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Black History

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Black History Mrs. Kaye Byard 1st grade Literature preK-12 7301 University of Memphis Introduction In this unit students will learn about the history of slavery and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Black History


1
Black History
  • Mrs. Kaye Byard
  • 1st grade
  • Literature preK-12 7301
  • University of Memphis

2
Introduction
  • In this unit students will learn about the
    history of slavery and civil rights in our
    country. They will learn about some important
    historical figures and their contributions to our
    country. This unit could be shortened or
    expanded greatly depending on your students. It
    is only an overview of black history, including
    study of Abraham Lincoln, MLKJr., Rosa Parks and
    Ruby Bridges. There are several historical
    African Americans that are mentioned in some of
    the resources that could be studied further.

3
Standards
  • 1.5.2a I will recognize major events in American
    History.
  • 1.5.1c I will identify contributions of diverse
    historical figures that have influenced the
    community, state nation.

4
Lessons 1-3 Abraham Lincoln
  • Lesson 1- Students will learn about Abraham
    Lincolns childhood and the time period he grew
    up in by listening to and discussing Abe Lincoln
    by Lynda Jones

In the book Abe has his first experience seeing
slaves in chains and being sold. It saddens him
and he wants to help, but he is only 19.
5
Lesson 1 Activity
  • Disussion Topics
  • What does it mean to work for free? The students
    will take turns wearing a green coat. The other
    students will get to tell the green student to
    do little jobs around the room. Class will
    discuss how they felt when they were green.

6
Lesson 2
  • Students will listen to and discuss A Picture
    Book of Abraham Lincoln by David A. Adler.

The book tells the details of Lincolns whole
life. The children will see how He changed the
history of our country.
7
Lesson 2 Activity
  • Students will discuss what our country may have
    been like if Abraham Lincoln had not freed the
    slaves. They will answer How would your life be
    different right now? What would your
    neighborhood look like? What would your
    classmates look like? Draw a picture to
    illustrate your neighborhood or classroom.

8
Lesson 3
  • Students will listen to and discuss Meet the
    Obamas by Andrea Davis Pinkney.

The book is divided into five short chapters to
give students a look inside the life of
President Obama and his family.
9
Lesson 3 Activity
  • Students will compare and contrast Abraham
    Lincoln and Barack Obama on a Venn diagram. They
    will answer the higher order question would
    Obama be able to be the president without the
    work of Abraham Lincoln and others like him?

10
Additional Activity
  • If there is time, the students may also watch a
    video from the American History for Children
    video series Equal Rights for All. Two
    sections on the video would be good additions to
    the first three lessons.
  • The Biography of Abraham Lincoln
  • The Story of a Child The Emancipation
    Proclamation

11
Lessons 4-7 MLKJr.
  • Lesson 4- Students will learn about Martin Luther
    King, Jr.s life from A Picture Book of Martin
    Luther King, Jr. This book is an overview of his
    life and will introduce children to his
    contributions to our country.

Discussion questions What did MLKJr. do for our
country? Why did someone want to hurt him? How
did MLKJr. think people should settle arguments?
12
Lesson 4 Activity
  • Students will create a handbook of brotherhood to
    show how MLKJr. would want them to resolve and
    prevent disagreements. Teachers can print full
    book from www.teachervision.com

13
Additional Activity
  • If time, students can view an American History
    for Children video series video African American
    Life.

The focus sections of the video would be The
Biography of Martin Luther King Jr. African
Americans Today
14
Lesson 5
  • Students will listen to My Brother MARTINA
    sister remembers growing up with the Rev. Dr.
    Martin Luther King Jr. by Christine King Farris.

Discussion topics What do you think it would be
like having a brother like Martin? Do you know
anyone who works really hard and always wants
everything to be fair?
15
Lesson 5 Activity
  • Teachers will show the MLKJr. timeline created by
    some other students showing events of his life.
    The timeline can be viewed at
  • http//www2.lhric.org/pocantico/taverna/98/king.ht
    m
  • Students will then draw a picture of one event
    from his life and write a sentence to go with it.
    The pictures will be bound into a class book.

16
Lesson 6
  • Students will listen to parts of Happy Birthday,
    Martin Luther King by Jean Marzollo and Martin
    Luther King Day by Linda Lowery. They will also
    watch a 10 minute video Martin Luther King Jr.
    Day. They will discuss why we have MLKJr. Day.

17
Lesson 6 Activity
  • Students will write a wish for MLKJr. on a
    birthday cake template. Teachers you may use the
    template at the following web address
    http//www.dpsk12.org/programs/almaproject/pdf/les
    sonsincourage.pdf
  • The template is on page 10 of the unit you find
    at that address.

18
Lesson 7
  • Students will listen to sections from Martin
    Luther King, Jr. and the March on Washinton by
    Frances E. Ruffin and the entire text of Yes we
    can! A salute to children from President Obamas
    victory speech book designed by Whitney Lyle and
    Martins Big WordsThe life of Dr. Martin Luther
    King, Jr. by Doreen Rappaport

19
Lesson 7 Discussion and Activity
  • Students will discuss the big ideas of MLKJr. And
    Obama and the changes both men wanted to see
    happen. Students will write a dream they have
    for the future on a template of MLKJr.s head.
    Teachers can print template from
    www.teachervision.com

20
Lesson 8 Rosa Parks
  • Students will listen to and discuss A picture
    book of Rosa Parks by David A. Adler and Lets
    read about Rosa Parks by Courtney Baker

21
Lesson 8 Discussion and Activity
  • Students will discuss how Rosa must have felt
    when the bus driver asked her to move, how brave
    she was and why she chose to disobey the law.
    Students will then create a mini book about the
    bus boycott and complete some fill-in the blank
    sentences about Rosa Parks.

