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How to do a Science Fair Project

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How to do a Science Fair Project For the Lake Central School Corporation Return to Science Project Page * Teacher Resources: www.sciencebuddies.org Background ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: How to do a Science Fair Project


1
How to do a Science Fair Project
  • For the
  • Lake Central School Corporation

2
What is a Science Fair Project?
  • A Science Fair Project is an experiment or test
    that answers a question about a topic that
    interests you.

Click here for project idea assistance.
3
Steps of the Scientific Method for Your Science
Fair Project
  1. Topic
  2. Problem
  3. Research
  4. Hypothesis
  5. Procedure
  6. Experiment Record Data
  7. Analysis/Results
  8. Conclusion

(Click here for an outline of the steps )
Click here for Printable Resource Guides for each
step.
4
How to get Started..Ask and Plan
  • FIRST, ASK your parents for permission! Click
    here for Lake Central Fair Entry Form
  • PLANNING is the key to a great Science Fair
    Project. (See Science Fair Sample Proposal Sheet)
  • Let your parents or teachers help you plan out
    what you want to do!
  • Keep a scientific log, journal, or notebook.
    (Click here)

5
Where do you start?Choose a topic
  • Check out some of the lists of project ideas (See
    Resources Topics)
  • Choose a project on a subject that you are
    interested in!!
  • First ask yourself, What am I interested in?
  • Music, cooking, books, ?

Topic Ideas http//www.sciencebuddies.org/science
-fair-projects/project_ideas.shtml
6
Your Problem
  • What are you trying to discover?
  • Be sure your problem is stated in the form of a
    question that can be tested by a hypothesis.
  • How to develop a testable question?

7
Now that I have Chosen a topic
  • READ!!! Research your topic.
  • Read books, magazines, browse the Internet, ask
    teachers, scientists, or professionals.
  • These sources will be used for your RESEARCH
    PAPER.
  • Keep a record of where all the information came
    from!!!
  • Where should I do this?

8
Research Paper
  • Paper should include..
  • Title Page
  • Essay Click here for Guide Click here for
    outline
  • Works Cited Page

See Doing Background Research _at_
http//www.sciencebuddies.org/science-fair-project
s/project_guide_index.shtml?FromTab
9
Hypothesis
  • After Researching your topic, your should now be
    ready to make your hypothesis or educated guess?
  • This is a statement that can be tested by a
    experiment.
  • If.., then I believebecause..

If I test the effects different salts have on
melting ice, then I believe rock salt will melt
ice the fastest because it contains calcium
sulphate which allows ice to melt at colder
temperatures.
Example
See Constructing a Hypothesis _at_ http//www.science
buddies.org/science-fair-projects/project_guide_in
dex.shtml?FromTab
10
Procedure
  • Explains how to conduct the experiment.
  • The steps should be numbered and in order so that
    the experiment can be repeated exactly the same
    way.
  • Identify the control and variable.

(See Science Fair Proposal Sheet)
See Testing Your Hypothesis by Doing an
Experiment _at_ http//www.sciencebuddies.org/science
-fair-projects/project_guide_index.shtml?FromTab
11
ATTENTION!!!
  • If you are using one of the following subjects in
    your experiment, PLEASE let your teacher and
    science coordinator know
  • Human test subjects
  • Animal test subjects
  • Mold, fungus, bacteria, germs, or other weird
    stuff
  • Coordinator must give you additional safety
    approval forms!
  • Regional and State Required Forms
    http//www.iun.edu/sciencef/sfw/forms.htm

12
Always Identify
  • Controls factors that are exactly the same
  • Example for plant growth
  • Same amount and type of soil, sunlight,
    fertilizer, seeds, pots, room temperature, etc.
    for the different plant trials
  • Variable- The one factor that is changed
  • Example for plant growth
  • Each plant trial is given different amounts of
    water

See Constructing a Hypothesis _at_ http//www.science
buddies.org/science-fair-projects/project_guide_in
dex.shtml?FromTab
13
Experiment
  • Once you have planned out your procedures, it is
    time to conduct your experiment.
  • Experiment should be conducted a minimum of 3
    trials.
  • Make observations frequently and consistently and
    regularly.
  • Record observations in science notebook or
    journal.
  • Get your parents permission and let them help and
    watch, too!

