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THE PRINCIPLES OF SOCIAL ETHICS

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Human Dignity Slide 9 2. Respect for Life 3. Family, Community Participation 4. Rights and Responsibilities 5. Common Good 6. Option of the Poor 7. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: THE PRINCIPLES OF SOCIAL ETHICS


1
THE PRINCIPLES OF SOCIAL ETHICS
  • The 9 Principles of Social Ethical Teaching (SET)

2
Where does the Following Statement Come From?
  • We hold these truths to be self-evident, that
    all men are created equal, that they are endowed
    by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights,
    that among these are Life, Liberty and the
    pursuit of Happiness. That to secure these
    rights, Governments are instituted among Men,
    deriving their just powers from the consent of
    the governed, That whenever any Form of
    Government becomes destructive of these ends, it
    is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish
    it, and to institute new Government, laying its
    foundation on such principles and organizing its
    powers in such form, as to them shall seem most
    likely to effect their Safety and Happiness.

3
  • Declaration
  • Of
  • Independence

4
  • What enables us to recognize and understand Gods
    command to do good and avoid evil?
  • Human intellect
  • What enables us to choose good with the guidance
    of our conscience and obey Gods law of love?
  • FREE WILL

5
  • The teachings of Social Ethics (SE) will attempt
    to teach us to understand how societies work and
    what moral principles and values ought to guide
    them

6
  • The roots of SE teaching goes back to the Hebrew
    prophets who claim Gods special love for the
    poor and called His chosen people to be just,
    loving, and peace-filled.
  • These principles flow primarily from the life of
    Christ, who proclaimed the good news to the poor
    and taught His followers how to recognize and
    respond to the least in our midst

7
The Nine Principles of SET
  • Human Dignity
  • Respect for Life
  • Family / Community Participation
  • Rights and Duties
  • Common Good
  • Option for the Poor
  • Work and Workers
  • Solidarity
  • Stewardship

8
1. Human Dignity
  • We are made in the image and likeness of God.
    Human dignity means we have worth and value. This
    is why all the principles that follow are true
  • Everyone, regardless of race, creed, color,
    nationality, religion, economic statue, gender,
    deserve respect. ALL are members of Gods family

9
  • Our dignity does not come from what we have or
    what we do it comes from being Gods special
    creation
  • Every human being is created in the image of God
    and redeemed by Jesus Christ, and therefore, is
    invaluable and worthy of respect as a member of
    the human family

10
2. Respect for Life
  • All life is precious and deserving of our respect
    and protection. From conception to the end of
    life through natural death, a person has inherent
    dignity and a right to life consistent with that
    dignity.
  • Unless human life is treated as sacred and
    respected as such, we cannot have a just society

11
3. Family, Community Participation
  • A person is not only sacred but social
  • The family is the central social institution
  • People also have the right and duty to
    participate in society seeking the common good
    and welfare of all
  • God has a communal and social nature (God is a
    Triune God)

12
4. Rights and Responsibilities
  • The most fundamental right is that of life and
    what is necessary for human decency.
  • Rights also have corresponding responsibilities
    to each other, to our families, and to the larger
    society
  • Human dignity and healthy community can only be
    achieved if human rights are protected and
    responsibilities are met

13
5. Common Good
  • Social conditions that permit individuals to
    reach their full human potential.
  • The 3 elements of common good
  • A) Respect for and promotion of the fundamental
    rights of the person
  • B) Prosperity social well being and
    development of the group
  • C) Peace and security of the group and its
    members

14
6. Option of the Poor
  • How are our most vulnerable members doing?
  • Jesus taught we must put the needs of the poor
    first. The powerless and poor need our
    protection.
  • The poor deserve respect and the ability to
    participate and to share in Gods creation

15
7. Work and Workers Rights
  • The economy must serve the people, not the other
    way around.
  • Workers rights Productive work, fair wage,
    decent conditions, economic incentive, private
    property, etc Respecting these rights promotes
    an economy that protects human life, defends
    human rights, and advances the well being of all.

16
8. Solidarity
  • We are our brothers keeper
  • We are responsible for each others well being.
  • Pope John Paul II wrote Because we are all
    really responsible for all.

