Defensive Driving For Non-Emergency Drivers - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Defensive Driving For Non-Emergency Drivers PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 414201-Y2EwN



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Defensive Driving For Non-Emergency Drivers

Description:

Defensive Driving For Non-Emergency Drivers * * * * * * * * * * * * * Use time management when driving. Allocate buffer time just in case. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:331
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 59
Provided by: marionsoC
Learn more at: http://marionso.com
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Defensive Driving For Non-Emergency Drivers


1
Defensive DrivingFor Non-Emergency Drivers
2
Non- Emergency Vehicle Operation
  • Non- Sworn personnel are not authorized to
    operate agency vehicles in emergency mode (lights
    and siren). Vehicles must be operated in
    accordance with all traffic laws.

3
Non- Emergency Vehicle Operation
  • NO lights,
  • NO siren

4
DEFENSIVE driving is
  • making a habit of driving to prevent collisions
    and violations. You are creating a safe driving
    space. You are defending yourself even if the
    conditions are poor or other drivers are acting
    unsafely.

5
DEFENSIVE driving is
  • driving to SAVE LIVES, TIME and MONEY in spite
    of the conditions around you and the actions of
    others.

6
Characteristics of a Defensive Driver
  • Knowledge of laws and safe driving strategies
  • Alertness to focus attention on driving and the
    changing conditions
  • Foresight to recognize hazards in advance and
    know what might happen
  • Judgment to decide the safest action
  • Skill to carry out the action

7
Characteristics of a Defensive Driver
8
Q How do we prevent collisions?
A Collisions are prevented by the driver(s)
doing everything reasonable to avoid them.
9
Safety Facts
  • In the last 40 years the number of drivers
    increased by 64 while the roadway system
    increased by only 6.

Source National Highway Traffic Safety
Association
10
Road Signs
11
Road Sign Shapes
  • Round- Railroad advance warning
  • Diamond - Existing or possible hazards ahead
  • Triangle - Yield
  • Crossbuck - Railroad crossing
  • Pentagon School advance and school crossing
  • Vertical Rectangle - Generally regulatory
  • Pennant - Advance warning of no passing zones
  • Octagon - Stop
  • Horizontal Rectangle - Generally for guide signs



12
Traffic signsStandard Colors
  • GREEN Guide, directional information
  • RED Stop, do not enter or wrong way
  • BLUE Motorist services guide
  • ORANGE Construction/maintenance warning
  • BROWN - Public recreation/scenic
  • YELLOW General warning
  • WHITE - Regulatory
  • BLACK - Regulatory

13
CrashStatistics
  • 90 of all crashes are the result of DRIVER ERROR
  • Drivers have a 1 in 3 chance (33) of being
    involved in a fatal crash.

14
What affects our ability behind the wheel?
  • Age
  • Lights
  • Glare
  • Vision
  • Eye wear
  • Dirty windows
  • Injury/illness
  • Fatigue
  • Stress
  • Medication
  • Passengers
  • Cellular phones

15
Driver Safety Equipment
  • Failure to use a seatbelt could result in
    disciplinary action and or loss of benefits if
    involved in an accident.
  • Seatbelt use is mandatory as outlined in Florida
    state statute and Sheriffs office policy

16
Safety Belts
  • PROTECT
  • CONTROL
  • SURVIVE
  • They protect you by absorbing the force of a
    crash.
  • They help you stay in control of your vehicle by
    keeping you in your seat.
  • They increase your chance of surviving a crash by
    more than 50.

17
What are the consequencesor results of speeding?
  • Increased gas consumption.
  • Longer stopping distance.
  • Violation of traffic laws.
  • Increased chance of injury or fatality.
  • Decreased peripheral scanning ability.

18
  • Speed affects your field of vision. The faster
    you are traveling the narrower your visual field.
    This reduces your ability to recognize hazards
    outside of that narrow line of vision.
  • Driving at unsafe speeds is hazardous to you and
    other drivers on the road. Safe driving is as
    simple as making a decision to do so.

19
Speeding or driving at an unsafe speed
costsdrivers 41 Billion Annually
Source National Highway Traffic Safety
Association
20
Driving Too Fast
  • SPEED Is the 1 cause of crashes in the USA.
  • CARELESS DRIVING Is 2
  • Vehicle control, stability and maneuverability
    are all affected by how fast we drive

21
Driving Too Fast
  • The risk of being killed in a collision
    increases with speed. Speed kills. The greater
    the speed, the greater your risk of serious
    injury or death. There is 4 times more energy in
    a crash at 60 MPH than at 30 MPH.

22
Speeding is a contributing factor in fatal
crashes that kill approximately 13 of 500 people
every year.
Source National Highway Traffic Safety
Association
23
Vehicle Control
  • Proper steering will control weight shift and
    provide effective maneuvering
  • Shuffle steering helps maintain control and
    provides smooth steering.
  • Hand position is at the 10 and 2 oclock or the
    9 and 3 oclock position on the steering wheel.

24
Passing
  • Passing is one of the most dangerous things we do!

25
Passing
  • Passing is one of the most dangerous things we
    do!
  • One of the most common causes of deadly head-on
    collisions is improper passing. Before
    undertaking any pass, ask yourself,
  • Will it make any difference?
  • Is it safe?
  • Is it legal?
  • Do I really need to get ahead?
  • When getting ready to pass another vehicle,
    maintain a safe following distance. Before
    passing, signal left. Scan the road ahead and
    behind continually.