See Testing Your Hypothesis by Doing an
Experiment _at_ http//www.sciencebuddies.org/science
-fair-projects/project_guide_index.shtml?FromTab
14
Why do I have to conduct my experiment3 or more
times?
  • If you performed the experiment only once, an
    error may have been made.
  • ALWAYS REPEAT YOUR EXPERIMENT TRIALS AT LEAST 3
    TIMES!
  • This allows for accuracy.

15
Record Results
  • Record your observations!
  • Observations can be measurable and descriptive
    Record Both!
  • Example of Notebook/Journal Entry
  • Date observations
  • 11/13/08 Growth-The plant grew 3mm
  • Observation- the leaves looked bright green and
    healthy.
  • MEASURABLE OBSERVATIONS ARE PREFERRED!

16
Analysis/Results
  • Make sense of your observations by arranging your
    data in forms of tables and charts.
  • Line plots, averaging, circle and bar graphs,
    etc.
  • Charts and Graphs should ALWAYS be labeled
    including units of measurements.

(Click here for assistance)
See Analyzing Your Data and Drawing a Conclusion
_at_ http//www.sciencebuddies.org/science-fair-proje
cts/project_guide_index.shtml?FromTab
17
Conclusion
  • Analyze your experimental data and observations.
  • Answer your original problem.
  • Did you prove or disprove your hypothesis?
  • What could you do differently if you were to
    conduct this experiment again?

18
Display Board
Plan first! Click for example or plan
outline See Dos and Donts Include -Title
-Materials -Problem
-Pictures -Hypothesis
-Tables/Charts/Drawings -Procedures
- Results -Variable/Controls - Conclusions
http//www.sciencebuddies.org/science-fair-project
s/project_display_board.shtml?gclidCJCP2uDgt5MCFQ
QmGgodFnv_Dg
19
Presenting Your Project
  • Before you present Make sure your you didnt
    miss anything (See page 19)
  • Use your Display Board and materials used for
    visuals to guide your presentation.
  • See Judging Rubric pages 20 - 23

See Communicating Your Results _at_ http//www.scienc
ebuddies.org/science-fair-projects/project_guide_i
ndex.shtml?FromTab
20
Important Things to Remember throughout your
project
  • From the very beginning, Keep notes on your
    project.
  • Write down what you do each time you work on your
    research project. This will help you write your
    report.
  • Keep up with where your information you obtained
    your information!!

21
CAUTION!!!
  • NEVER!! copy someones project! Use the ideas to
    make your own project.
  • You can use the same project, just do the work
    yourself!

22
Remember
  • Your teachers and parents will be happy to help
    you!!!
  • But do the work yourself!!!
  • Make sure that the results of your experiment
    answers the question you have asked and proves or
    disprove your hypothesis!

23
Teacher Resources
  • Science Buddies
  • http//www.sciencebuddies.org/
  • Teacher Guide
  • http//www.sciencebuddies.org/science-fair-project
    s/teachers-guide-to-science-projects.pdf
  • Scientific Method Poster
  • http//www.sciencebuddies.org/science-fair-project
    s/scientific-method-poster.pdf

24
Helpful Websites
  • Listed are some interesting sites that may be
    helpful for your science project. There are many
    more reliable sites available. Please be sure
    that an adult monitors student time spent on the
    Internet.
  • http//www.sciencebuddies.org/
  • http//www.juliantrubin.com/branchesofsciencefair.
    html
  • http//classroom.jc-schools.net/coleytech/sciencef
    air/
  • http//mathforum.org/teachers/mathproject.html
  • http//faculty.washington.edu/chudler/fair.html
  • http//school.discovery.com/sciencefaircentral/
  • http//www.cool-science-projects.com/index.html
  • http//users.rcn.com/tedrowan/primer.html
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