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THE FRENCH REVOLUTION, CONT.

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THE FRENCH REVOLUTION, CONT. THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY AT WORK ... THE FRENCH REVOLUTION, CONT. THE TERROR ... THE FRENCH REVOLUTION, CONT. END OF THE TERROR ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: THE FRENCH REVOLUTION, CONT.


1
THE FRENCH REVOLUTION, CONT.
2
THE FRENCH REVOLUTION, CONT.
THE REVOLUTION ADVANCES
  • National Assembly voted to curtail Kings power
  • King called in troops
  • Women staged protest
  • Marched to Versailles
  • Brought King back to Paris under guard
  • National Assembly now ruling in name of nation

3
THE FRENCH REVOLUTION, CONT.
THE REVOLUTION ADVANCES
  • By end of 1789, all Paris in ferment
  • Proliferation of clubs salons
  • JACOBINS most radical, take leading role

4
THE FRENCH REVOLUTION, CONT.
THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY AT WORK
  • Tried to resolve fiscal crisis work out new
    laws
  • Targeted Catholic Church for sweeping changes
  • Attack on church caused popular backlash
  • Revolution began to lose support from masses

5
THE FRENCH REVOLUTION, CONT.
LOUIS XVIS EFFORTS
  • Attempted escape from France
  • But captured brought back under house arrest
  • Captors discover anti-constitutional plot
  • Anti-monarchical forces gain support

6
THE FRENCH REVOLUTION, CONT.
THE CONSTITUTION OF 1791
  • Created limited monarchy with clear separation
    of powers
  • Elections based on fairly wide suffrage
  • Women denied political rights
  • Civil political equality extended to Jews
  • But denied to free Blacks in Caribbean

7
THE FRENCH REVOLUTION, CONT.
FOREIGN THREATS
  • Counter-revolutionary aristocrats enlist
    Austrian Prussian support
  • Louis pressured to declare war on Austria
  • Frances disorganized army defeated
  • Anti-monarchical feeling grows

8
THE FRENCH REVOLUTION, CONT.
THE SANS-CULOTTES
  • Ordinary Parisians took matters into their own
    hands
  • Arrested king, Aug. 1792
  • Dissolved Assembly, created NATIONAL CONVENTION
  • elections based on universal manhood suffrage
  • established republic
  • Executed Louis, Jan. 1793

9
THE FRENCH REVOLUTION, CONT.
THE TERROR
  • COMMITTEE OF PUBLIC SAFETY created
  • Arrested moderate Girondins
  • Maximilien Robespierre pushes for use of terror
  • LAW OF SUSPECTS passed
  • Steady stream of arrests, executions began, Oct.
    1793
  • Resulted in over 36,000 deaths

Death of Jean-Paul Marat
10
THE FRENCH REVOLUTION, CONT.
REFORMS OF THE NATIONAL CONVENTION
  • Radical changes
  • Lowered food prices, extended education,
    abolished slavery, legalized divorce
  • LEVEE EN MASSE
  • Standardized weights measures, changed calendar
  • Tried to replace Christianity with Cult of the
    Supreme Being
  • Outlawed womens political participation

11
THE FRENCH REVOLUTION, CONT.
END OF THE TERROR
  • Robespierre executed so many, lost base of
    support
  • French Army defeated Austrians, ends state of
    emergency
  • Convention moved against Robespierre co.
  • Executed July 28, 1794
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