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Smart Cars

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Title: Smart Cars


1
Smart Cars
  • By Michio Kaku

2
Time allotment
  • Warming Up
  • Text Explanation
  • Writing strategy of Resume

3
Warming Up
  • Automobile(?)???????
  • Car(?)?????(?)???,????
  • Sedan(?)???,?????

4
Types of Automobile
  • Convertible???????
  • SUV-Sports Utility Vehicle??????
  • Off-road vehicle???
  • Sports Coupe????

5
Types of Automobile
  • MPV-Multi-Purpose Vehicle????
  • Classical car???
  • Recreational Car??
  • Conceptual Car???
  • Pick-up??(???)

6
Automobile Brands
  • Ferrari
  • Citreoen
  • Peugeot
  • Mitsubishi
  • Honda
  • Toyota
  • Porsche
  • Chevrolet
  • Volkswagen
  • Ford
  • Buick
  • Lamborghini
  • Rolls Royce
  • BMW-Bavarian Motor Works??
  • Jaguar??
  • Benz??
  • Hummer ??(?????,?????????????)
  • Cadillac????the Cadillac of sth???,???,???

7
Brainstorming
  • What functions do you think a smart car should
    have?Discuss and list
  • Lets take a look at an intelligent car in a
    movie.

8
Unit 2 Text A Smart Cars
  • Excerpted from Visions How Science Will
    Revolutionize the 21st Century
  • Michio Kaku
  • An internationally recognized authority in
    theoretical physics and environment
  • A professor of theoretical Physics at the City
    College and Graduate Center of City University in
    New York

9
Smart CarsText Organization
  • Part One(Paras 1-3)
  • Part Two(Paras 4-9)
  • Part Three(Paras 10-13)

10
Part One, Paragraph 2Language Points
  • Lucrative (L4) adj. producing much
    moneysyn.profitable
  • lucrative business / market / contract / job
  • The lobbies of Baghdad's five-star hotels are
    packed with businessmen fighting over lucrative
    contracts.
  • There is still an illegal but lucrative trade
    in ivory between Africa and South-East Asia.

11
Part One, Paragraph 2Language Points
  • presently (L5) adv. especially American English
    at the present time, (syn.-now)in a short time,
    (syn-soon)
  • This is a relatively clean source of energy
    compared to presently available nuclear power.
  • Tea will be served presently.

12
Part One, Paragraph 2Language Points
  • Manufacture (L7) v. 1) make goods on a large
    scale using machinery
  • The car was designed, developed, and manufactured
    in collaboration with Honda.
  • 2) n.
  • During World War II, steel supplies were used in
    the manufacture of weapons.
  • This country imports many foreign manufactures.
    (pl)???,??
  • Cf- manufacturer???

13
Part One, Paragraph 3Background Information
  • ITS (L13) Intelligent transportation systems
    encompass a broad range of wireless and wireline
    communications-based information, control and
    electronics technologies.
  • Functions of ITSHelp monitor and manage traffic
    flowReduce congestionProvide alternate routes
    to travelersEnhance productivitySave lives,
    time and money.
  • Examples of Intelligent transportations systems
    include Advanced Traveler Information
    SystemsAdvanced Traffic Management
    SystemsIncident Management Systems

14
Part One, Paragraph 2Exercise
  • L4 The automobile industry ranks as among the
    most lucrative and powerful industriesrank as
    one of
  • Rank as / amongToday's match ranks as one of the
    most exciting games that these two have ever
    played.We rank among the safest countries in the
    world.
  • Double prepositionEx P52

15
Part OneQuestion
  • How important was the automobile industry in the
    twentieth century?
  • What will happen to cars and roads in the
    twenty-first century?
  • Main idea of Part One
  • New technology will have a dramatic impact on
    cars and highways in the 21st century.

16
Part Two, Paragraph 4Language Points
  • eliminate (L19) v. to completely get rid of sth.
    that is unnecessary or unwanted to defeat a team
    or person in a competition??
  • sth eliminate a need/possibility/risk/problem
  • The credit card eliminates the need for cash or
    checks.
  • eliminate sth/sb from sth
  • Their team was eliminated from the World Cup in
    the first round.
  • Cf-Select the superior and eliminate the inferior
    (survival of the fittest)
  • ????

17
Part Two, Paragraph 4Language Points
  • vapor (L21) n.
  • The atmosphere always contains some moisture in
    the form of water vapor.
  • in the air (L21) in the earths atmosphere if a
    feeling is in the air, a lot of people feel it at
    the same time
  • Or be (up) in the air uncertain, not yet decided
  • There is a strong smell of burning in the air
    before the eruption of the volcano.
  • There was a sense of excitement in the air.
  • Our trip is still very much (up) in the air.
  • Cf- be on / off (the) air??/??
  • put on airs??? airs and graces????