26
When NOT to Pass
  • Where you see a DO NOT PASS or NO PASSING
    ZONE sign

NO PASSING ZONE
27
When NOT to Pass
  • Where a solid yellow line is painted on your side
    of the center line.

28
When NOT to Pass
  • On hills or curves

29
When NOT to Pass
  • At or within 100 feet of intersections

30
When NOT to Pass
  • Within 100 feet of a bridge, viaduct, tunnel or
    railroad crossing

31
How to Recognize Potential Hazards
  • Scan the road ahead, behind, and next to your
    vehicle.
  • Check rear-view and side-view mirrors every 3
    to 5 seconds.

32
How to Recognize Potential Hazards
  • Many collisions may have been and could be
    prevented if drivers recognize hazards in advance
    and focus their attention on driving.

33
Proper Mirror Adjustment
Mirrors should be adjusted, so that you can not
see the sides of your own vehicle
34
Collision Avoidance
  1. It is better to swerve right instead of toward
    oncoming traffic to prevent a crash.

35
Collision Preparedness
  1. Hitting a row of bushes is better than a tree,
    post or solid object.

36
Collision Preparedness
  1. Hitting a vehicle moving in the same direction is
    better than hitting one head-on.

37
Collision Preparedness
  1. Driving off the road is better than skidding off
    the road when trying to avoid a crash.

38
Collision Preparedness
  1. It is better to hit something that is not moving
    instead of a vehicle moving toward you.

39
Aggressive Driving
40
Safety Facts
  • Aggressive driving causes 6.8 million crashes
    based on estimates.

Source National Highway Traffic Safety
Association
41
Road Rage
Increasingly crowded highways and traffic backups
cause many drivers to lose control and become
extremely aggressive.If you encounter
aggressive drivers, dont challenge them, and
stay as far away as possible.
42
Are You An Aggressive Driver?
  • Do you speed up to close the gap with the car
    ahead of you to prevent drivers from entering
    your lane?

YES? NO? MAYBE? YOU BE THE JUDGE!
43
Are You An Aggressive Driver?
  • Do you switch lanes to whichever seems to be
    moving faster?

YES? NO? MAYBE? YOU BE THE JUDGE!
44
Are You An Aggressive Driver?
  • Do you try to get ahead of other drivers, even
    when you are not in a particular hurry?

YES? NO? MAYBE? YOU BE THE JUDGE!
45
Are You An Aggressive Driver?
  • Do you pass as many vehicles as possible before
    the road closes to one lane?

YES? NO? MAYBE? YOU BE THE JUDGE!
46
Are You An Aggressive Driver?
  • Do you break suddenly when being tailgated?

YES? NO? MAYBE? YOU BE THE JUDGE!
47
Are You An Aggressive Driver?
  • Do you curse and make negative gestures towards
    other drivers?

YES? NO? MAYBE? YOU BE THE JUDGE!
48
Are You An Aggressive Driver?
  • Do you tailgate drivers who you think are driving
    too slow?

YES? NO? MAYBE? YOU BE THE JUDGE!
49
Are You An Aggressive Driver?
  • Do you block vehicles that are trying to pass
    illegally?

YES? NO? MAYBE? YOU BE THE JUDGE!
50
Are You An Aggressive Driver?
  • Do you typically speed up before an intersection
    to avoid a yellow light?

YES? NO? MAYBE? YOU BE THE JUDGE!
51
Are You An Aggressive Driver?
  • Do you get overly upset or angry in heavy traffic
    or in traffic jams?

YES? NO? MAYBE? YOU BE THE JUDGE!
52
How Close is Too Close?
  • 2 to 3 sec. following distance is generally
    recommended for driving in town.
  • The higher the speed the greater the following
    distance.
  • 3 to 6 sec. minimum following distance is
    recommended on our county highways.

53
How Close is Too Close?
  • Your safe following distance depends on how fast
    you are going and what the road conditions are.
    The two-second rule is a convenient way to figure
    your safe driving distance at various speeds
    without having to do calculations with numbers.
  • Just remember, the higher the speed the greater
    the following distance!
  • Measure your following distance by choosing a
    landmark such as a tree. When the rear bumper of
    the vehicle in front of you passes, start
    counting seconds one thousand and one, one
    thousand and two. If you reach the landmark
    before you finish counting, you are following too
    closely.

54
Take Your Keys With You
  • Florida Law prohibits drivers leaving a vehicle
    parked and unattended while the engine is
    running.

FSS 316.1975  Unattended motor vehicle
55
  • No matter how long you expect to be away from
    your vehicle, Florida Law requires all drivers to
    stop the engine, lock the ignition, and remove
    the key before exiting.
  • This includes just for a minute runs inside any
    place you can think of! (post office, convenient
    stores, etc)

56
Defensive Driving Tips That You Can Use
  • Use time management when driving
  • Monitor your speed regularly
  • Be careful and stay alert
  • Lower your speed when entering work zones and
    school zones.

57
Defensive Driving Tips That You Can Use
  • Let tailgaters passdont increase your speed.
  • Use your turn signals.
  • Florida law requires you turn headlights on when
    driving in rain, fog or smoke or other low
    visibility situations.

58
LETS DRIVE!
About PowerShow.com