17
9. Stewardship
  • We are called to protect people, planet, and
    living our faith in relationship with all of
    Gods creation.
  • We respect God by being good stewards of the earth

18
Definitions of What it is to be Human
  • Man, when perfected, is the best of animals, but,
    when separated from law and justice, he is the
    worst of all
  • -Aristotle-
  • Man is heavens masterpiece
  • -Francis Quarles-
  • You have created us for yourself, and our heart
    is not quiet until it rests in You.
  • -St Augustine-

19
We Are In Charge Of Gods Creation
  • Respect for nature and respect for human life are
    inextricably related
  • Respect for life extends also to the rest of
    creation. Other species, ecosystems, and even
    distinctive landscapes give glory to God.
  • The covenant given to Noah was a promise to all
    the earth

20
  • The diversity of life manifests Gods glory.
    Every creature shares a bit of the divine beauty
  • Gods divine goodness could not be represented by
    one creature alone, so he produced many diverse
    creatures, so that what was wanting to one in
    representation of the divine goodness might be
    supplied by another

21
  • Hence, the whole universe together participates
    in the Divine goodness more perfectly, and it
    represents it better than any single creature
  • The wonderful variety of the natural world is,
    therefore, part of the Divine plan and , as such,
    invites our respect

22
  • Accordingly, it is appropriate that we treat
    other creatures and the natural world not just as
    a means to human fulfillment, but also as Gods
    creatures, possessing an independent value,
    worthy of our respect and care

23
How Do We Show Respect For Gods Creation?
  • By preserving natural environments
  • By protecting endangered species
  • By making human environments compatible with
    local ecology, by employing appropriate
    technology
  • By carefully evaluating technological innovations

24
  • Care for the earth is a duty of our faith and a
    sign of our concern for all people.
  • We should strive to live simply to meet the needs
    of the present without compromising the ability
    of future generations to meet their own needs

25
  • As stewards we should strive for a world in which
    people respect and protect all of creation and
    seek to live simply in harmony with it for the
    sake of future generations

26
What Does it Mean to be Human?
  • If God is our Father then we are all brothers and
    sisters
  • Our view of how humans should act depends on how
    we see ourselves
  • If we see ourselves as bad we wont be too
    concerned about acting responsibly
  • If we see ourselves in Gods image then we
    will reflect on His creation and respect all
    around us

27
What is a Right?
  • A claim we can make on each other and society for
    basic minimum conditions.
  • A right is not something that is earned they are
    due because we are made in Gods image and
    likeness

28
  • Some Rights Are
  • Universal
  • For every human being
  • Inviolable
  • Untouchable, b/c it comes from God
  • Inalienable
  • Inherent and beyond challenge. No one has a
    right to take them away b/c they are due us as
    children of God

29
We are Unique
  • We all possess a spiritual and immortal soul that
    has two powers
  • A. Intellect it allows us to think
  • B. Free Will it allows us to choose and to
    love
  • This spiritual nature makes humans unique among
    creation

30
What Rights do Humans Have?
  • Private property
  • Set up a family
  • Worship
  • Proper development of life
  • Food / shelter / clothing
  • Education
  • Medical care
  • Rest
  • Freedom of movement (Where to live)

31
  • We are social as the Trinity is a community so
    all choices must be acted on in relationship with
    others
  • With every free choice is a corresponding
    responsibility
  • We have a responsibility to respect other
    peoples rights. We cannot claim rights while
    ignoring our responsibilities

32
What is Our Personal Responsibility?
  • To develop our potential
  • Glorify God by cooperating with his plan for
    creation
  • To be compassionate as our God is compassionate
  • To love unconditionally as God loves
  • In short, our vocation is to be like Jesus

33
Justice
  • Are charity and justice synonymous?
  • Yes? Yes?
  • Yes? Yes?
  • NO? No?
  • No? No?

34
  • Charity cannot substitute for justice. Charity is
    geared toward immediate needs, private,
    individual acts. Social justice it targeted
    toward change, long term needs to change unjust
    institutions.
  • What would be charity and what would be justice
    in the parable of the Good Samaritan?

35
  • When Are We Just?

  • When we are faithful, i.e. when we love God above
    all, love our neighbor as ourselves and respect
    and use Gods earth wisely
  • We get this from Biblical justice. Biblical
    justice is fidelity to God, neighbor, and to
    Gods created goods
  • Fidelity strict observance of promises, duties,
    etc.

