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Title:

Stages of Spelling Development

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... that share a common vowel Study beginning consonant blends and digraphs Encourage invented spelling Middle to Late Letter Name-- Word Study Focus Sort ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Stages of Spelling Development


1
Stages of Spelling Development
  • Spelling is all about
  • PATTERNS.
  • Children need to be taught to see the patterns so
    they learn patterns instead of memorizing every
    single letter of every single word.

2
WORD STUDY IS DEVELOPMENTAL
  • Word study teaches students to examine and
    discover regularities, patterns, and rules
  • Word study increases specific knowledge of
    words--the spelling and meaning of individual
    words

3
THE BASIS FOR WORD STUDY
  • Three Layers of English Orthography
  • Alphabetic--represents the relationship between
    letters and sounds
  • Patterns--guide the grouping of letters
  • Meaning--groups of letters represent meaning
    directly

4
Standards Addressed by Word Study/Word Sort
Activities
5
Stages of Spelling Development
  • Emergent
  • Letter-Name
  • Within Word Pattern
  • Syllable Juncture
  • Derivational Constancy

6
Emergent--Pre-K to Middle of 1st
  • Scribble letters and s
  • Lack concepts of words
  • Lack letter-sound correspondence
  • Pretend to read and write

7
Emergent Word Study Focus
  • Develop concept sorts
  • Play w/ speech sounds to develop phonological
    awareness
  • Plan alphabet activities
  • Sort pictures by beginning sounds
  • Encourage fingerpoint memory of rhymes,
    dictations, and simple pattern books
  • Encourage invented spellings

8
Letter-Name--K to Middle of 2nd
  • Represents beginning and ending sounds
  • Has functional concept of word
  • Reads word by word in beginning reading materials

9
Early Letter Name--Word Study Focus
  • Collect known words for word banks
  • Sort pictures and words by beginning sounds
  • Study word families (rimes) that share a common
    vowel
  • Study beginning consonant blends and digraphs
  • Encourage invented spelling

10
Middle to Late Letter Name--Word Study Focus
  • Sort pictures and words by different short vowel
    word families
  • Sort pictures and words by short vowel sounds and
    CVC patterns
  • Continue to examine consonant blends and digraphs
  • Begin simple sound sorts comparing short and long
    vowel sounds
  • Collect known words for word banks (up to 200)

11
Within Word Pattern--1st Grade to Middle of 4th
  • Spells most single-syllable short vowel words
    correctly
  • Spells most beginning consonant digraphs and
    2-letter consonant blends
  • Attempts to use silent-E markers
  • Reads silently and more fluently
  • Writes more fluently
  • Can edit and revise

12
Within Word Pattern--Word Study Focus
  • Complete daily activities in word study notebooks
  • Sort words by long and short vowel sounds and by
    common long vowel patterns
  • Compare words with r-controlled vowels
  • After mastering common long vowels, explore less
    common vowels and diphthongs (OI, OU, AU, OW)
  • Review lends and digraphs as needed and examine
    triple blends and complex consonant units (THR,
    STR, DGE, TCH, CK)

13
Syllable Juncture--Grades 3-8
  • Spells most single syllable words correctly
  • Makes errors at syllable juncture and in
    unaccented syllables
  • Reads with good fluency and expression
  • Reads faster silently than orally
  • Writes responses that sophisticated and critical

14
Syllable Juncture--Word Study Focus
  • Examine consonant doubling and inflected endings
  • Focus on unaccented syllables such as ER and LE
  • Join spelling and vocabulary studies link
    meaning and spelling
  • Explore grammar through word study
  • Sort and study affixes
  • Study stress or accent in two-syllable words

15
Derivational Constancy--Grades 5-12
  • Have mastered high-frequency words
  • Make errors on low-frequency words derived from
    Greek and Latin combining forms
  • Read with good fluency and expression
  • Read faster silently than orally
  • Write responses that are sophis-ticated and
    critical

16
Derivational Constancy--Word Study Focus
  • Focus on words that students bring to word study
    from reading and writing
  • Join spelling and vocabulary studies link
    meaning and spelling
  • Examine common and then less common roots,
    prefixes and suffixes
  • Examine vowel alterations in derivationally
    related pairs (native, national combine,
    combination)
  • Explore etymology, especially in the content
    areas
  • Examine content-related foreign borrowings
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