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PARTITION WALLS

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Hollow Block and Clay Block Partitions Hollow concrete block partitions are built of individual units of concrete. Clay blocks used ... Light in weight, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: PARTITION WALLS


1
PARTITION WALLS
  • Building Materials Construction
  • Civil Engineering Department
  • S.V.N.I.T,Surat.

2
Introduction
  • A partition wall may be defined as a wall or
    division made up of bricks, studding, glass or
    other such material and provided for the purpose
    of dividing one room or portion of a room from
    another.
  • Partition walls are designed as non-load bearing
    walls. It may be of folding, collapsible or fixed
    type.
  • If partition walls are load bearing then they are
    called as internal wall.

3
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4
Advantages of partition walls
  • Divide the whole area into a number of rooms.
  • Provide privacy to the inmates from sight and
    sound.
  • Are light in weight and cheaper in cost of
    construction.
  • Occupy lesser area
  • Easily constructed in any position.

5
Requirements of a Good Partition Wall
  • Thin in cross-section so that maximum floor area
    can be utilized.
  • Provide adequate privacy in rooms both in respect
    of sight and sound.
  • Constructed from light, sound, uniform,
    homogeneous, durable and sound insulated
    materials.
  • Simple in nature, easy and economical in
    construction having proper coherence with the
    type of building structure.
  • Offer sufficient resistance against fire, heat,
    dampness, white ant or fungus, etc.
  • Rigid enough to take the vibrations caused due to
    loads.
  • Strong enough to support sanitary fittings and
    heavy fixtures.

6
Types of partition walls
  • Brick partitions,
  • Hollow block partitions,
  • Clay block partitions,
  • Concrete partitions,
  • Glass block partitions,
  • Wooden partitions,
  • Straw board partitions,
  • Plaster slab partitions,
  • Metal partitions,
  • Asbestos cement partitions, and
  • Double glazed window.

7
Brick partition
  • Constructed with plain bricks, Reinforced bricks,
    bricks-nogged or hollow bricks.
  • Plain brick partition of half brick thickness is
    not more than 2m in height.
  • In reinforced brick partition of half brick
    thickness, reinforcement in the form of wire mesh
    or hoop iron or steel bars is provided.

8
  • Brick nogging partition wall consists of
    brickwork built up within a framework of wooden
    members.
  • Brick partition is fire-resistant and sound-proof.

9
Hollow Block and Clay Block Partitions
  • Hollow concrete block partitions are built of
    individual units of concrete.
  • Clay blocks used are well prepared from clay or
    terra-cotta, and they are either solids or
    hollow.
  • Hollow clay blocks of section 3020 cm with
    thickness varying from 5 cm to 15 cm can also be
    used.
  • The blocks are provided with grooves on top,
    bottom and sides, surfaces are kept glazed in
    different colures.

10
  • They do not change their volume and are in
  • lighter in weight.

Hollow clay blocks
11
Acoustic Clay Hollow Partition Wall
12
Concrete partition
  • It can be either precast or cast in-situ.
  • Special concrete posts are used for the
    construction of precast concrete partition walls.

Concrete block
13
Glass partition
  • Are made from sheet glass or hollow glass blocks.
  • Provides good aesthetics and allow light
  • Are damp, sound and heat proof.
  • Easy to clean and maintain.
  • Sheets of glass are fixed in the frame work of
    wooden or metal.
  • Hollow blocks doesnt need timber framework.

14
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15
Wooden partition
  • Lighter in weight and easy to construct.
  • Neither sound-proof nor fire-proof.
  • Not suitable for damp locations.

16
Head
Stud
Sill
17
Wooden partition wall
18
Strawboard partitions
  • Useful where removal of partitions is frequent.
  • Made of compressed straw covered thick paper or
    hardboard.
  • Easy to construct.
  • Heat and sound proof partitions.

19
Strawboard Partition( with glass also used)
20
Plaster slab partitions
  • Are made of burnt gypsum or plaster of paris
    mixed with sawdust.
  • 5cm to 10cm thick slabs are prepared in iron or
    timber moulds.
  • To form rigid joints suitable grooves are
    provided in the plaster slabs.
  • Nails and screws can be easily driven into these
    slabs.

21
Incomplete Partition wall of Plaster and
expandable metal
22
Metal partitions
  • Are light in weight, fireproof and strong.
  • Are easy to construct and shift.
  • Insulated material is filled into hollow spaces.
  • Used for office and industrial buildings.
  • Are also formed of metal lathes supported and
    fixed by wires.

23
Skeleton metal partition
24
Asbestos Cement partitions
  • Light in weight, impervious, durable, water tight
    and fire-proof.
  • Asbestos cement sheets are made of asbestos
    cement sheets and fixed into timber framework.
  • Sheets are placed in position and joined by
    cement mortar.
  • Are mostly adopted in works of temporary
    character.

25
Double Glazed window
  • Used for acoustic insulation.
  • Air space between two panes is kept 50mm or more.
  • Air contained within narrow cavity is quite
    stiff
  • Transmits vibration at low frequencies.

26
Double glazed window
27
Movable partitions
  • Movable partitions are used where the walls of a
    room are frequently opened to form one large
    floor area.

28
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29
Foldable partition wall
30
Portable Partitions 
  • Rolling mobile folding partitions which provide
    temporary walls
  • The portable wall partition has two full panel
    end members which provide support, rigidity,
    privacy, and noise reduction.
  • They fold and are on wheels enabling mobility and
    ease of storage.

31
Three common uses are
  • To divide space quickly where non-mobile
    permanent room dividers may be unavailable or
    unpractical.
  • As a cost effective way to create a classroom or
    meeting room in existing space.
  • Convenient sight divider to conceal door openings
    to restrooms, commercial kitchens, and other
    backroom areas.

32
Portable Partitions are commonly used in
  • Arenas
  • Churches/Houses of Worship/Funeral Homes
  • Conference/Convention Centres
  • Government/Corporate offices
  • Hotels/Restaurants
  • Residences
  • Salons and Spas
  • Schools of all levels

33
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34
References
  • Dr B.C.Punamia, Building Construction
  • S.P.Arora and S.P.Bindra, Building Construction
  • Robert Jantschek, Portable wall partition with
    full panel end members.
  • www.niceduniya.com,Principles of design of
    partitions walls.
  • Images are taken from google image search
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