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Ancient Rome - Regents Review

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By: Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley H.S. Chappaqua, NY The Spread of Christianity TRIUMPH 313 AD Edict of Milan Roman Empire would not persecute any religion ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient Rome - Regents Review


1
Final Regents Review Rome
By Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley H.S.
Chappaqua, NY
2
The Geography of Rome
3
The History of Ancient Italy
4
Italy in 750 BCE
5
Influence of the Etruscans
  • Writing
  • Religion
  • The Arch

6
The Mythical Founding of Rome Romulus Remus
7
The Roman Republic 509 BCE - 27 BCE
8
Republican Government
2 Consuls (Rulers of Rome)
Senate (Representative body for
patricians) Tribal Assembly
(Representative body for plebeians)
9
The Twelve Tables, 450 BCE
  • Providing political and social rights for the
    plebeians.

10
The Roman Forum
11
Romes Early Road System
12
Roman Roads The Appian Way
13
Roman Aqueducts
14
The Roman Colosseum
15
The Colosseum Interior
16
Circus Maximus
17
Carthaginian Empire
18
Hannibals Route
19
Reform Leaders
  • Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus
  • the poor should be given grain and small plots of
    free land.

Military Reformer
  • Gaius Marius
  • recruited an army from the poor and homeless.
  • professional standing army.

20
Civil War Dictators
Julius Caesar
Pompey
21
Crossing the Rubicon, 49 BC
The Die is Cast!
22
The First Triumvirate
  • Julius Caesar
  • Marcus Licinius Crassus
  • Gaius Magnus Pompey

23
Beware the Ides of March! 44 BCE
24
The Second Triumvirate
  • Octavian Augustus
  • Marc Antony
  • Marcus Lepidus

25
The Roman Empire 27 BCE - 476 CE
26
Octavian Augustus Romes First Emperor
27
The First Roman Dynasty
28
Pax Romana 27 BCE 180 CE
29
The Greatest Extent of the Roman Empire 14 CE
30
The Rise of Christianity
31
  • 63 BC Rome controls Judea
  • Self-govern
  • Jewish kings ruled as Reps of Rome
  • 6 AD Rome made Judea a Providence
  • Jews are divided
  • Zealots wanted to rid Judea of Romans
  • Messiah biblical tradition-God would send
    messiah to restore Kingdom of Jews

32
SPREAD OF CHRISTIANITY
  • Peter, Paul, and James
  • Leaders of movement
  • Traveled and spoke all over the world
  • Jesus was son of God and died for our sins
  • Paul
  • Never saw Jesus, had vision
  • Traveled around Mediterranean to Mesopotamia to
    Rome

33
St. Paul Apostle to the Gentiles
34
The Spread of Christianity
35
TRIUMPH
  • 313 AD Edict of Milan
  • Roman Empire would not persecute any religion
  • Constantine
  • 393 AD Christianity religion of Rome

36
  • MARCUS AURELIUS
  • Last Good Emperor

37
Imperial Roman Road System
38
DECLINE OF ROME
  • 180 AD Death of Marcus Aurelius
  • Last good Emperor
  • Ended Pax Romana and Golden Age
  • Struggles for Power
  • 50 Emperors in 26 years
  • One died of natural death
  • Overthrown or assassinated

39
The Empire in Crisis 3c
40
DIOCLETION
  • 284 AD - Restored order
  • Recruited soldiers/expanded army
  • Hired mercenaries and foreign armies
  • Fixed prices to stop inflation
  • Forced farmers to stay on land

41
ECONOMIC/SOCIAL PROBLEMS
  • High taxes to support Army
  • Put heavy burden on businesses and small farmers
  • Farmland over cultivated
  • Farmers would leave land
  • Christianity rising

42
DIVISION OF ROME
  • Eastern Diocletian
  • Greek speaking
  • Wealthy and prospering
  • Byzantium is capital
  • Western Co-Emperors
  • Latin speaking
  • In major decline

43
Diocletian Splits the Empire in Two 294 CE
44
Constantine 312 - 337
45
CONSTANTINE
  • 324 AD Gained control of both Roman Empires
  • Built Constantinople (Byzantium)
  • Moved capital to Constantinople
  • Power shifting to East
  • After Death
  • World divided again

46
Constantinople The 2nd Rome (Founded in 330)
47
Barbarian Invasions 4c-5c
48
Attila the Hun The Scourge of God
49
Byzantium The Eastern Roman Empire
50
The Byzantine Empire During the Reign of Justinian
51
The Byzantine Emperor Justinian
52
The Legacy of Rome
  • Republic Government
  • Roman Law
  • Latin Language
  • Roman Catholic Church
  • City Planning
  • Romanesque Architectural Style
  • Roman Engineering
  • Aqueducts
  • Sewage systems
  • Dams
  • Cement
  • Arch
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