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Renaissance

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'Gothic' & 'Dark Ages' Term means 'Rebirth' ... Style of helmet & art symbolic reference to other Italian city-states. Love of texture ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Renaissance


1
Renaissance
Art in the
1400 1600
2
Overview
  • Italian/Early 1400-1490
  • Italian/High 1500-1600
  • Northern/Late 1500-1600
  • one can argue about dates 1300
    1520 1400 1600

3
map
4
Renaissance
  • 1st period to name itself and say nasty things
    about earlier timesGothic Dark Ages
  • Term means Rebirth
  • Looking back to Classical culture Ancient
    Greece and Rome
  • Names! Artists known by name 1st contemporary
    art historian (1550) Individuality celebrated in
    this era

5
Renaissance
  • Church is still the biggest power structure
  • Beginning of banking
  • Private fortunes power
  • Starts in Italy specifically Florence

6
Man loves himself once again
The Return of Humanism
7
from Pico della Mirandola's Oration on the
Dignity of Man (1486)
. . . I feel that I have come to some
understanding of why man is the most fortunate of
living things and, consequently, deserving of all
admiration of what may be the condition in the
hierarchy of beings assigned to him, which draws
upon him the envy, not of the brutes alone, but
of the astral beings and of the very
intelligences which dwell beyond the confines of
the world.
see also p. 190
8
Donatello, David, 1432
p. 203
9
Donatello, David, 1432
Tuscan hat
p. 203
10
Donatello,David, 1432Goliaths headdetail
Style of helmet art symbolic reference to other
Italian city-states
Love of texture
11
Donatello, David, 1432
  • 1st free-standing, life size nude sculpture
    since antiquity!
  • contrapposto but not just an imitation of past
    models
  • for private collection
  • David underdog Florence
  • Goliath giant Milan other central Italian
    cities in league against Florence

12
Donatello, David, 1432
Inscription The victor is whoever defends the
fatherland. God crushes the wrath of an enormous
foe. Behold - a boy overcame a great tyrant!
Conquer, O citizens! Kingdoms fall through
luxury, cities rise through virtues. Behold the
neck of pride, severed by the hand of humility.
p. 203
13
An earlier Donatello David (c.1410)
14
Florence CathedralBrunelleschi dome
CONFIDENCE REDISCOVERED!
p. 193-197
15
Florence CathedralBrunelleschi domeinside view
16
Tower designed by Giotto, 1334
17
View of Duomo from Pitti Palace (across the river)
18
Pitti Palace
Uffizzi
View from the Duomo
19
Pazzi Chapel
Post lintel returns GEOMETRY
20
Pazzi Chapel
p. 198
21
Pitti Palace
22
(No Transcript)
23
Alberti (façade architect), Santa Maria Novella,
Florence, 1470
By the numbers 21 31 41
not in text
24
p. 202
25
MasaccioTrinity1427-28Fresco21' 10 1/2" x 10'
4 Santa Maria Novella, Florence
1st use of linear perspective
not in text
26
Masaccio, Tribute Money, c. 1427
p. 199
27
Tribute Money,detailNote use of chiaroscuro
(light and dark shading) to create volume in the
clothes.
28
Ghiberti, LorenzoThe Gates of Paradise
1425-52Bronze with gilding
p. 195-196
29
Ghiberti, LorenzoThe Gates of Paradise
1425-52Bronze with gilding
p. 195-196
30
Ghiberti, LorenzoThe Gates of Paradise
1425-52Bronze with gilding
31
Ghiberti, LorenzoThe Gates of Paradise
1425-52Bronze with gilding
32
Ghiberti, LorenzoDetail from the Gates of
Paradise The story of Joseph1425-52Bronze with
gilding80 x 80 cmBaptistery, Florence
not in text
33
BOTTICELLI, SandroThe birth of Venusc. 1485,
Tempera on canvas(67 7/8 x 109 5/8 in.)
NOT IN TEXT
34
BOTTICELLI, SandroPrimaverac. 1482. Tempera on
wood203 x 314 cm
p. 199
35
BOTTICELLI, SandroPrimaverac. 1482. Tempera on
wood203 x 314 cm
36
BOTTICELLI, SandroVenus and Marsc. 1485. Egg
tempera and oil on poplar69 x 173.5 cm
NOT BIBLICAL!
not in text
37
KEY IMAGE
PERIOD PLACE ARTIST TITLE DATE
Early Renaissance
Florence
Donatello
David
1432
p. 203
38
KEY IMAGE
PERIOD ARTIST TITLE
Renaissance
Botticelli
p. 199
La Primavera (Birth of Spring)
39
Pazzi Chapel
KEY IMAGE
p. 198
40
Summary Italian Renaissance
  • POLITICS Italian city-states power from money
  • EARLY RENAISSANCE Florence
  • HIGH RENAISSANCE
  • ART Classical ideals revived
  • IDEAS Humanism returns
  • MUSIC
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