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Give Me Liberty!

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Norton Media Library Chapter 11 Give Me Liberty! An American History Second Edition Volume 1 by Eric Foner I. The Old South Emergence of slavery as peculiar ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Give Me Liberty!


1
Chapter 11
Norton Media Library
Give Me Liberty! An American History Second
Edition Volume 1
by Eric Foner
2
I. The Old South
  • Emergence of slavery as peculiar institution
  • Cotton and the growth of southern slavery
  • Central place of cotton in world economy
  • Southern dominance of world cotton supply
  • Emergence of United States as center of new world
    slavery
  • Rise of internal slave trade
  • Pace and magnitude
  • Geographical patterns
  • Public visibility
  • Integral place in southern commerce
  • Importance to Cotton Kingdom

3
I. The Old South (contd)
  • Slaverys impact on national life
  • Political
  • Economic
  • In North
  • Commerce
  • Manufacturing
  • In South
  • Vitality of plantation economy
  • Limits on industrialization, immigration, and
    urban
  • growth
  • The New Orleans exception

4
The Old South (contd)
  • Plain folk
  • Remoteness from market revolution
    self-sufficiency
  • Class strata
  • Isolated poor
  • Yeomanry
  • Relation to planter elite
  • Alienation
  • Bonds
  • Racial
  • Familial
  • Political
  • Regional
  • Investment in slave system
  • Material
  • Ideological

5
The Old South (contd)
  • Planter elite
  • Measures of regional dominance
  • Scale of slave ownership
  • Size and quality of landholding
  • Income
  • Political power
  • Economic engagement in world market
  • Paternalistic, non-competitive ethos
  • Defining features
  • Contributing factors
  • Influence on southern values
  • Intellectual life

6
The Old South (contd)
  • Proslavery argument
  • Rising currency in southern thought
  • Elements of
  • Racial assumptions
  • Biblical themes
  • Notions of human progress
  • Prospects for equality among whites
  • Shift to more hierarchical defense of slavery

7
Life under slavery
  • Slaves and the law
  • General patterns
  • Status as property
  • Pervasive denial of legal rights
  • Power of slave owners over enforcement
  • Law as mechanism of masters control
  • Nineteenth-century trends
  • Legislation to humanize bondage
  • Features
  • Contributing factors
  • Legislation to tighten bondage
  • Features
  • Contributing factors

8
Life under slavery (contd)
  • Free black population
  • Size
  • Social and civil stature
  • Blurry line between slavery and freedom
  • Broad denial of legal rights
  • Growing reputation as threat to slave system
  • Regional variations
  • Lower South
  • Small numbers
  • Concentration in cities
  • Free black elite
  • Upper South
  • Concentration in farmlands
  • Ties to slave community

9
Life under slavery (contd)
  • Slave labor
  • Diversity of occupations
  • Agricultural
  • Small farms vs. plantations
  • Gang labor (cotton, sugar) vs. task labor (rice)
  • Urban
  • Relative autonomy and independence
  • Growing reputation as threat to slave system
  • Modes of order and discipline
  • Physical punishment
  • Manipulation of divisions
  • Material incentives
  • Threat of sale

10
Slave culture
  • General features
  • Central arenas
  • Family
  • Church
  • Chief functions
  • Survival of bondage
  • Preservation of self-esteem
  • Transmission of collective values across
    generations
  • Sources
  • African heritage
  • American values and experiences

11
Slave culture (contd)
  • Slave family
  • Demographic foundation
  • Legal constraints
  • Resiliency
  • Distinctive kinship patterns
  • Vulnerability to break-up through sale
  • Gender roles
  • Equality of powerlessness
  • Assertion of gender roles where possible

12
Slave culture (contd)
  • Slave religion
  • Practices
  • Black preachers on plantations
  • Urban black churches
  • Influences
  • Fusion of African and Christian traditions
  • Religious revivals in South
  • Slaves version of Christianity
  • Solace amid bondage
  • Hope for liberation
  • Sympathy for the oppressed
  • Brotherhood and equality
  • Negation of masters pro-slavery version

13
Slave culture (contd)
  • Desire for freedom and justice
  • As expressed in folk tales, spirituals
  • Reflection of American language of freedom

14
Resistance to slavery
  • Day-to-day silent sabotage
  • Escape
  • Obstacles
  • Destinations
  • Southern cities
  • Remote areas within South
  • North
  • Underground Railroad
  • Resourcefulness
  • Harriet Tubman
  • Large-scale collective escape
  • Infrequency of
  • Amistad episode

15
Resistance to slavery (contd)
  • Slave revolts
  • Major nineteenth-century episodes
  • Gabriels Rebellion
  • Louisiana sugar plantation slave rebellion
  • Denmark Vesey conspiracy
  • Nat Turners Rebellion
  • Notable patterns
  • Infrequency
  • Blend of African and American influences
  • Link between open rebellion and quieter
    resistance
  • Bleak prospects for success in South

16
Resistance to slavery (contd)
  • Slave revolts
  • Aftermath of Nat Turners rebellion in South
  • White panic
  • Widespread assaults on slaves
  • Tightening of restrictions on blacks (slave and
    free)
  • Stifling of slavery debate, abolitionism

17
Studyspace link
http//www.wwnorton.com/foner
18
End slide
This concludes the Norton Media Library Slide Set
for Chapter 11
Give Me Liberty! An American History 2nd Edition,
Volume 1
by Eric Foner
W. W. Norton Company Independent and
Employee-Owned
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