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Safety

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PULL THE PIN AIM THE NOZZLE AT THE BASE OF THE FIRE SQUEEZE THE HANDLE SWEEP BACK AND FORTH ALONG THE BASE OF THE FIRE HS-IHS-2: Students will maintain a safe work ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Safety


1
Safety
2
STANDARD
  • HS-IHS-2 Students will maintain a safe work
    environment and prevent accidents
  • by using safety precautions and/or practices
    including adherence to hazardous labeling
    requirements and compliance with safety signs,
    symbols, and labels.

3
ELEMENTS
  • a. Analyze the role and the responsibilities of
    the healthcare provider (student) in the
    classroom, laboratory, and various workplace
    settings in an emergency situation.
  • b. Demonstrate disaster preparedness procedures
    for each emergency situation fire prevention
    and the emergency evacuation plan, inclement
    weather, sniper attack, student (patient) out-of
    control, bioterrorism, and bomb threat.
  • c. Compare and contrast common emergency codes
    used in workplace settings to notify staff of
    impending emergency procedures (Code 99, Dr.
    Twister, etc.) and acknowledge that these codes
    may vary in each setting.
  • d. Demonstrate and incorporate proper use of
    ergonomics and correct body mechanics in the
    classroom, laboratory, and workplace.

4
Essential Questions
  • What does the term body mechanics mean?
  • How does practicing good body mechanics affect
    me?
  • What are the eight rules of body mechanics?
  • How do safety and emergency guidelines, policies,
    procedures, codes, and practices work in the
    classroom and healthcare setting/?
  • How do I maintain safety in the classroom,
    laboratory, and workplace settings?
  • How do MSDS sheets and procedure manuals help
    with safety measures?
  • What are the different types of fire
    extinguishers and the purpose of each?

5
Body Mechanics
  • DEFINITION OF BODY MECHANICS
  • the way in which the body moves and maintains
    balance with the most efficient use of all its
    parts
  • Goal is to decrease injuries to employees
  • Teaches proper techniques for lifting, bending
    and moving
  • Four Reasons to Use
  • Muscles work better when used correctly
  • Correct muscle used means easier lifting, pulling
    and pushing
  • Prevents strain and fatigue and saves energy
  • Prevents injuries to self and others

6
RISK FACTORS FOR INJURY
  • POOR POSTUREPOOR BODY MECHANICSLOW LEVEL OF
    FITNESS
  • OBESITY
  • STRESS, BOTH MECHANICAL AND
  • PSYCHOLOGICAL

7
Correct Body Mechanics
Eight Basic Rules of Body Mechanics 1. Bend from
the hips and knees when lifting an object
from the floor 2. Maintain a broad base of
support feet 8 -10 inches apart one foot
slightly forward balance weight on both feet,
pointing toes in direction of
movement 3.Use the strongest muscles to do the
job 4. Use the weight of your body to push or
pull
8
CORRECT BODY MECHANICSNUMBERS 5-8
  • 5.) Carry Heavy objects close to your
  • body
  • 6) Avoid twisting your body
  • 7) Avoid bending for long periods of time
  • 8) If patient or object is too heavyGet help!!
  • Back supports may be required by some
    organizations although there is conflicting data
    about their effectiveness
  • ( Facilities make sure it is the right size
  • and is worn properly).

9
ERGONOMICS
  • DEFINITION Applied Science used to promote
    safety and well being of people by adapting the
    environment and using techniques to prevent
    injuries.
  • Includes 1. Correct placement of furniture
  • and equipment
  • 2. Training in required
    muscle
  • movements
  • 3. Efforts to avoid
  • repetitive motions
  • 4. An awareness of the
    environment
  • to prevent injuries.
  • The prevention of accidents and injury centers
  • Around people and their immediate
  • environment

10
Ergonomics uses anatomy, physiology and
psychology to design and make products.
They target users and often design products for
people with limitations. Ergonomics supports body
mechanics in that they are taken into
consideration when products are designed.
Every healthcare worker must be conscious
personal and patient safety and must exercise
care in handling equipment and solutions They
also must accept responsibility for using good
judgment in any situations, asking questions when
unsure and following policies and procedures to
create a safe environment It is a legal
responsibility to protect the patient from harm
or injury.
11
PREVENTING ACCIDENTS AND INJURIES
  • IN THE CLASSROOM LABORATORY AND IN EMERGENCY
  • SITUATIONS

12
Patient/Resident Safety
  • always have authorization before performing a
    procedure on a patient
  • make sure you have the correct patient
  • follow instructions during procedures, ask
    questions if you dont know
  • read/follow policy and procedure
  • never perform something on a patient that they
    refuse
  • observe pt. Carefully-report any abnormal
    findings
  • always explain what you are doing to a patient
    first
  • Before leaving a patient ALWAYS CHECK IF...
  • call light is in reach, and is working
  • bed is low with appropriate side rails raised
  • phone is in reach or other items they may need
  • they are comfortable or need positioning.

