!
NOT SO GREAT
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