18
Part Two, Paragraph 4Language Points
  • start up (L21) if an engine, car etc starts up,
    or you start it up, it begins working ??
  • if you start up a business, company etc, or
    it starts up, it begins to exist ??
  • if a sound, activity, or event starts up, it
    begins to exist or happen ??
  • Tax breaks help new companies start up.
  • The anti-virus icon should appear whenever you
    start up your computer.

19
Part Two, Paragraph 4Language Points
  • alert (L22) v.alert sb alert sb to sth
  • One fireman alerted the residents and helped them
    to safety.
  • Campaigns have been carried out to alert the
    public to the dangers of HIV.
  • adj. be alert to sth.
  • The authorities should have been alert to the
    possibility of invasion.
  • n. be on the alert for sth. / sb.
  • Be on the alert for anyone acting suspiciously.
  • on full alert / on high alert (completely
    ready to deal with a dangerous situation)

20
Part Two, Paragraph 4Background Information
  • The latest personal police system that prevents
    drunk driving

21
Part Two, Paragraph 5Background Information
  • Blind spot (L27)1) the part of road that a
    driver cannot see from the rear-view mirror
  • 2) sth that you are unable or unwilling to
    understandI have a blind spot where computers
    are concerned.

22
Part Two, Paragraph 6Language points
  • prototype (L29) n. the first model or design of
    sth. from which other forms are copied or
    developed ??
  • Bell uttered to his assistant the words, Mr.
    Watson, come here I want you, using a prototype
    telephone.

23
Part Two, Paragraph 6Language points
  • monotonous (L31) adj. boring because of always
    being the same
  • Robots are used in repetitive, monotonous tasks
    in which human performance might degrade over
    time.
  • The explorers lived on monotonous diet of rice
    and vegetables.

24
Part Two, Paragraph 6Language points
  • grossly (L32) adv. extremely
  • Medical records were found to be grossly
    inadequate.
  • Cf- gross adj. 1)??,?? ant. net
  • Gross profit / weight GDP GNP
  • 2) clearly wrong and unacceptable
  • soldiers accused of gross violations of human
    rights

25
Part Two, Paragraph 6Language points
  • hazard (L33) n. a danger or risk
  • Hazard to/for sth.
  • Polluted water sources are a hazard to wildlife.
  • health/safety hazard
  • - The lead in old paints is a real health hazard.
  • Cf.- hazardous adj.
  • be hazardous to health

26
Part Two, Paragraph 6Language points
  • train sth on/at sb/sth. (L34) aim sth such as a
    gun or camera at sb or sth
  • She trained her binoculars on the bird.
  • Train ones gun on the enemy

27
Part Two, Paragraph 7Language points
  • Get/be stuck in sth. (L38) impossible or unable
    to move informal unable to escape from a bad or
    boring situation
  • Getting stuck in the traffic for two hours, John
    was late for his first date with Annie.
  • Mum resented being stuck at home with two young
    kids.

28
Part Two, Paragraph 7Cultural Notes
  • Navstar-24 navigation satellites
  • GPS-Global Positioning System

29
Part Two, Paragraph 7Exercise
  • They make it possible (L43) review the sentence
    structurev it adj. to do sth.
  • it used as object of a verb when the real
    object is later in the sentence
  • P52 structure exercise

30
Part Two, Paragraph 7Language points
  • vibrate (L46) v. (cause sth to) move rapidly and
    continuously backwards and forwards shake
  • The floor was vibrating to the beat of the music.
  • Microwave ovens operate by agitating the water
    molecules in the food, causing them to vibrate,
    which produce heat.
  • Cf- n. vibration

31
Part Two, Paragraph 8 and 9Language points
  • convert (L52) v. to change sth into a different
    form of thing, or to change sth so that it can be
    used for a different purpose or in a different
    way
  • Convert sth. into/to sth
  • Stocks can be easily converted to cash.
  • Solar cooking requires a dark pot to absorb the
    suns rays and convert them into heat energy.
  • Cf- adj. convertible
  • a convertible currency
  • a convertible sofa

32
Part Two, Paragraph 9Background information
  • Japans smart car systemAssociated Press
    December 27, 2004
  • Our CountryV-type Smart Car by Qinghua
    University

33
Part Two, Paragraph 8 and 9Language points
  • Correlate (L54) v. have a mutual relationship or
    connection, in which one thing affects or depends
    on another
  • Correlate (strongly/significantly/closely)
    with/to sth
  • Poverty and poor housing correlate with a shorter
    life expectancy.
  • Obesity correlates closely with increased risk of
    stroke.
  • Cf- n. correlation
  • There is a direct correlation between the
    best-known brands and the best-selling brands.