36
  • God forms a covenant with Abraham binding himself
    to an open-ended contract of love
  • God promises to be faithful to Abraham (giving
    him land, children, descendents). The Hebrews
    were to remain faithful to the covenant, to obey
    God by living upright, just lives
  • Jesus is Gods new covenant with us, He reveals
    justice in the flesh and His fundamental teaching
    is--LOVE

37
Love and Service
  • Jesus is Gods new covenant with us, He reveals
    justice in the flesh and His fundamental teaching
    is
  • LOVE
  • Love one another as I have loved you.
  • Before Jesus ascends to heaven He forms a just
    community to carry on His work. What are his
    criteria for membership?
  • SERVICE
  • Anyone who wants to become great among you must
    be your servant. Anyone who wants to first among
    you must be a slave to all,

38
Justice and Society
  • The three divine persons are bound in a community
    of love. God is one divine being but a community
    of relationships.
  • Society is a group of persons bound together by a
    principle of unity that goes beyond them we are
    responsible for each other

39
What Groups are We Part of?
  • Family- the first and most basic is family,
    immediate and extended. The foundation of all
    society is the family
  • The breakdown of the family structure destroys
    the structure of society as a whole.

40
  • The breakdown continues to neighborhood, school,
    clubs and community, city, state, region, nation,
    and world
  • We belong to a city of world citizens as well as
    these other communities
  • We all have one thing on commonthe HUMAN PERSON
  • Societies exist for the benefit of the human
    person (not the other way around). The rules,
    laws, and procedures of society must serve the
    people (not vice versa)

41
  • Think of our participation in both community and
    family
  • We cannot survive infancy without the family
    structure. We are dependent on our family for
    survival
  • We cannot survive living together as a collection
    of people without government authority
  • Both institutions exist to promote the
    individual, to help the individual develop their
    talents. Participation helps develop these

42
Subsidiarity
  • What associations/organizations do we participate
    in?
  • sports teams,
  • religious groups,
  • political parties,
  • neighborhood associations,
  • clubs, etc.
  • These all have some sort of authoritative
    structure

43
  • The principle of subsidiarity is that larger
    social organization (like the Federal Govt.)
    should not take over what individuals or lower
    associations can accomplish on their own. What
    are some examples?
  • This helps promote common good

44
Common Good
  • Common good is the sum of those conditions of
    social life which allow social groups and their
    individual members access to their fulfillment
  • There are 3 essential elements to common good

45
Respect for the Human Person
  • Public authorities must respect the fundamental
    inalienable rights of each human being

46
Social well being / Development
  • Public authorities must enable groups to
    develop socially, economically, politically,
    culturally, and religiously

47
Foster Peace
  • Without peace it is impossible to establish a
    just society

48
Social Charity / Solidarity
  • Being committed to practicing justice (fostering
    common good)
  • We are our brothers keeper. We are responsible
    for each other.
  • The poor and powerless are unable to secure their
    own rights. It is our responsibility to help so
    they can take an active role in society and
    contribute to the common good.
  • By helping others so they can contribute helps
    promote our own common good
  • What are some things we can do for the poor?

49
COMMON PROBLEMSCOMMON GROUND
  • What common experience is available to ALL
    humanity (and animals)?

50
What one universal reality impinges on all
humanity and can be pointed to with one word?
___________!!
  • SUFFERING

51
SUFFERING
  • There is a tremendous amount of suffering in
    todays world (first of all, human suffering)
  • If there is not more suffering today than there
    ever was, we at least seem more aware of it
  • It also seems more threatening and unsettling
    than ever before

52
Interrelated Faces of Suffering
  • 1. POVERTY-Approximately ¼ of the human
    population does not have enough of the worlds
    goods to provide food, shelter, and medical care
    to meet the needs of their families
  • Poverty dehumanizes, and a vast majority of the
    human race is so dehumanized

53
  • 2. VICTIMIZATION- This is pain resulting not just
    from being poor but from being made and kept poor
    by other human beings
  • To be taken advantage of, excluded, overpowered
    by others
  • There is bounty enough to go around but it
    doesnt go around because of the choices and
    policies made by those with economic, political
    and military power

54
  • 3. PATRIARCHY- Women bear a disproportionate
    burden of humanitys suffering
  • Statistically, females are more susceptible to
    encounter poverty, domestic violence, are victims
    of the ever growing sex trade, and rape is often
    used as a weapon of war
  • The reality of patriarchymale domination over
    females
  • In some countries women are considered inferior
    and what is inferior is used and abused rather
    than respected and valued

55
Suffering of the Earth and its Creatures
  • There is also suffering of the earth and the
    creatures inhabited by it.
  • A growing number of humans are abusing the
    resources of the earth by their irresponsible
    consumption and waste of these resources
  • We are wreaking havoc on the life-giving and the
    life-sustaining capacities of the planet that is
    home to all species.

