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ENVS 295 Spring 2008

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Food waste collection system working? RecycleMania competition ... use alternative transportation (gift certificates, coupons, etc. ... evolving fast ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: ENVS 295 Spring 2008


1
ENVS 295Spring 2008
  • Planning for Carbon Neutrality Using
    Environmental Management Systems

2
Todays Program
  • EMS structure
  • Stakeholders
  • Indicators
  • Goals
  • Field trips
  • Case studies at UVM, McGill, Green Mountain
    College
  • Reports addressing management questions
  • Climate Action Plan
  • Structure
  • Indicators
  • Observations

3
Field Trips, Management Questions
  • Food waste collection system working?
  • RecycleMania competition participation
    worthwhile?
  • LEED for existing buildings?
  • Eco-Reps program expanded?
  • Magic Salt worth continuing?
  • Key point
  • --MEASUREMENT METHODS NEEDED--

4
Requirements for theClimate Action Plandue 9/09
  • i. Introduction Why How
  • ii. Campus Emissions
  • a) Target Date and Interim Targets PLAN
  • iii. Mitigation Strategies PLAN/DO
  • iv. Education, Research Outreach ACT
  • v. Financing PLAN
  • vi. Tracking Progress CHECK
  • a) Tracking Progress
  • b) Modifying the Plan PLAN

5
Climate Action Plan Mitigation Section Outline
  • Mitigation Strategies Outline
  • Buildings energy use and efficiency
  • Individual buildings efficiency
  • Infrastructure efficiency
  • Buildings energy sources
  • Electricity sources
  • Heating fuel sources
  • Transportation energy use
  • Commuting
  • Fleet energy sources and efficiency
  • Air travel
  • Market mechanisms
  • Offsets
  • Class Topics
  • Buildings efficiency
  • Overall new and existing buildings
  • Fume hoods
  • Commuting
  • Offsets

6
Environmental Management Systems Analysis
  • Class Topics
  • Buildings efficiency
  • Overall for new, existing buildings
  • Fume hoods
  • Commuting
  • Offsets
  • EMS Analysis
  • Scope
  • Indicators
  • Policy options
  • Management question

7
Buildings Energy Efficiency
  • Scope
  • New buildings
  • Existing buildings
  • Infrastructure central plant, looped systems,
    pipes
  • Indicators
  • PLAN Allocate funds for support staff for energy
    efficiency in new and existing buildings
  • DO Conduct energy awareness campaigns invest
    1million/year in energy efficiency projects
  • CHECK Report annually on ROI and changes in
    energy use per square foot
  • ACT Conduct an energy audit of all campus
    buildings to determine areas of improvement

8
Buildings Efficiency contd
  • Policy options
  • Buildings
  • Increase efficiency investments for campus-wide
    projects
  • Increase LEED points for efficiency, include
    existing buildings
  • Increase use of building control systems
  • Implement fume hood program
  • Infrastructure
  • Explore cogeneration of electricity and heat on
    campus or with local community
  • Explore additional investments in infrastructure
    (piping, central plant)
  • Management Question
  • Expand to LEED EB?

9
Observations about LEED EB
  • LEED for Existing Buildings at UVM?
  • Difficult to attain LEED EB at all, much less
    consistently at the moment
  • Next at UVM aim for more aggressive energy
    efficiency goals for major renovations using
    LEED-NC
  • Expand key green practices from LEED NC to
    existing buildings products, services, standards
  • Then pilot EB in next existing building project
  • Aim for LEED EB campus-wide over time

10
EMS for Building Efficiency Fume Hoods
  • Scope
  • Approx 400 fume hoods in campus buildings, 10
    growth in the next two years
  • Indicators
  • PLAN Lab DesignProject Manager
  • Proposed UVM design criteria
  • DO Hood UseLaboratory Workers
  • User signals and training
  • CHECK Cost AccountingUpper Management
  • Lab buildings31 campus energy use 3.5
    million/year fume hoods significant
    contributors
  • ACT Hood MaintenancePhysical Plant

11
EMS for Fume Hoods Energy Use
  • Policy Options
  • Harvard Shut the Sash Cut air flow by 27
  • University of Buffalo Changed fan schedule
  • McGill Technical support team approach
  • Cornell Retro-commissioning model
  • Management Question
  • What combination of strategies would be optimal
    for fume hood energy reduction ?