34
Part TwoText Organization
  • Functions brought by Advanced technology
  • drunk electronic sensors
  • driving warning radars
  • sleepy driving monitoring camera

eliminate traffic accidents
Paras 4-6
warn of traffic jams
Paras 7
  • sensors in cars tuned to radio signals from
    Navstar for traffic jams
  • time taken for signal from satellite to arrive
  • rotations in the steering wheel and position on
    map

determine cars precise locations
Paras 8-9
  • Main idea of part two

35
Part Three, Paragraph 10Language points
  • drastically (L56) adv.Drastic adj extreme and
    sudden, having a strong or violent effect
  • The size of the government was drastically cut.
    (????)
  • Drastic changes are needed if environmental
    catastrophe is to be avoided.(????)
  • NATO threatened drastic action if its terms were
    not met.(????)

36
Part Three, Paragraph 10Language points
  • Be poised to (L57) be ready to take action at
    any moment
  • The automobile company is poised to launch its
    new advertising campaign.
  • The company seems poised for success.
  • The economy is poised on the edge/brink of
    collapse.

37
Part Three, Paragraph 10Language points
  • explode (L58) v. 1) to suddenly increase greatly
    in number, amount, or degreesyn.-rocket
  • Florida's population exploded after World War
    II.
  • 2) to suddenly express strong feelings such as
    anger
  • He told a joke which made Hank explode with
    laughter.

38
Part Three, Paragraph 11Exercise
  • telematics (L62) abbreviation Exercise P49
    Word Formation

Initialism WTO, WHO
Acronym NATO, APEC, AIDS
Clipping Ad, lab, math
Blending Smog, motel
Abbreviation
39
Part Three, Paragraph 11Cultural Notes
  • Highway (L63) ??,??
  • Expressway ????
  • Underground / subway
  • Light rail (elevated railway)
  • Inner-ring road
  • Outer-ring road
  • Elevated road viaduct ??
  • Over-pass ??
  • Mag-lev train Magnetically levitated train

40
Part Three, Paragraph 11Language Points
  • mount (L65) v. 1) to fix (sth.) in position for
    use, display or study
  • The ship mounts eight cannons.
  • 2) go up stairs
  • A car suddenly mounted the pavement to avoid a
    vehicle coming in the opposite direction.
  • 3) to plan, organize, and begin an event or a
    course of action
  • Guerrillas have mounted an attack on the capital.
  • 4) to increase gradually in amount or degree
  • Casualties on both sides of the battle have
    continued to mount.

41
Part Three, Paragraph 12Language Points
  • magnetic (L70) adj. having the properties of a
    magnet
  • magnetic force
  • magnetic field
  • magnetic personality/charm (qualities that make
    other people feel strongly attracted to
    you)????,?????
  • To be a successful businessman you must be
    enthusiastic and magnetic.

42
Part Three, Paragraph 12Language Points
  • bunch (L71) v. group together (both active and
    passive)
  • bunch together, bunch up
  • They bunched together to allow others to squeeze
    into the crowded elevator.
  • cf- n.?,?,?
  • a bunch of flowers / keys / grapes
  • a bunch of people a group of people

43
Part Three, Paragraph 13Language Points
  • incorporate (L75) v. to include sth as part of a
    group, system, plan etc
  • incorporate sth. into/in sth.
  • We've incorporated many environmentally-friendly
    features into the design of the building.
  • They laid down a health club incorporating a gym,
    sauna and steam room.

44
Part Three, Paragraph 13Language Points
  • boon (L79) n. sth that is very useful and makes
    your life a lot easier or better
  • A recently acquired photo-copier has proved a
    great time-saving boon for note taking.
  • Torontos loss is a boon to the other candidate
    cities hoping to host the 2012 Summer Olympics.
  • boon companion literary a close friend??

45
Part ThreeQuestions
  • What technology is used in building smart
    highways?
  • What are the advantages of smart highways?
  • Main idea of Part Three
  • GPS and telematics will make it possible to
    build smart highways, which will benefit us in
    more than one way.

46
Writing StrategyHow to write a resume
  • A resume is a concise business-style report that
    displays your job qualifications to a prospective
    employer. Typically, information is grouped under
    six headings. P69
  • Headings
  • Employment Objective
  • Education
  • Employment Experience
  • Professional Interests
  • References

47
Writing StrategyHow to write a resume
  • Some tips
  • Keep your resume brief and to the point
  • Try to fit your resume on one page. Use two pages
    only if your experience is extensive
  • Avoid personal pronouns (dont use I)
  • If you are using the chronological format, list
    your most recent experience
  • If you are using the skills format, begin with
    your strongest and most relevant experience

48
Writing StrategyHow to write a resume
  • Useful websites for job-hunting
  • www.zhaopin.com.cn
  • www.51job.com.cnHas a printed newspaper named
    career post (Qian Cheng weekly)
  • www.china-hr.com
  • www.1stjob.net the target reader is graduate
    student
  • www.onchina.com
  • www.chinacareer.com
  • www.jobcenter.com.cn focus on IT talent, links
    to other job-hunting web site
  • www.hr.com.cn

49
Exercises
  • Multiple Choices
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