13
Importance of Safety in the Healthcare Setting
  • 1) Ensures Patient safety
  • 2) Ensures Employee safety
  • 3) Protects employees from physical and
    health hazards in the work place
  • 4)Ensures better health for all concerned

14
Safety in the Classroom
  • 1) Equipment use
  • check all cords, wires and prongs
  • dont use until educated
  • dont use when instructor is absent
  • report any damage seen
  • 2) Solutions
  • never use if not labeled
  • be aware of danger signs.poison
    labels/precautions
  • never mix solutions unless instructor says to
  • wipe up any spills immediately and put out
    warning signs if large spill to prevent injury.
    (Use gloves if harmful)
  • keep obstacles out of the wayto prevent falls

15
  • 3) Reception Room
  • make sure all equipment or furniture works
    properly
  • have adequate lighting
  • WRINKLE FREE CARPETS. (decorative rugs can be a
    hazardous)
  • 4) Business Office
  • same except, make sure file cabinets are not
    left out to prevent injury
  • keep electrical cords, phone cords out of the
    way
  • 5)Exam Room
  • assist very ill, young or old people
  • never leave these patients alone on an exam
    table.

16
  • make sure all hazardous equipment or items that
    can be contaminated are not left alone with
    patient, and that it is out of reach.
  • prescription pads are not to be left in patient
    rooms
  • 6) Medical Laboratory
  • all chemicals labeled and stored
  • all expiration dates are current
  • USE BIOHAZARD BAGS/CONTAINERS
  • to properly dispose of contaminated
    items(needles, linens, dressings)

17
PERSONAL SAFETY
  • Always use correct body mechanics
  • report any injury or incidents to your supervisor
  • wash hands between patients, procedures, breaks
  • wear safety equipment when in contact with body
    fluids
  • never recap a needle

18
SAFETY LABELS
19
PPEs Personal Protection Devices
  • Barriers that are used when an employee will come
    in contact with body fluids
  • Gloves any contact with pt during procedures
  • Goggles splashing, droplet's
  • Gowns splashing, droplets, blood
  • Masks respiratory protection, splashing
  • Paper hats/Shoes Use in surgery

20
EMERGENCY CODES
  • Are used to alert staff /employees of danger and
    a need for response
  • Examples
  • Fire
  • Inclement weather
  • Tornado
  • Patient out of Control
  • Hurricane
  • Cardiac Arrest
  • Bomb Threat
  • Intruder/Kidnapping
  • Sniper

21
Examples
  • Numbers can be used
  • 10 bomb
  • 99 cardiac arrest
  • 18 medical emergency
  • Names can be used
  • Adam child missing/kidnapped
  • Preemie Neonatal cardiac arrest
  • Delta Internal/External Disaster

22
Letters or Signals T train casualty F Fire
DDisaster
Sometimes Colors are used Code Blue Cardiac
Arrest(Code) Code Red Fire Code Yellow
Bomb Code Pink Infant/Child abduction Code
Green Evacuation
Codes are different in each hospital. It is
necessary to learn the codes in your work place
. Disaster plans for each code have been written
and are located in a disaster policy manual in
your work area. All employees must know their
role in a disaster should one occur.
23
Disaster Plans
  • Tell you who to call
  • where to be
  • what your to be doing
  • who is in charge (who you answer to)
  • how to handle patient
  • how to handle situation
  • what to do at end of situation

24
Hazardous Spills
  • Hazardous/toxic substances that are defined as
    those chemicals present in the work place which
    are capable of causing harm.
  • Dusts
  • mixtures
  • paints, fuels and solvents

25
OSHAOccupational and Safety and Health
Administration
  • OSHA is responsible for making and maintaining
    safety standards in the work place.
  • Currently regulates 400 substances. All these
    substances are required to have a MSDS sheet.
    There are 100,000 MSDS sheets out for different
    substances

26
Hazard Communication
  • The focus is to ensure that employees and
    employers know about work hazards and how to
    protect themselves reducing the incidence of
    injuries.
  • OSHAs communication standard makes sure that all
    manufacturers of hazardous materials have MSDS
    sheets for them
  • MSDS Material Safety Data Sheet
  • What is in substance
  • How it is harmful
  • Prevention/Treatment
  • this information prevents accidents

27
Hazard Determination
  • Standard requires a list of hazardous chemicals
    in the workplace as part of hazard communication
    plan. An inventory list of everything that has
    an MSDS label
  • Written HAZCOM Program
  • in all facilities that have exposure to
    hazardous materials, a written plan must be
    established
  • Employee Training All employees are to be
    trained prior to exposure to hazardous materials
    and any changes that have occurred.

28
HAZARDOUS PLAN
  • Includes
  • list of all chemicals
  • Who is responsible for different aspects of
    program
  • Written materials about chemicals readily
    available
  • Charge person
  • Chemical Response
  • Radiation Response
  • Clean up/OSHA may need to assist

29
HAZMAT Response
  • Call for a major spill..too large to clean up,
    and must have outside help to contain, and clean.
  • Be aware of National Response Center
  • Who do you call for your facility!

30
FIRE SAFETY
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The Main Causes of Fire Smoking/Matches Misuse
of Electricity Defects in Heating
Systems Spontaneous Ignition Improper Rubbish
Disposal Arson
Prevention of Fatal Fires Fire
Extinguishers Smoke Detectors Sprinkler
Systems Prevention
33
The Acronym RACE is useful inFighting a Fire
  • R Rescue Move all pt to safe area
  • A Activate the alarm location and type
  • of fire.
  • C Confine the fire close windows/doors, shut of
    electrical equipment
  • E Extinguish the fire
  • always remain calm amd make sure you are aware of
    your facilited fire plan, where the extinguishers
    are, and the evacuation plan for your area.

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TYPES OF FIRE EXTINGUISHERS
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PASS
  • PULL THE PIN
  • AIM THE NOZZLE AT THE BASE OF THE FIRE
  • SQUEEZE THE HANDLE
  • SWEEP BACK AND FORTH ALONG THE BASE OF THE FIRE
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