12
Observations about Fume Hoods
  • Fume hoods have a large, uncontrolled impact.
  • Similar concerns raised at Harvard, McGill,
    elsewhere.
  • Fume hood program is underway at UVM, using
    Plan-Do-Check-Act cycle

13
Commuting GHG
  • Scope
  • Faculty, staff, student vehicles to and from
    campus for university purposes (classes,
    business, daily activities)
  • Does not include fleet or public transportation
    modes
  • Indicators
  • PLAN Reduce parking permit sales, parking
    spaces promote alternative transportation
  • DO Provide ride free program, incentives for
    alternatives. Phase in CNG, cleaner fuels
  • CHECK Review data from CCTA ride-free program,
    CATMA survey, CATS ridership and parking permit
    sales
  • ACT Maintain, expand, and adjust programs to
    improve commuting alternatives

14
Commuting continued
  • Policy options
  • Audit permits for legitimacy
  • Reduce number of core campus parking spaces
  • Promote use of alternate transportation (bus,
    bike, walk)
  • Use alternate fuel buses with cleaner fuels over
    time
  • Current management questions
  • How can Transportation Parking Services (TPS)
    improve the accuracy of commuter data?
  • How does TPS decrease parking availability and/or
    demand in the face of social norms (without
    impacting surrounding neighborhoods)?

15
Observations about Commuting
  • Key is addressing social norms
  • People tend to prefer the freedom and
  • mobility of driving their own cars- its just
    easier
  • Or is it?
  • Aim to reduce single-occupancy vehicle travel to
    and from campus
  • Some people need incentives to use alternative
    transportation (gift certificates, coupons, etc.)
  • Sometimes bus systems are not as efficient in
    terms of frequency of availability
  • Many UVM parking permit holders actually live
    within the proximity lines (get permit by
    providing a false address)

16
EMS and Offsets
  • Scope
  • Departments (Presidents Office, Sustainability
    Office, Athletics)
  • Campus operations (seminars, fairs, concerts,
    symposia)
  • Campus operations (energy, transportation,
    programs)
  • Indicators
  • PLAN Offset emissions to a specified target
  • DO Develop offset systems and guidelines
  • CHECK Verify GHG offset investments are
    functional
  • ACT Focus the program on the most functional
    offsets

17
EMS and Offsets contd
  • Policy options
  • Offset emissions using commercial offset vendors
  • Direct offsets fund UVM projects which provide
    offsets
  • Indirect offsets fund community projects that
    provide offsets
  • Pilot project department-wide, categorical, or
    optional
  • Postpone policy decisions concerning offsets
    until later date
  • Management questions
  • Should the University fund purchases of carbon
    offsets?
  • Should there be a list of preferred vendors, and
    if so, who decides?
  • What is the most effective way to lower GHG
    emissions from University operations while
    achieving the goals of ACUPCC?

18
Observations about Offsets
  • Local offsets are most attractive
  • Experimenting with own offsets tied to education
    is not easy, though desirable
  • Commercially available offsets can have high
    transaction and monitoring costs
  • Standards are evolving fast
  • Recommend piloting an offsets program at the
    departmental level in year one (Rubenstein,
    Office of Sustainability?)
  • Develop measurement system before expanding
    campus-wide

19
Summary of Observations
  • Recommended approach
  • Focus on measurable outcomes.
  • Use EMS tools (Plan-Do-Check-Act cycle, defined
    scope, indicators, stakeholders, goals) to
    develop and monitor GHG mitigation strategies
  • Mitigation Strategies
  • Assign responsibility for maintaining mitigation
    plan
  • Aim for LEED EB over time
  • Develop fume hood management program
  • Address social norms to reduce commuting GHG
  • Begin to work with offsets on departmental level

20
Project Reporters, Contributors
  • Field Trip Reporters
  • Eco-Reps Julie
  • Food waste Nikola
  • LEED EB Dexter
  • MagicSalt Taylor
  • Recyclemania Jamel
  • Climate Action Plan Reviewers
  • Overview Jamel
  • Efficiency Dexter
  • Fume hoods Taylor
  • Commuting Julie
  • Offsets Nikola

Class website http//esf.uvm.edu/ems08wiki
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