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International Relations Theory A New Introduction

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Title: International Relations Theory A New Introduction


1
International Relations TheoryA New Introduction
  • Chapter 3
  • The Liberal International Theory Tradition

2
Introduction
  • Five characteristics of liberal thought
  • Strong faith in human reason
  • Belief in possibility of historical progress
    reforming international relations
  • Focus on state-society linkages the claim of a
    close connection between domestic institutions
    politics/ international politics
  • Claim Increasing economic interdependence among
    states reduces occurrence of conflict war
  • Arguments about the positive effect of processes
    of institutionalizing international relations

3
Genealogy
  • Early 20th century key concepts and arguments
  • War does not benefit anybody N. Angell (1913)
  • International anarchy - G.L. Dickinson (1916)
  • First major instances of liberal institutionalism
    ? League of Nations
  • Collective Security
  • Since Second World War
  • D. Mitrany (1943) A Working Peace System
  • Regional integration multilateral institutions
    cooperation under anarchy
  • Theorizing non-material structures thoroughly

4
Currents of Liberal Thought
  • Interdependence Liberalism
  • R. Keohane and J. Nye (1977) Power and
    Interdependence
  • Republican Liberalism
  • I. Kant (1795/ 1983) The Perpetual Peace
  • Neoliberal Institutionalism
  • R. Keohane

5
Kinds of Liberal Theory
  • Underpinned by normative engagement
  • American liberals Behavioural revolution claim
    scientific status for their own perspective
  • In 1980s liberal thinking game theory
  • R. Axelrod (1984) The Evolution of Cooperation
  • R. Keohane (1984) After Hegemony
  • Rationalist underpinnings
  • A. Moravcsiks liberal intergovernmentalism
    (1998)
  • Combination of constructivist meta-theory
    liberal substantive theory
  • A. Wendt (1999) Social Theory of International
    Politics

6
Main Variants of Theories
  • Democratic Peace Theory
  • Democracies do not fight wars among themselves
    ( I. Kant - 18th century)
  • F. Fukuyama (1992) The End of History and the
    Last Man
  • Transnational Theory
  • Look beyond state-state relations ?
    society-society relations are equally important
    to world politics
  • K. Kaiser (1969)
  • R. Keohane and J. Nye (1971)
  • J. Rosenau (1980, 1990), K. Deutsch (1957), J.
    Burton (1972)
  • T. Risse-Kappen (1995)

7
Main Variants of Theories
  • Theory of Cooperation
  • A. Wendt (1999) Social Theory of International
    Politics
  • Wendts ambition to build a systemic theory ?
    emphasizing social rather than material
    structures
  • Liberal Intergovernmentalism
  • A. Moravcsiks (1998) theoretical framework
    synthesizing theories of domestic preference
    formation, strategic bargaining institutional
    design

8
Main Intra-Tradition Debates
  • Neoliberal Institutionalism vs. Liberal
    Democratic Peace Theory versions of Commercial
    Liberalism
  • Liberalism/ Adherents of Democratic Peace Theory
    vs. Idealism
  • Liberal version of Rationalism vs. Constructivism

9
Research Agenda
  • International institutions organizations, see
    F. Kratochwil, J.Ruggie (1986)
    R.Keohane (1989)
  • Multilateralism, see J.Ruggie (1993)
  • Democratic Peace Theory democratization
    processes
  • International cooperation ? international regimes
  • Merger between transnationalist perspective with
    studies of globalization/ studies of economic and
    political processes of globalization

10
Conclusion
  • Very rich tradition of thought
  • The liberal vision to establish a new academic
    discipline International Relation
  • Three major strands
  • Some liberals strongly state-centric
  • Liberalism has its ups and downs
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