Only the first page of the mini book is shown
here. Teachers can print all three pages at
http//www.teachervision.fen.com/martin-luther-kin
g-jr/printable/54873.html
22
Additional Activity
  • If you would like to give your students more of a
    visual of how Rosa Parks stood up for her rights
    there is a video from the Lesson Booster series
    called Heroes of Freedom that has two sections
    with re-enactments of both of her bus incidents.

You will want to show Chapter 5 The Civil
Rights Movement Chapter 6 Rosas Act of Defiance
23
Lesson 9 Ruby Bridges
  • Students will listen to and discuss Lets Read
    About Ruby Bridges by Ruby Bridges and Grace
    Maccarone, The Story of Ruby Bridges by Robert
    Coles and Ruby Bridges Goes to School My True
    Story by Ruby Bridges

24
Lesson 9 Activity
  • Students will complete a venn diagram comparing
    their childhood to Rubys. They will also
    complete a story map of The Story of Ruby
    Bridges. Templates for both can be found on pages
    46 47 of the unit found at
  • http//www.dpsk12.org/programs/almaproject/pdf/les
    sonsincourage.pdf

25
Additional Websites
  • Teachers if you would like to research for more
    ideas you may find them at one of these two
    sites
  • http//www.carolhurst.com/subjects/slavery.html
  • http//www.lessonplanspage.com/BlackHistoryMonth.
    htm

26
Conclusion
  • This unit will teach children some important
    information about the history of African
    Americans in the United States. It was intended
    to be taught to first graders and focuses on
    first grade standards. However, it could easily
    be adapted for any grade level.

27
References
  • 100 Educational Videos, Inc. (1992). Martin
    Luther King Jr. Day Motion picture. El Dorado
    Hills, CA 100 Educational Videos, Inc..
  • Adler, D. A. (1989). The Picture Book of Abraham
    Lincoln. New York, NY Scholastic, Inc.
  • Adler, D. A. (1989). A picture book of Martin
    Luther King, Jr. New York, NY Scholastic, Inc.
  • Adler, D. A. (1993). A picture book of Rosa
    Parks. New York, NY Scholastic, Inc.

28
  • Baker, C. (2004). Let's read about... Rosa Parks.
    New York, NY Scholastic, Inc.
  • Bridges, R., Maccarone, G. (2003). Let's read
    about... Ruby Bridges. New York, NY Scholastic,
    Inc.
  • Bridges, R. (2009). Ruby Bridges goes to school
    My true story. New York, NY Scholastic, Inc.
  • Brigham Young University, Mckay, D. O. (2011).
    Diversity Activities. Retrieved April 7, 2011,
    from http//education.byu.edu/diversity/activities
    .html

29
  • Coles, R. (1995). The story of Ruby Bridges. New
    York, NY Scholastic, Inc.
  • Denver Public Schools, Williams, B. J.,
    Martinez, L. A. (2001). Retrieved April 9, 2011,
    from http//www.dpsk12.org/programs/almaproject/pd
    f/lessonsincourage.pdf
  • Fabian-baber Communications, Inc.,
    Schlessinger, A. (1996). American history for
    children video series African American life
    Motion picture. Wynnewood, PA Schlessinger
    Video Productions, a division of Library Video
    Company.

30
  • Fabian-baber Communications, Inc.,
    Schlessinger, A. (1996). American history for
    children video series Equal rights for all
    Motion picture. Bala Cynwyd, PA Schlessinger
    Video Productions, a division of Library Video
    Company.
  • Farris, C. K. (2003). My Brother Martin A Sister
    Remembers Growing Up With The Rev. Dr. Martin
    Luther King Jr. New York, NY Scholastic, Inc.
  • Google (2011). Graphic Organizers. Retrieved
    April 7, 2011, from http//www.google.com/imgres?i
    mgurlhttp//surfari.editime.com/file...safari26s
    a3DN26rls3Den26tbm3DischeiFVOeTcSyJqHg0gH46
    vn7BA

31
  • Hotchalk (2011). The lesson plan page. Retrieved
    April 7, 2011, from http//www.lessonplanspage.com
  • Hurst, C. (2011). Carol's Hurst's Children's
    Literature Site. Retrieved April 7, 2011, from
    http//www.carolhurst.com/subjects/slavery.html
  • Jones, L. (1999). Abe Lincoln. New York, NY
    Scholastic, Inc.
  • Lowery, L. (1987). Martin Luther King Day. New
    York, NY Scholastic, Inc.

32
  • Marzollo, J. (1993). Happy birthday, Martin
    Luther King. New York, NY Scholastic, Inc.
  • Mazzarella Media. (2008). Lesson booster a super
    way to learn Heroes of freedom DVD. USA
  • Obama, B. (2009). Yes we can! a salute to
    children from President Obama's victory speech.
    New York, NY Scholastic, Inc.
  • Pearson Education (2011). Teacher Vision.
    Retrieved April 7, 2011, from http//www.teachervi
    sion.fen.com/

33
  • Pinkney, A. D. (2009). Meet the Obamas America's
    First Family. New York, NY Scholastic, Inc.
  • Rappaport, D. (2001). Martin's big words The
    life of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. New York, NY
    Scholastic, Inc.
  • Ruffin, F. E. (2001). Martin Luther King, Jr. and
    the march on Washington. New York , NY
    Scholastic, Inc.
  • Taverna (n.d.). Time Line of Martin Luther King
    Jr. Retrieved April 9, 2011, from
    http//www2.lhric.org/pocantico/taverna/98/king.ht
    m
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