56
  • This a form of suffering that threatens everyone
  • The threat of global warming or a hole in the
    ozone layer is as great a menace to inhabitants
    in Beverly Hills as to the occupants of a Chicago
    ghetto
  • This threat is not just for us but for future
    generations that we hope will follow us
  • The common ground of a threatened planet provides
    all humanity with a common agenda

57
  • 4. VIOLENCE- Poverty and victimization are both
    forms of violence. They are often the cause or
    context of the physical violence between spouses,
    social classes, and ethnic groups.
  • Physical and military violence continue to plague
    our world
  • The ability to destroy the earth (with nuclear
    weapons) is a grave and dangerous possibility and
    the availability of nuclear weapons to rogue
    nations increases

58
The Natural Law
  • Social principles come from 2 sources
  • 1. Gods revelation to us. Especially the
    teaching and life of Jesus Christ
  • 2. Natural law- the natural law is written on
    the human heart (Rm 214-15). It can be
    discovered through human reason every thinking
    person can discover it.

59
  • It is the light of understanding infused in us
    by God
  • The natural law, like the teachings of Jesus,
    discovers and expresses human dignity which is
    the basis for all rights and responsibilities

60
Truth, Justice, Love
  • Just societies must be based on truth, justice,
    and love
  • They remind us that the common good applies to
    future generations as well
  • Each individual has obligations to society, so
    does society have obligations to the individual
  • Everyone must have access to political, economic,
    social and cultural arenas.
  • It must create a wholesome climate that does not
    undermine virtuous living

61
  • What are some examples in our society that help
    promote truth justice and love? Here at CBHS?
  • Jubilee Schools
  • Diversity in our school
  • Mission collection
  • Vigilant awareness for racial equality
  • Freedom of worship
  • Ability to elect leaders
  • Opportunity of Education

62
  • What are some ways in which our society does not
    promote Justice and love?
  • Legalized abortion
  • Death penalty
  • Euthanasia
  • Wasting of natural resources
  • Corrupt leaders of society
  • Physical accomplishments are worth more than
    intellectual ones

63
Divisions and Kinds of Laws
  • 1. Eternal/Natural Law the plan of divine wisdom
    as directing all acts and movements. The cosmic
    order established by God. The harmony found in
    the worldfrom the great planets to the minuscule
    atoms.
  • Scientists call this the law of nature, believers
    acknowledge it as Gods creation or eternal law

64
  • Eternal law is the primordial law (beginning,
    giving origin to). It is the foundation of all
    law.
  • It is intrinsic- it orders the universe
    internally by Gods providence
  • It is universal- it applies to every creature
  • Its purpose is to facilitate order and to
    establish harmony in the universe and the social
    order

65
  • 2. Natural Law the rational creatures
    participation in the eternal law
  • The natural law is written on the hearts of every
    human being, as it applies to human life
  • Our bodies themselves operate in order/ harmony
  • It makes no sense to say we are ordered toward
    life and growth, but free to live a disordered
    life

66
Characteristics of Natural Law
  • 1. Universalityit applies to everyone
  • 2. Immutabilityit does not change
  • The natural law offers governments a base on
    which to formulate just laws that can regulate
    the common good of society

67
Law of Nature / Natural Law
  • Laws of nature are descriptions of the behavior
    of the material universe. A rock cannot know if
    it is falling in accordance to its nature or not.
    A rock simply falls
  • Natural law is a law of reason. It is the command
    that human reason gives regarding what actions
    should be done (b/c they are in accord with human
    nature) and avoided (those contrary)

68
The Law of Good and Evil
  • Good and evil have a foundation based on the
    truth.
  • It is evil to kill an innocent person not because
    our laws prohibit it, but because every person
    has the right to life
  • It is evil to slander because a persons
    reputation belongs to him, not because society
    prohibits such actions

69
  • The same can be said for good.
  • To help rehabilitate a criminal is good because
    it respects human dignity
  • Giving alms is good because it is practicing
    charity
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